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拡張機能のインストール後、実行時の特別なパーミッションを要求する。
 

拡張機能は強力な WebExtension API の多くにアクセスするパーミッションが必要です。manifest.json の permissions キーに必要なパーミッションを入れることで、インストール時にパーミッションを要求できます。インストール時にパーミッションを要求する主なメリットは次の通り:

  • the user is only asked once, so it's less disruptive for them and a simpler decision
  • the extension can rely on the access to the APIs it needs, because if it's running at all, the permissions have been granted.

There is not yet a simple GUI for users to view permissions of their installed WebExtension Add-ons.  Users must use about:debugging, then go to the Add-ons section, then use the "Manifest Url" link for the Add-on.  This will show raw json, which includes a "permissions" block that shows the permissions used by the addon.

With the permissions API, an extension can ask for additional permissions at runtime.These permissions need to be listed in the optional_permissions manifest.json key. Note that some permissions are not allowed in optional_permissions. The main advantages of this are:

  • the extension can run with a smaller set of permissions except when it actually needs them
  • the extension can handle permission denial in a graceful manner instead of presenting the user with a global "all or nothing" choice at install time. You can still get a lot out of that map extension without giving it access to your location, for example.
  • the extension may need host permissions, but not know at install time exactly which host permissions it needs. For example, the list of hosts may be a user setting. In this scenario, asking for a more specific range of hosts at runtime can be an alternative to asking for "<all_urls>" at install time.

To use the permissions API, decide which permissions your extension can request at runtime, and list them in optional_permissions. After this, you can request any permissions that were included in optional_permissions. Requests may only be made in the handler for a user action (for example, a click handler).
 

permissions.Permissions
Represents a set of permissions.

メソッド

permissions.contains()
Find out whether the extension has the given set of permissions.
permissions.getAll()
Get all the permissions this extension currently has.
permissions.remove()
Give up a set of permissions.
permissions.request()
Ask for a set of permissions.

Event handlers

permissions.onAdded
Fired when a new permission is granted.
permissions.onRemoved
Fired when a permission is removed.

ブラウザ実装状況

ChromeEdgeFirefoxFirefox for AndroidOpera
contains 有り 無し5555 有り
getAll 有り 無し5555 有り
onAdded 有り 無し 無し 無し 有り
onRemoved 有り 無し 無し 無し 有り
Permissions 有り 無し5555 有り
remove 有り 無し5555 有り
request 有り 無し55 *55 * 有り

Example extensions

Acknowledgements

This API is based on Chromium's chrome.permissions API.

Microsoft Edge compatibility data is supplied by Microsoft Corporation and is included here under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.

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このページの貢献者: Uemmra3
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