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The text-emphasis CSS property is a shorthand property for setting text-emphasis-style and text-emphasis-color in one declaration. This property will apply the specified emphasis mark to each character of the element's text, except separator characters, like spaces,  and control characters.

/* Initial value */
text-emphasis: none; /* No emphasis marks */

/* <string> value */
text-emphasis: 'x';
text-emphasis: '点';
text-emphasis: '\25B2';
text-emphasis: '*' #555;
text-emphasis: 'foo'; /* Should NOT use. It may be computed to or rendered as 'f' only */

/* Keywords value */
text-emphasis: filled;
text-emphasis: open;
text-emphasis: filled sesame;
text-emphasis: open sesame;

/* Keywords value combined with a color */
text-emphasis: filled sesame #555;

/* Global values */
text-emphasis: inherit;
text-emphasis: initial;
text-emphasis: unset;

The text-emphasis property is quite different from text-decoration. The text-decoration property does not inherit, and the decoration specified is applied across the whole element. However, text-emphasis does inherit, which means it is possible to change emphasis marks for descendents.

The size of the emphasis symbol, like ruby symbols, is about 50% of the size of the font, and text-emphasis may affect line height when the current leading is not enough for the marks.

text-emphasis doesn't reset the value of text-emphasis-position. This is because if the style and the color of emphasis marks may vary in a text, it is extremely unlikely that their position will. In the very rare cases when this is needed, the property text-emphasis-position.

Initial valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Applies toall elements
Computed valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Animation typeas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Canonical orderorder of appearance in the formal grammar of the values



No emphasis marks.
The shape is filled with solid color. If neither filled nor open is present, this is the default.
The shape is hollow.
Display small circles as marks. The filled dot is '•' (U+2022), and the open dot is '◦' (U+25E6).
Display large circles as marks. The filled circle is '●' (U+25CF), and the open circle is '○' (U+25CB). This is the default shape in horizontal writing modes when no other shape is given.
Display double circles as marks. The filled double-circle is '◉' (U+25C9), and the open double-circle is '◎' (U+25CE).
Display triangles as marks. The filled triangle is '▲' (U+25B2), and the open triangle is '△' (U+25B3).
Display sesames as marks. The filled sesame is '﹅' (U+FE45), and the open sesame is '﹆' (U+FE46). This is the default shape in vertical writing modes when no other shape is given.
Display the given string as marks. Authors should not specify more than one character in <string>. The UA may truncate or ignore strings consisting of more than one grapheme cluster.
Defines the color of the mark. If no color is present, it defaults to currentColor.

Formal syntax

<'text-emphasis-style'> || <'text-emphasis-color'>


A heading with emphasis shape and color

This example draws a heading with triangles used to emphasize each character.


h2 {
  text-emphasis: triangle #D55;


<h2>This is important!</h2>



Specification Status Comment
CSS Text Decoration Module Level 3
The definition of 'text-emphasis' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility


FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support25 -webkit- ?


45 — 491

No15 -webkit-


6.1 -webkit-

FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic support4.4 -webkit- ? ?


45 — 491

No33 -webkit- 7.1

1. From version 45 until version 49 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.text-emphasis.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.


See also

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