clip-path

Experimental

Esta es una tecnología experimental
Comprueba la Tabla de compabilidad de navegadores cuidadosamente antes de usarla en producción.

La propiedad CSS clip-path proviene que una porción de un elemento se muestre definiendo una región de recorte para mostrarse, es decir, solo una parte especifica del elemento se mostrara. La región recortada es un path especificado como una URL referenciando a un SVG inline o externo, o un metodo de figura como lo es circle(). La propiedad clip-path reemplaza la ahora deprecada propiedad clip.

/* Valores clave */
clip-path: none;

/* Valores de imagen */
clip-path: url(resources.svg#c1);

/* Valores de caja */
clip-path: fill-box;
clip-path: stroke-box;
clip-path: view-box;
clip-path: margin-box;
clip-path: border-box;
clip-path: padding-box;
clip-path: content-box;

/* Valores geometricos */
clip-path: inset(100px 50px);
clip-path: circle(50px at 0 100px);
clip-path: polygon(50% 0%, 100% 50%, 50% 100%, 0% 50%);

/* Valores Geometricos y de caja combinados */
clip-path: padding-box circle(50px at 0 100px);

/* Valores globales */
clip-path: inherit;
clip-path: initial;
clip-path: unset;

Valor inicialnone
Applies toall elements; In SVG, it applies to container elements excluding the defs (en-US) element and all graphics elements
Heredableno
Percentagesrefer to reference box when specified, otherwise border-box
Valor calculadoas specified, but with url (en-US) values made absolute
Animation typeyes, as specified for basic-shape, otherwise no

Syntax

Valores

url()
Represents a URL referencing a clip path element.
 
inset(), circle(), ellipse(), polygon()
A <basic-shape> function. Such a shape will make use of the specified <geometry-box> to size and position the basic shape. If no geometry box is specified, the border-box will be used as reference box.
<geometry-box>
If specified in combination with a <basic-shape>, it provides the reference box for the basic shape. If specified by itself, it uses the edges of the specified box including any corner shaping (e.g. defined by border-radius) as clipping path. The geometry box can be one of the following values:
fill-box
Uses the object bounding box as reference box.
stroke-box
Uses the stroke bounding box as reference box.
view-box
Uses the nearest SVG viewport as reference box. If a viewBox (en-US) attribute is specified for the element creating the SVG viewport, the reference box is positioned at the origin of the coordinate system established by the viewBox attribute and the dimension of the reference box is set to the width and height values of the viewBox attribute.
margin-box
Uses the margin box as the reference box.
border-box
Uses the border box as the reference box.
padding-box
Uses the padding box as the reference box.
content-box
Uses the content box as the reference box.
none
There is no clipping path created.

Formal syntax

<clip-source> | (en-US) [ (en-US) <basic-shape> || (en-US) <geometry-box> ] (en-US) | (en-US) none

where
<clip-source> = <url> (en-US)
<basic-shape> = <inset()> | (en-US) <circle()> | (en-US) <ellipse()> | (en-US) <polygon()> | (en-US) <path()>
<geometry-box> = <shape-box> | (en-US) fill-box | (en-US) stroke-box | (en-US) view-box

where
<inset()> = inset( <length-percentage>{ (en-US)1,4} (en-US) [ (en-US) round <'border-radius'> ] (en-US)? (en-US) )
<circle()> = circle( [ (en-US) <shape-radius> ] (en-US)? (en-US) [ (en-US) at <position> (en-US) ] (en-US)? (en-US) )
<ellipse()> = ellipse( [ (en-US) <shape-radius>{ (en-US)2} (en-US) ] (en-US)? (en-US) [ (en-US) at <position> (en-US) ] (en-US)? (en-US) )
<polygon()> = polygon( <fill-rule>? (en-US) , [ (en-US) <length-percentage> <length-percentage> ] (en-US)# (en-US) )
<path()> = path( [ (en-US) <fill-rule>, ] (en-US)? (en-US) <string> (en-US) )
<shape-box> = <box> | (en-US) margin-box

where
<length-percentage> = <length> | (en-US) <percentage>
<shape-radius> = <length-percentage> | (en-US) closest-side | (en-US) farthest-side
<position> = [ (en-US) [ (en-US) left | (en-US) center | (en-US) right ] (en-US) || (en-US) [ (en-US) top | (en-US) center | (en-US) bottom ] (en-US) | (en-US) [ (en-US) left | (en-US) center | (en-US) right | (en-US) <length-percentage> ] (en-US) [ (en-US) top | (en-US) center | (en-US) bottom | (en-US) <length-percentage> ] (en-US)? (en-US) | (en-US) [ (en-US) [ (en-US) left | (en-US) right ] (en-US) <length-percentage> ] (en-US) && (en-US) [ (en-US) [ (en-US) top | (en-US) bottom ] (en-US) <length-percentage> ] (en-US) ] (en-US)
<fill-rule> = nonzero | (en-US) evenodd
<box> = border-box | (en-US) padding-box | (en-US) content-box

Examples

/* inline SVG  */
.target {
  clip-path: url(#c1);
}

/* external SVG */
.anothertarget {
  clip-path: url(resources.svg#c1);
}

/* circle */
.circleClass {
  clip-path: circle(15px at 20px 20px);
}

Live sample

HTML

<img id="clipped" src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/12668/MDN.svg"
    alt="MDN logo">
<svg height="0" width="0">
  <defs>
    <clipPath id="cross">
      <rect y="110" x="137" width="90" height="90"/>
      <rect x="0" y="110" width="90" height="90"/>
      <rect x="137" y="0" width="90" height="90"/>
      <rect x="0" y="0" width="90" height="90"/>
    </clipPath>
  </defs>
</svg>

<select id="clipPath">
  <option value="none">none</option>
  <option value="circle(100px at 110px 100px)">circle</option>
  <option value="url(#cross)" selected>cross</option>
  <option value="inset(20px round 20px)">inset</option>
</select>

CSS

#clipped {
  margin-bottom: 20px;
  clip-path: url(#cross);
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Masking Module Level 1
La definición de 'clip-path' en esta especificación.
Candidate Recommendation Extends its application to HTML elements
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.1 (Second Edition)
La definición de 'clip-path' en esta especificación.
Recommendation Initial definition (applies to SVG elements only)

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also