<ms>

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The MathML <ms> element represents a string literal meant to be interpreted by programming languages and computer algebra systems. By default, string literals are displayed as enclosed by double quotes (&quot;); by using the lquote and rquote attributes, you can set custom characters to display. Note that quotation marks should not be specified unless they are part of the string literal. The content of an <ms> element is not an ASCII string per se, but rather a sequence of characters and <mglyph> and <malignmark> elements.

Attributes

class, id, style
Provided for use with stylesheets.
dir
The text direction. Possible values are either ltr (left to right) or rtl (right to left).
lquote
The opening quote character (depends on dir) to enclose the content. The default value is "&quot;".
href
Used to set a hyperlink to a specified URI.
mathbackground
The background color. You can use #rgb, #rrggbb and HTML color names.
mathcolor
The text color. You can use #rgb, #rrggbb and HTML color names.
mathsize
The size of the content. See length for possible values.
Deprecated values are: small, normal and big. These will be removed in the future.
mathvariant
This attribute specifies the logical class of the identifier, which varies in typography. That is, although the names suggest the typographic style for the class, semantically, items with the same class are treated "the same" within an expression, which might or might not involve displaying them with the named typography. The following values are allowed:
  • normal (Default value) ; Example
  • bold ; Example
  • italic ; Example
  • bold-italic ; Example
  • double-struck ; Example
  • bold-fraktur ; Example
  • script ; Example
  • bold-script ; Example
  • fraktur ; Example
  • sans-serif ; Example
  • bold-sans-serif ; Example
  • sans-serif-italic ; Example
  • sans-serif-bold-italic ; Example
  • monospace ; Example
  • initial ; مثال
  • tailed ; مثال
  • looped ; مثال
  • stretched ; مثال
rquote
The closing quote mark (depends on dir) to enclose the content. The default value is "&quot;".

Examples

<math>

  <ms lquote="„" rquote="“"> abc </ms>

</math>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
MathML 3.0
The definition of 'ms' in that specification.
Recommendation Current specification
MathML 2.0
The definition of 'ms' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial specification

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
msChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 1IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
dirChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 12IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android Full support 14Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
hrefChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 7IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android Full support 7Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
mathsizeChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 1IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
mathvariantChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 28IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android Full support 28Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support

Gecko-specific notes

  • Some mathvariant values are only implemented starting with Gecko 28.0 (Firefox 28.0 / Thunderbird 28.0 / SeaMonkey 2.25) and require appropriate math fonts.