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The Math.trunc() function returns the integer part of a number by removing any fractional digits.

Syntax

Math.trunc(x)

Parameters

x
A number.

Return value

The integer part of the given number.

Description

Unlike the other three Math methods: Math.floor(), Math.ceil() and Math.round(), the way Math.trunc() works is very simple. It truncates (cuts off) the dot and the digits to the right of it, no matter whether the argument is a positive or negative number.

The argument passed to this method will be converted to number type implicitly.

Because trunc() is a static method of Math, you always use it as Math.trunc(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created (Math is not a constructor).

Examples

Using Math.trunc()

Math.trunc(13.37);    // 13
Math.trunc(42.84);    // 42
Math.trunc(0.123);    //  0
Math.trunc(-0.123);   // -0
Math.trunc('-1.123'); // -1
Math.trunc(NaN);      // NaN
Math.trunc('foo');    // NaN
Math.trunc();         // NaN

Polyfill

if (!Math.trunc) {
	Math.trunc = function(v) {
		v = +v;
		if (!isFinite(v)) return v;
		
		return (v - v % 1)   ||   (v < 0 ? -0 : v === 0 ? v : 0);
		
		// returns:
		//  0        ->  0
		// -0        -> -0
		//  0.2      ->  0
		// -0.2      -> -0
		//  0.7      ->  0
		// -0.7      -> -0
		//  Infinity ->  Infinity
		// -Infinity -> -Infinity
		//  NaN      ->  NaN
		//  null     ->  0
	};
}

or:

if (!Math.trunc) {
	Math.trunc = function(v) {
		v = +v;
		return (v - v % 1)   ||   (!isFinite(v) || v === 0 ? v : v < 0 ? -0 : 0);
	};
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.trunc' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.trunc' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support38 Yes25 No258
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes25 Yes8 Yes

See also

Tag del documento e collaboratori

Ultima modifica di: wbamberg,