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Verbatim을 이용해 지역화하기

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Verbatim은 모질라 웹 컨텐츠들을 지역하기 위한 웹 기반의 툴(정확힌 모질라에서 호스트된 Pootle 인스턴스)입니다 . 여러분은 모든 언어를 지원할수 있는 이 툴을 이용해 여러가지 모질라 프로젝트들을 지역화할수 있습니다. 이 가이드는 여러분을 보통의 모질라 웹 프로젝트를 지역화 하는 방법을 소개할 것입니다.이 튜토리얼은 여러분에게 Verbatim을 이용해 여러분이 지역화 커뮤니티에 공헌하기 위해 모질라 프로젝트를 지역화 하는 데에 단단한 기반을 제공해 줄 것입니다. 우리는 어떤 모질라 웹 프로젝트들이 Verbatim을 이용하고 있는 지, Verbatim을 어떻게 사용하기 시작할지,  그리고 Verbatim을 이용해서 보통 이루어진 일들에 대해서 다룰 것입니다.

Verbatim을 사용하기 시작하기

Verbatim이 온라인에 기반되어 있으므로, 번역자들은 Verbatim을 이용하기 위해서 무조건 인터넷에 연결되어 있어야 합니다. There are essentially two ways to get started with Verbatim: start a new localization or join an existing localization community's efforts. Either way, you will need to follow these steps to start working on a Verbatim project.

Verbatim에서 새로운 지역화를 시작하기 Verbatim에서 진행중인 지역화에 참여하기
  1. Point your browser to This is where Verbatim is hosted.
  1. Point your browser to This is where Verbatim is hosted.
  1. If you have a Mozilla LDAP account, simply sign in using your LDAP credentials. If not, register for an account and sign in once you've completed registration. The links for both are located in the upper right-hand corner of the page.
  1. If you have a Mozilla LDAP account, simply sign in using your LDAP credentials. If not, register for an account and sign in once you've completed registration. The links for both are located in the upper right-hand corner of the page.
  1. File a bug using this prefilled bugzilla template. Add your locale code and language name to the description field, as well as any other information you'd like to share. See the following example.
Example: I would like to request that you add the en-US as a new localization in Verbatim. The langauge is English. Also, I like cookies. Lots and lots of cookies. I can easily be motivated by any and all baked goods.
  1. Contact the community to find out which projects they need you to concentrate your efforts on. See the following example for what you could include in your email to the community leaders.
Example: I would like to join your localization efforts on Verbatim for this locale. Where would be the best place for me to begin? Also, I would like to buy you a drink to encourage you to let me join the team!

Now that you're registered and logged in, we'll outline the general translation workflow, using the Firefox Home project as our example.


First thing's first, you need to find untranslated source strings to translate.

  1. Navigate to the MDN project page.
  2. Select your language from the Overview tab.
  3. Now click on the the Translate tab. This tab will display the directories for the MDN user interface.
  4. Select the LC Messages directory. This is where the project's .po files containing translatable strings are located. You will now see an overview of each .po file.
  5. In the summary column, the number of words untranslated will be shown as a link. Click on that link to be taken directly to the first string that needs to be translated.

Now you're ready to contribute translations and you won't believe how easy it is. Check it out, you can contribute translations in two simple steps:

  1. Simply type your translation in the box to below the English string
  2. Select Suggest. If you have approval permission, select Submit. You will then be taken to the next string that needs translating.
  3. Hooray! You're translating! Repeat steps one and two for the remainder of the untranslated strings.
Note: If you come across a string that already has a suggested translation, you can still suggest your own translation if you feel it is more accurate.

Some extra cool features on Verbatim

Here are a few additional items about the Verbatim interface that you should be aware of. Some of these can be seen in the screen shot below.

Translate Tab.png

  • You can copy the English string over to the translation box by clicking the Copy icon.
  • You can use machine translation by clicking on the Google Translate icon.
  • You can move forward and back through the strings by clicking the Next and Previous buttons.
  • You can navigate directly to a particular string by clicking it's string number on the far left.
  • You can mark a translation as Fuzzy if you think there could be a better way to say something. This will mark it so it can be found and updated later. Remember that only submitted strings will be commited to the localization's repository, not fuzzy strings. If strings remain marked as fuzzy, the source string will appear in your localized version instead of a translated string.
  • You can add notes about a particular string in the Translator Comments section.
  • When translating a string with both singular and plural forms you will see two boxes on the right hand side. The box for the singular form is labeled Plural Form 0 and the box for the plural form is labeled Plural Form 1.

Additional tasks

If you are a localizer with approval priviledges, here are a few more tasks that you should be aware of.

Review suggested translations

  1. Click on the Review tab. It will show how many strings are waiting for review for each .po file.Review Tab1.png
  2. Select Review suggestions to start approving suggestions. It will take you to the first string that needs to be reviewed.
  3. You can accept the suggestion by clicking the green checkmark or reject the suggestion by clicking the red X (see the screen shot from the previous section).

It is important to note that only submitted strings will appear in your localized pages. Neither suggestions nor fuzzy strings will appear. Before commiting your final localized product, make sure all strings have been submitted.

Using VCS on Verbatim

VCS (Version Control System) is the repository system we use to update the project's strings as well as push your translated content onto the web. The difference between the two tasks is simply a matter of which link to click.

VCS.pngTo push your strings onto the web and see your changes, simply select the Commit to VCS link underneath each file name. It usually takes about an hour before you can see your changes on the project site.

To update your .po files with new untranslated strings, simple select the Update from VCS link underneath each file name.


Note: Some projects are automatically updated nightly while others require you to manually update them to receive new source content. Be sure to pay close attention to this, as it can alter your workflow.

Translating Verbatim files with an external application

While in the Translate tab, you have the option to export the .po and .xliff files and translate the strings with an external application (i.e., a text editor or translation memory tool).

  1. To download the .po file, select the Download link found underneath each file name. To download the .xliff file, select the Download XLIFF link.
  2. Proceed to translate the strings using your selected tool.

Once you've finished your translations, you'll need to upload your file to Verbatim. You can do this from the Translate tab.

  1. Navigate to the bottom of the files list to the Upload File section.
  2. Click on the Browse button and select the file you wish to upload.
  3. Select an upload setting from the options provided.
  4. Once your upload setting has been selected, click Upload.

Important: There have been some problems in the past with community members updating their source strings while others are in the process of localizing the previous updated files. This can cause community members to overlook new source strings, producing untranslated strings in a localized project. Be sure to coordinate these manual updates within your community to avoid this problem.

You're ready to go!

Whew! You've arrived at the end! Time to take what you've learned and put it to good use spreading Mozilla to everyone in your region. Have fun and let us know if you run into any difficulties. We'll be happy to help in any way we can.


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