Traducción en curso

The Accept-Charset request HTTP header advertises which character set the client is able to understand. Using content negotiation, the server then selects one of the proposals, uses it and informs the client of its choice within the Content-Type response header. Browsers usually don't set this header as the default value for each content type is usually correct and transmitting it would allow easier fingerprinting.

If the server cannot serve any matching character set, it can theoretically send back a 406 (Not Acceptable) error code. But, for a better user experience, this is rarely done and the more common way is to ignore the Accept-Charset header in this case.

In early versions of HTTP/1.1, a default charset (ISO-8859-1) was defined. This is no more the case and now each content type may have its own default.

Header type Request header
Forbidden header name yes

Syntax

Accept-Charset: <charset>

// Multiple types, weighted with the quality value syntax:
Accept-Charset: utf-8, iso-8859-1;q=0.5

Directives

<charset>
Un conjunto de caracteres como utf-8 o iso-8859-15.
*
Any charset not mentioned elsewhere in the header; '*' being used as a wildcard.
;q= (q-factor weighting)
Any value is placed in an order of preference expressed using a relative quality value called the weight.

Examples

Accept-Charset: iso-8859-1

Accept-Charset: utf-8, iso-8859-1;q=0.5

Accept-Charset: utf-8, iso-8859-1;q=0.5, *;q=0.1

Especificaciones

Especificación Título
RFC 7231, section 5.3.3: Accept-Charset Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Context

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