HTML

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) d tutlayt n useglem yemmalen taɣessa n usebter web.

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Di 1990, Deg iwet n tmuɣli n Web (en-US), Tim Berners-Lee imudd-d tabadut n tikti n hypertext (en-US), anida Berners-Lee yura-t aseggass sakin s tutlayt n trekkizin yebnan ɣef SGML (en-US). IETF (en-US) yebda asizeɣ s wudem unṣib n HTML di 1993, yesseffeɣ-d lqem 2.0 di 1995 seld deqs n ileqman irewwayen. Di 1994 Berners-Lee yesbedd W3C (en-US) akken ad isnefli Web. Di 1996, W3C yeṭṭef leqdic icudden ar HTML, yessuffeɣ-d sakin iwellihen HTML 3.2 aseggaz ar zdat. HTML 4.0 yeffeɣ-d di 1999 yuɣal d tizeɣt ISO (en-US) di 2000.

Deg akud-nni, W3C yeǧǧa HTML yerfed XHTML (en-US), ayen yessawḍen asbeddi n ugraw amunan isem-is WHATWG (en-US) di 2004. Tanemmirt i WHATWG, imi leqdic ɣef HTML5 (en-US) yedda: snat-agi n tuddsiwin suffɣent-d lqem arewway n tizeɣtdi 2008 akked lqem uniɣib di 2014.

Immekti akked d teɣdirawt

Isemli HTML d aḍris aččuṛan yebnan ɣef  iferdisen (en-US). Iferdisen ttwarren gar snat n trekkizin: taldayt, tumdilt tirekkizin (en-US). Yal tarekkizt tbeddu u tettfaka s izamulen (<>). Llant kra n trekkizin tilmawin ur yegbiren ara aḍris am <img> (en-US).

Tzemreḍ ad tessiɣzfeḍ tiṛekkizin HTML s imyerren (en-US), ayen ara d-imudden talqut-nniḍen ara yennalen tarrayt amek iminig inek ad yegzu aferdis-nni:

Afaylu HTML yettwaseklas s suziɣzef .htm neɣ .html, d Aqeddac web (en-US) i t-id-yettmuddun, udiɣ yezmer ad t-i-yerr s useqdec n iminig Web (en-US).

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Almud n HTML

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