# Math.sqrt()

The Math.sqrt() function returns the square root of a number, that is

$∀x≥0,Math.sqrt(x)=x=the uniquey≥0such thaty2=x\forall x \geq 0, \mathtt{Math.sqrt(x)} = \sqrt{x} = \text{the unique} \; y \geq 0 \; \text{such that} \; y^2 = x$

## Syntax

Math.sqrt(x)

### Parameters

x
A number.

### Return value

The square root of the given number. If the number is negative, NaN is returned.

## Description

If the value of x is negative, Math.sqrt() returns NaN.

Because sqrt() is a static method of Math, you always use it as Math.sqrt(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created (Math is not a constructor).

## Examples

### Using Math.sqrt()

Math.sqrt(9); // 3
Math.sqrt(2); // 1.414213562373095

Math.sqrt(1);  // 1
Math.sqrt(0);  // 0
Math.sqrt(-1); // NaN
Math.sqrt(-0); // -0


## Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 1st Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.0.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.sqrt' in that specification.
Standard
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.sqrt' in that specification.
Standard
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.sqrt' in that specification.
Draft

## Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
Desktop Mobile Server Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Chrome Full support 1 Edge Full support 12 Firefox Full support 1 IE Full support 3 Opera Full support Yes Safari Full support Yes WebView Android Full support 1 Chrome Android Full support 18 Firefox Android Full support 4 Opera Android Full support Yes Safari iOS Full support Yes Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0 nodejs Full support Yes

Full support
Full support