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The touch-action CSS property specifies whether, and in what ways, a given region can be manipulated by the user via a touchscreen (for instance, by panning or zooming features built into the browser).

/* Keyword values */
touch-action: auto;
touch-action: none;
touch-action: pan-x;
touch-action: pan-left;
touch-action: pan-right;
touch-action: pan-y;
touch-action: pan-up;
touch-action: pan-down;
touch-action: pinch-zoom;
touch-action: manipulation;

/* Global values */
touch-action: inherit;
touch-action: initial;
touch-action: unset;

Initial valueauto
Applies toall elements except: non-replaced inline elements, table rows, row groups, table columns, and column groups
Inheritedno
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

By default, panning (scrolling) and pinching gestures are handled exclusively by the browser. An application using Pointer_events will receive a pointercancel event when the browser starts handling a touch gesture. By explicitly specifying which gestures should be handled by the browser, an application can supply its own behavior in pointermove and pointerup listeners for the remaining gestures. Applications using Touch_events disable the browser handling of gestures by calling preventDefault(), but should also use touch-action to ensure the browser knows the intent of the application before any event listeners have been invoked.

When a gesture is started, the browser intersects the touch-action values of the touched element and all its ancestors up to the one that implements the gesture (in other words, the first containing scrolling element). This means that in practice, touch-action is typically applied only to individual elements which have some custom behavior, without needing to specify touch-action explicitly on any of that element's descendants. After a gesture has started, changes to touch-action values will not have any impact on the behavior of the current gesture.

Syntax

The touch-action property may be specified as either:

Values

auto
Enable browser handling of all panning and zooming gestures.
none
Disable browser handling of all panning and zooming gestures.
pan-x
Enable single-finger horizontal panning gestures. May be combined with pan-y, pan-up, pan-down and/or pinch-zoom.
pan-y
Enable single-finger vertical panning gestures. May be combined with pan-x, pan-left, pan-right and/or pinch-zoom.
manipulation
Enable panning and pinch zoom gestures, but disable additional non-standard gestures such as double-tap to zoom. Disabling double-tap to zoom removes the need for browsers to delay the generation of click events when the user taps the screen. This is an alias for "pan-x pan-y pinch-zoom" (which, for compatibility, is itself still valid).
pan-left, pan-right, pan-up, pan-down
Enable single-finger gestures that begin by scrolling in the given direction(s). Once scrolling has started, the direction may still be reversed. Note that scrolling "up" (pan-up) means that the user is dragging their finger downward on the screen surface, and likewise pan-left means the user is dragging their finger to the right. Multiple directions may be combined except when there is a simpler representation (for example, "pan-left pan-right" is invalid since "pan-x" is simpler, but "pan-left pan-down" is valid).
pinch-zoom
Enable multi-finger panning and zooming of the page. This may be combined with any of the pan- values.

Formal syntax

auto | none | [ [ pan-x | pan-left | pan-right ] || [ pan-y | pan-up | pan-down ] || pinch-zoom ] | manipulation

Examples

The most common usage is to disable all gestures on an element (and its non-scrollable descendants) that provides its own dragging and zooming behavior – such as a map or game surface.

#map {
  touch-action: none;
}

Another common pattern is that of an image carousel which uses pointer events to handle horizontal panning, but doesn't want to interfere with vertical scrolling or zooming of the document.

.image-carousel {
  width: 100%;
  height: 150px;
  touch-action: pan-y pinch-zoom;
}

touch-action is also often used to completely disable the delay of click events caused by support for the double-tap to zoom gesture.

html {
  touch-action: manipulation;
}

Accessibility concerns

A declaration of touch action: none; may inhibit operating a browser's zooming capabilities. This will prevent people experiencing low vision conditions from being able to read and understand page content.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Compatibility Standard
The definition of 'touch-action' in that specification.
Living Standard Added pinch-zoom property value.
Pointer Events – Level 2
The definition of 'touch-action' in that specification.
Working Draft Added pan-left, pan-right, pan-up, pan-down property values.
Pointer Events
The definition of 'touch-action' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support3612

521

291 2

11

10 -ms-

23 No3
manipulation3612

521

291 2

11

10 -ms-

23 No
double-tap-zoom No12 No

11

10 -ms-

No No
pinch-zoom5612 No4

11

10 -ms-

43 No
pan-up, pan-down, pan-left and pan-right55 No No4 No42 No
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support3636 Yes

52

292

Yes No3 Yes
manipulation3636 Yes

52

292

Yes9.1 Yes
double-tap-zoom No No Yes No No No No
pinch-zoom5656 Yes No443 No6.0
pan-up, pan-down, pan-left and pan-right5555 No No442 No6.0

1. Not applicable to Firefox platforms that support neither pointer nor touch events.

2. From version 29: this feature is behind the layout.css.touch_action.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.

3. See WebKit bug 133112.

4. See bug 1285685.

See also