tabs

Interact with the browser's tab system.

๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ €์˜ ํƒญ ์‹œ์Šคํ…œ๊ณผ์˜ ์ƒํ˜ธ์ž‘์šฉ.

You can use this API to get a list of opened tabs, filtered by various criteria, and to open, update, move, reload, and remove tabs. You can't directly access the content hosted by tabs using this API, but you can insert JavaScript and CSS into tabs using the tabs.executeScript() (en-US) or tabs.insertCSS() APIs.

์ด API๋Š” ์—ด๋ ค์žˆ๋Š” ํƒญ์˜ ๋ชฉ๋ก์„ ์–ป๋Š”๋ฐ, ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ๊ธฐ์ค€์œผ๋กœ ๊ฑธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚ด๋Š”๋ฐ, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ํƒญ์„ ์—ด๊ณ , ๊ณ ์น˜๊ณ , ์˜ฎ๊ธฐ๊ณ , ๋‹ค์‹œ ์‹ฃ๊ณ , ์—†์• ๋Š”๋ฐ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์ด API๋กœ ํƒญ์— ์—ด๋ฆฐ ์ฝ˜ํ…ํŠธ๋ฅผ ์ง์ ‘ ๋‹ค๋ฃฐ ์ˆ˜๋Š” ์—†์ง€๋งŒ, tabs.executeScript() (en-US)๋‚˜ tabs.insertCSS() API๋กœ ํƒญ์— ์ž๋ฐ”์Šคํฌ๋ฆฝํŠธ์™€ CSS๋ฅผ ๋ผ์›Œ ๋„ฃ์„ ์ˆ˜๋Š” ์žˆ๋‹ค.

You can use most of this API without any special permission. However:

ํŠน๋ณ„ํ•œ ๊ถŒํ•œ์—†์ด ์ด API์˜ ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์„ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์ง€๋งŒ:

 

  • Tab.url, Tab.title, and Tab.favIconUrl์— ์ ‘๊ทผํ•˜๋ ค๋ฉด "tabs" ๊ถŒํ•œ์„ ๊ฐ€์ ธ์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ํŒŒ์ด์–ดํญ์Šค์—์„œ ์ด ๋ง์€ URL๋กœ query (en-US) ํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ๋„ "tabs"๊ฐ€ ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค๋Š” ๋œป์ด๋‹ค.
  • tabs.executeScript() (en-US)๋‚˜ tabs.insertCSS()๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋ ค๋ฉด ํƒญ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ host ๊ถŒํ•œ์„ ๊ฐ€์ ธ์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค.

 

๋˜๋Š” ์ด๋Ÿฐ ๊ถŒํ•œ์„ ์ผ์‹œ์ ์œผ๋กœ ์–ป๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•๋„ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ํ˜„์žฌ ํ™œ์„ฑ ํƒญ์ด๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๋ช…์‹œ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž ๋™์ž‘์˜ ์‘๋‹ต์ด๋ผ๋ฉด "activeTab" ๊ถŒํ•œ์„ ์š”์ฒญํ•˜๋ฉด ๋œ๋‹ค.

๋งŽ์€ ํƒญ ์ž‘์—…์€ ํƒญ ID๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•œ๋‹ค. ํƒญ ID๋Š” ๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ € ์„ธ์…˜ ๋‚ด์—์„œ ํƒญ๋งˆ๋‹ค ๊ณ ์œ ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋ณด์žฅ๋œ๋‹ค. ๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ €๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค์‹œ ์‹œ์ž‘๋˜๋ฉด, ํƒญ ID๋ฅผ ์žฌ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋Ÿด ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ๋‹ค์‹œ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ €์— ๊ฑธ์ณ์„œ ํƒญ์— ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ์—ฐ๊ด€์‹œํ‚ค๋ ค๋ฉด sessions.setTabValue() (en-US)๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•ด๋ผ.

Types

tabs.MutedInfoReason (en-US)
Specifies the reason a tab was muted or unmuted.
tabs.MutedInfo (en-US)
This object contains a boolean indicating whether the tab is muted, and the reason for the last state change.
tabs.Tab (en-US)
This type contains information about a tab.
tabs.TabStatus (en-US)
Indicates whether the tab has finished loading.
tabs.WindowType (en-US)
The type of window that hosts this tab.
tabs.ZoomSettingsMode (en-US)
Defines whether zoom changes are handled by the browser, by the add-on, or are disabled.
tabs.ZoomSettingsScope (en-US)
Defines whether zoom changes will persist for the page's origin, or only take effect in this tab.
tabs.ZoomSettings (en-US)
Defines zoom settings mode (en-US)scope (en-US), and default zoom factor.

