この記事はまだ日本語に翻訳されていません。MDN の翻訳はボランティアによって行われています。是非 MDN に登録し、私たちの力になって下さい。

Note: This page used to be linked from Windows Build Prerequisites and should be again.

This article explains how to use Mingw to build Mozilla projects on Windows without using Microsoft Visual Studio, in 14 steps. The versions built using these instructions are debug builds.

Disk space requirements

You will need at least 3.7 GB of free disk space in order to download the source code and install the needed build tools, as well as to build the software.

Create the main directory

All the tools and code will be located in C:\mozilla\, so create this directory first. From a command prompt, issue the command:

mkdir C:\mozilla\

Get the GNU tools for Microsoft Windows (Cygwin)

Download the Cygwin tools for Windows. This is a special version of the GNU tools that runs on Windows:

Install the tools into C:\mozilla\cygwin\. Remember to choose Unix as the Default Text File Type.

Image:Cygwin04.png

In addition to the default modules, you need to install:

  • cygutils (Utils)
  • make (Devel)
  • patch (Utils)
  • patchutils (Devel)
  • autoconf (Devel)
  • perl (Perl)
  • python (Python)
  • unzip (Archive)
  • zip (Archive)
  • m4 (interpreters)

To select these optional installs, press the View button in the Select Packages part of the installer.

Image:Cygwin08.png

The following needed modules should be part of the default install, but you may wish to confirm that they're selected:

  • ash
  • diffutils
  • fileutils
  • findutils
  • gawk
  • grep
  • sed
  • sh-utils
  • textutils

Get the Mozilla wintools

Netscape has modified a handful of the GNU command-line tools to solve some problems mostly for makefile compatibility with the GNU-styled UNIX builds.

Unpack the zip file into a temporary directory. Then start a Command Prompt in the temporary directory and do:

set MOZ_TOOLS=c:\mozilla\moztools
mkdir c:\mozilla\moztools
cd buildtools\windows
install.bat

Get MinGW

Download the following set of MinGW packages:

Using mingw-get is an easy and quick way to get these packages.  Alternatively you can unpack all of the tar.gz files in c:\mozilla\mingw\. You can do this by placing all the tar.gz files in c:\mozilla\mingw\ and then starting a Command Prompt and doing the following:

cd c:\mozilla\mingw\
c:\mozilla\cygwin\bin\gzip -d *.tar.gz
c:\mozilla\cygwin\bin\tar -xvf binutils-*
c:\mozilla\cygwin\bin\tar -xvf gcc-core-*
c:\mozilla\cygwin\bin\tar -xvf gcc-g++-*
c:\mozilla\cygwin\bin\tar -xvf mingw-runtime-*
c:\mozilla\cygwin\bin\tar -xvf w32api-*
del *.tar

Create the settings file

Create a file called mozset.bat in c:\mozilla\. The file should contain the following lines:

@echo off
set MOZ_TOOLS=c:\mozilla\moztools
set PATH=c:\mozilla\mingw\bin;c:\mozilla\cygwin\bin;%MOZ_TOOLS%\bin;%PATH%
set HOME=c:\mozilla

Run the settings file

Get ready to get the Mozilla source code. Issue the following commands at the command prompt:

cd c:\mozilla\
mozset.bat

Keep the command prompt open after doing this.

Convert the headers into Unix format

Since we're on a Windows platform we have to convert the Mozilla wintools header files into Unix format.

cd c:\mozilla\moztools\include\
dos2unix.exe *.h
cd libIDL\
dos2unix.exe *.h

Get the source

To build Firefox, the latest mozilla-central sources can be downloaded with mercurial:

cd c:\mozilla\
hg clone http://hg.mozilla.org/mozilla-central/ mozilla

If you want to build Thunderbird or Sunbird:

hg clone http://hg.mozilla.org/comm-central/ mozilla
python client.py checkout

Create the .mozconfig file

Now you have to create a file called .mozconfig in c:\mozilla\mozilla\ It should contain the following lines:

To build Mozilla Thunderbird in optimized mode:

. $topsrcdir/mail/config/mozconfig
CC=gcc
CXX=g++
CPP=cpp
AS=as
LD=ld
ac_add_options --disable-accessibility

To build Mozilla Thunderbird in debug mode, that's with the debug information and console window:

. $topsrcdir/mail/config/mozconfig
CC=gcc
CXX=g++
CPP=cpp
AS=as
LD=ld
ac_add_options --disable-accessibility
ac_add_options --enable-debug
ac_add_options --disable-optimize

To build Mozilla Firefox in optimized mode:

. $topsrcdir/browser/config/mozconfig
CC=gcc
CXX=g++
CPP=cpp
AS=as
LD=ld
ac_add_options --disable-accessibility

To build Mozilla Firefox in debug mode, that's with the debug information and console window:

. $topsrcdir/browser/config/mozconfig
CC=gcc
CXX=g++
CPP=cpp
AS=as
LD=ld
ac_add_options --disable-accessibility
ac_add_options --enable-debug
ac_add_options --disable-optimize

To build Mozilla Sunbird in optimized mode:

