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The Math.trunc() function returns the integer part of a number by removing any fractional digits.

Syntax

Math.trunc(x)

Parameters

x
A number.

Return value

The integer part of the given number.

Description

Unlike the other three Math methods: Math.floor(), Math.ceil() and Math.round(), the way Math.trunc() works is very simple. It truncates (cuts off) the dot and the digits to the right of it, no matter whether the argument is a positive or negative number.

The argument passed to this method will be converted to number type implicitly.

Because trunc() is a static method of Math, you always use it as Math.trunc(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created (Math is not a constructor).

Examples

Using Math.trunc()

Math.trunc(13.37);    // 13
Math.trunc(42.84);    // 42
Math.trunc(0.123);    //  0
Math.trunc(-0.123);   // -0
Math.trunc('-1.123'); // -1
Math.trunc(NaN);      // NaN
Math.trunc('foo');    // NaN
Math.trunc();         // NaN

Polyfill

if (!Math.trunc) {
	Math.trunc = function(v) {
		v = +v;
		if (!isFinite(v)) return v;
		
		return (v - v % 1)   ||   (v < 0 ? -0 : v === 0 ? v : 0);
		
		// returns:
		//  0        ->  0
		// -0        -> -0
		//  0.2      ->  0
		// -0.2      -> -0
		//  0.7      ->  0
		// -0.7      -> -0
		//  Infinity ->  Infinity
		// -Infinity -> -Infinity
		//  NaN      ->  NaN
		//  null     ->  0
	};
}

or:

if (!Math.trunc) {
	Math.trunc = function(v) {
		v = +v;
		return (v - v % 1)   ||   (!isFinite(v) || v === 0 ? v : v < 0 ? -0 : 0);
	};
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.trunc' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.trunc' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung InternetNode.js
Basic supportChrome Full support 38Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 25IE No support NoOpera Full support 25Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 25Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 0.12

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support

See also

Tag del documento e collaboratori

Ultima modifica di: wbamberg,