Properties

tabs.TAB_ID_NONE (en-US)
A special ID value given to tabs that are not browser tabs (for example, tabs in devtools windows).

Functions

tabs.connect() (en-US)
Sets up a messaging connection between the add-on's background scripts (or other privileged scripts, such as popup scripts or options page scripts) and any content scripts running in the specified tab.
tabs.create()
Creates a new tab.
tabs.captureVisibleTab() (en-US)
Creates a data URI encoding an image of the visible area of the currently active tab in the specified window.
tabs.detectLanguage() (en-US)
Detects the primary language of the content in a tab.
tabs.duplicate() (en-US)
Duplicates a tab.
tabs.executeScript() (en-US)
Injects JavaScript code into a page.
tabs.get() (en-US)
Retrieves details about the specified tab.
tabs.getAllInWindow() (en-US)
Gets details about all tabs in the specified window.
tabs.getCurrent() (en-US)
Gets information about the tab that this script is running in, as a tabs.Tab object.
tabs.getSelected() (en-US)
Gets the tab that is selected in the specified window.
tabs.getZoom() (en-US)
Gets the current zoom factor of the specified tab.
tabs.getZoomSettings() (en-US)
Gets the current zoom settings for the specified tab.
tabs.highlight() (en-US)
Highlights one or more tabs.
tabs.insertCSS()
Injects CSS into a page.
tabs.removeCSS() (en-US)
Removes from a page CSS which was previously injected by calling tabs.insertCSS().
tabs.move() (en-US)
Moves one or more tabs to a new position in the same window or to a different window.
tabs.query() (en-US)
Gets all tabs that have the specified properties, or all tabs if no properties are specified.
tabs.reload() (en-US)
Reload a tab, optionally bypassing the local web cache.
tabs.remove() (en-US)
Closes one or more tabs.
tabs.sendMessage() (en-US)
Sends a single message to the content script(s) in the specified tab.
tabs.sendRequest() (en-US)
Sends a single request to the content script(s) in the specified tab. Deprecated: use tabs.sendMessage() (en-US) instead.
tabs.setZoom() (en-US)
Zooms the specified tab.
tabs.setZoomSettings() (en-US)
Sets the zoom settings for the specified tab.
tabs.update() (en-US)
Navigate the tab to a new URL, or modify other properties of the tab.

Events

tabs.onActivated (en-US)
Fires when the active tab in a window changes. Note that the tab's URL may not be set at the time this event fired.
tabs.onActiveChanged (en-US)
Fires when the selected tab in a window changes. Deprecated: use tabs.onActivated (en-US) instead.
tabs.onAttached (en-US)
Fired when a tab is attached to a window, for example because it was moved between windows.
tabs.onCreated (en-US)
Fired when a tab is created. Note that the tab's URL may not be set at the time this event fired.
tabs.onDetached (en-US)
Fired when a tab is detached from a window, for example because it is being moved between windows.
tabs.onHighlightChanged (en-US)
Fired when the highlighted or selected tabs in a window change. Deprecated: use tabs.onHighlighted (en-US) instead.
tabs.onHighlighted (en-US)
Fired when the highlighted or selected tabs in a window change.
tabs.onMoved (en-US)
Fired when a tab is moved within a window.
tabs.onRemoved (en-US)
Fired when a tab is closed.
tabs.onReplaced (en-US)
Fired when a tab is replaced with another tab due to prerendering.
tabs.onSelectionChanged (en-US)
Fires when the selected tab in a window changes. Deprecated: use tabs.onActivated (en-US) instead.
tabs.onUpdated (en-US)
Fired when a tab is updated.
tabs.onZoomChange (en-US)
Fired when a tab is zoomed.

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

Edge incompatibilities

Promises are not supported in Edge. Use callbacks instead.

Example extensions

Acknowledgements

This API is based on Chromium's chrome.tabs API. This documentation is derived from tabs.json in the Chromium code.

Microsoft Edge compatibility data is supplied by Microsoft Corporation and is included here under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.