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Cascading Style Sheets, most of the time abbreviated as CSS, is a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in HTML or XML (including various XML languages like SVG or XHTML). CSS describes how the structured element must be rendered on screen, on paper, in speech, or on other media.
CSS is one of the core languages of the open web and has a standardized W3C specification. Developed in levels, CSS1 is now obsolete, CSS2.1 is a recommendation, and CSS3, now split into smaller modules, is progressing on the standardization track.
- CSS Reference
An exhaustive reference for seasoned Web developers describing every property and concept of CSS.
- CSS Tutorial
A step-by-step introduction to help complete beginners get started. It presents all the needed fundamentals.
- CSS3 Demos
A collection of demos showing the latest CSS technologies in action: a boost for the creativity.
Documentation and tutorials
- CSS key concepts
- Describes the syntax and forms of the language and introduces fundamentals like specificity and inheritance, the box model and margin collapsing, stacking and block-formatting contexts, or the initial, computed, used and actual values. Entities like CSS shorthand properties are also defined.
- CSS developer guide
- Articles to help you learn CSS techniques to make your content shine.
- Common CSS questions
- Answers to common questions about CSS.
Tools for CSS development
- The W3C CSS Validation Service checks if a given CSS is valid. The service at OnlineWebCheck.com also does the same. These are invaluable debugging tools.
- Firefox Developer Tools allow viewing and editing live CSS of a page via the Inspector and Style Editor tools.
- Firebug extension for Firefox, a popular extension of that navigator that allows to edit live CSS on watched sites. Very practical to test some changes, though this extension does much more.
- Web Developer extension for Firefox also allows to watch and edit live CSS on watched sites. Simpler than Firebug, though less powerful.
- EditCSS extension for Firefox allows editing CSS in the sidebar.
- CSS Text-decoration Level 3 reached the Candidate Recommandation status, defining that the
text-emphasis-*properties. The long known
text-shadowis also defined in it. (August 1st, 2013)
- Gecko now supports
: local. It will be available from Firefox 25 (and already is in Nightly). (July 25th, 2013)
- Pointer Events reached the Candidate Recommandation status, meaning that the CSS property
touch-action, currently only implemented in IE10 (with the
-ms-prefix), is no more experimental. (May 6th, 2013)
- Gecko's support of flexible boxes has been adapted to match a recent specification clarification: from Firefox 23
::afterwill be flex items, and as such can be repositioned using
align-self. (May 3rd, 2013)