<summary>

HTML 공개 요약 요소 (<요약>) 요소는 ("상세") 요소의 공개 상자에 대한 요약, 캡션 또는 범례를 지정한다. <요약> 요소를 클릭하면 부모 <상세> 요소의 상태가 열리거나 닫힌다.

시도해보기

Permitted content Phrasing content or one element of Heading content
Tag omission None, both the start tag and the end tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents The <details> element.
Permitted ARIA roles button (en-US)
DOM interface HTMLElement

Attributes

This element only includes the global attributes.

Usage notes

The <summary> element's contents can be any heading content, plain text, or HTML that can be used within a paragraph.

A <summary> element may only be used as the first child of a <details> element. When the user clicks on the summary, the parent <details> element is toggled open or closed, and then a toggle event is sent to the <details> element, which can be used to let you know when this state change occurs.

Default label text

If a <details> element's first child is not a <summary> element, the user agent will use a default string (typically "Details") as the label for the disclosure box.

Default style

Per the HTML specification, the default style for <summary> elements includes display: list-item. This makes it possible to change or remove the icon displayed as the disclosure widget next to the label from the default, which is typically a triangle.

You can also change the style to display: block to remove the disclosure triangle.

See the Browser compatibility section for details, as not all browsers support full functionality of this element yet.

Examples

Below are some examples showing <summary> in use. You can find more examples in the documentation for the <details> element.

Basic example

A simple example showing the use of <summary> in a <details> element:

<details open>
  <summary>Overview</summary>
  <ol>
    <li>Cash on hand: $500.00</li>
    <li>Current invoice: $75.30</li>
    <li>Due date: 5/6/19</li>
  </ol>
</details>

Summaries as headings

You can use heading elements in <summary>, like this:

<details open>
  <summary><h4>Overview</h4></summary>
    <ol>
    <li>Cash on hand: $500.00</li>
    <li>Current invoice: $75.30</li>
    <li>Due date: 5/6/19</li>
  </ol>
</details>

This currently has some spacing issues that could be addressed using CSS.

HTML in summaries

This example adds some semantics to the <summary> element to indicate the label as important:

<details open>
  <summary><strong>Overview</strong></summary>
  <ol>
    <li>Cash on hand: $500.00</li>
    <li>Current invoice: $75.30</li>
    <li>Due date: 5/6/19</li>
  </ol>
</details>

Specifications

Specification
HTML Standard
# the-summary-element

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also