. $topsrcdir/calendar/sunbird/config/mozconfig
CC=gcc
CXX=g++
CPP=cpp
AS=as
LD=ld
ac_add_options --disable-accessibility

To build Mozilla Sunbird in debug mode, that's with the debug information and console window:

. $topsrcdir/calendar/sunbird/config/mozconfig
CC=gcc
CXX=g++
CPP=cpp
AS=as
LD=ld
ac_add_options --disable-accessibility
ac_add_options --enable-debug
ac_add_options --disable-optimize

Build

Now build the bird! This will take a even longer than fetching the code; exactly how long depends on your system.

cd c:\mozilla\mozilla\
make -f client.mk

If you want to log all warnings and errors to a file you can do it by doing:

cd c:\mozilla\mozilla\
make -f client.mk > c:\mozilla\build.log 2>&1

The next time if want to update and build you can do this by doing:

cd c:\mozilla\mozilla\
hg update
make -f client.mk

Start it up

To start Mozilla Thunderbird:

cd c:\mozilla\mozilla\thunderbird\bin\
thunderbird.exe -console

To start Mozilla Firefox:

cd c:\mozilla\mozilla\dist\bin\
firefox.exe -console

Troubleshooting

Here are some helpful troubleshooting tips.

Make sure your tools are correct

First of all make sure that you're using the correct tools.

Test gcc
cd c:\mozilla\
mozset.bat
gcc -v

This should say gcc version 3.2.3 (mingw special 20030504-1). If it doesn't something is wrong.

Test make
cd c:\mozilla\
mozset.bat
make -v

This should say GNU Make 3.80. If it doesn't something is wrong.

Test uname
cd c:\mozilla\
mozset.bat
uname --version

This should say uname (sh-utils) 2.0.15. If it doesn't something is wrong. Double check that the path to your Cygwin binary directory is set up correctly in mozset.bat.

exec: cl: not found

make[4]: Entering directory `/cygdrive/c/mozilla/mozilla/nsprpub/config' sh /cygdrive/c/mozilla/mozilla/nsprpub/build/cygwin-wrapper cl -Fonow.obj -c -W3 -nologo -GF -Gy -MDd -Od -Z7 -UNDEBUG -DDEBUG_hege -UWINNT -DMOZILLA_CLIENT=1 -DDEBUG=1 -DXP_PC=1 -DWIN32=1 -D_DEBUG=1 -DWIN95=1 -D_PR_GLOBAL_THREADS_ONLY=1 -D_X86_=1 -DFORCE_PR_LOG /cygdrive/c/mozilla/mozilla/nsprpub/config/now.c
exec: cl: not found

This error means that it can't find the file cl. The cl file is the Microsoft Visual C++ compiler. You want to be using the gcc compiler instead of the MinGW compiler.

Solution: Double check that the path to your Cygwin binary directory is set up correctly in mozset.bat. Also make sure that the mingw path is before the MOZ_TOOLS path.

Problems with cdefs.h

If you're getting the error:

sys/cdefs.h: No such file or directory

Solution: Make sure that the mingw path is before the cygwin path.

Problems with glib.h

Solution: [[#Convert the headers into Unix format|Convert] the moztools header files with dos2unix.

Parse error

You see errors like this:

parse error before '*' token

Solution: [[#Convert the headers into Unix format|Convert] the moztools header files with dos2unix.

Missing midl

If you get this error:

"midl" c:/mozilla/mozilla/accessible/public/msaa/ISimpleDOMNode.idl
"midl" not found

Solution: The following options don't yet work under gcc-on-win32 so you have to disable them:

ac_add_options --disable-accessibility
ac_add_options --disable-activex

Currently the mingw headers and libraries don't emulate accessibility. Perhaps at a some point mingw will.

Problems with "vtable cant be auto-imported"

Some people have been having "vtable" problems when compiling. It says something like "variable vtable cant be auto-imported".

Solution: To fix this problem try adding the following to your .mozconfig:

LDFLAGS="-mwindows -Wl,--enable-runtime-pseudo-reloc"

Problems with missing icons

If you're having problem with the icons not being shown in Mozilla Thunderbird, it's because you didn't choose Unix as the default file type when installing cygwin.

cd c:\mozilla\
mozset.bat
mount

Then it must say:

C:\mozilla\cygwin\bin on /usr/bin type system (binmode)
C:\mozilla\cygwin\lib on /usr/lib type system (binmode)
C:\mozilla\cygwin on / type system (binmode)
c: on /cygdrive/c type user (binmode,noumount)

The important thing is that it says "binmode" and not "textmode". Otherwise your icons will be corrupted.

Solution: Copy the chrome directory over from a "real" Mozilla Thunderbird build.

No build ID

If you build Mozilla and it doesn't have a build ID, you should add the following to your mozset.bat file set:

MOZILLA_OFFICIAL=1
set BUILD_OFFICIAL=1 

See also

Original Document Information

  • Author(s): Henrik Gemal
  • Last Updated Date: February 6, 2008
  • Copyright Information: 1995-2006 Henrik Gemal

 

ドキュメントのタグと貢献者

最終更新者: arthuredelstein,