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The hanging-punctuation CSS property specifies whether a punctuation mark should hang at the start or end of a line of text. Hanging punctuation may be placed outside the line box.

/* Keyword values */
hanging-punctuation: none;
hanging-punctuation: first;
hanging-punctuation: last;
hanging-punctuation: force-end;
hanging-punctuation: allow-end;

/* Two keywords */
hanging-punctuation: first force-end;
hanging-punctuation: first allow-end;
hanging-punctuation: first last;
hanging-punctuation: last force-end;
hanging-punctuation: last allow-end;

/* Three keywords */
hanging-punctuation: first force-end last;
hanging-punctuation: first allow-end last;

/* Global values */
hanging-punctuation: inherit;
hanging-punctuation: initial;
hanging-punctuation: unset;

Initial valuenone
Applies toall elements
Inheritedyes
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

The hanging-punctuation property may be specified with one, two, or three values.

  • One-value syntax uses any one of the keyword values in the list below.
  • Two-value syntax uses one of the following:
    • first together with any one of last, allow-end, or force-end
    • last together with any one of first, allow-end, or force-end
  • Three-value syntax uses one of the following:
    • first, allow-end, and last
    • first, force-end, and last

Values

none
No character hangs.
first
An opening bracket or quote at the start of the first formatted line of an element hangs.
last
A closing bracket or quote at the end of the last formatted line of an element hangs.
force-end
A stop or comma at the end of a line hangs.
allow-end
A stop or comma at the end of a line hangs if it does not otherwise fit prior to justification.

Formal syntax

none | [ first || [ force-end | allow-end ] || last ]

Example

HTML

<p>“Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Curabitur dignissim nunc mauris, et sollicitudin est scelerisque sed. Praesent laoreet tortor massa, sit amet vulputate nulla pharetra ut.”</p>

CSS

p {
  hanging-punctuation: first last;
  margin: .5rem;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Text Module Level 3
The definition of 'hanging-punctuation' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition

Tag Dokumen dan Kontributor

 Kontributor untuk laman ini: mfluehr, wbamberg, 6stringbeliever, chharvey
 Terakhir diperbarui oleh: mfluehr,