OffscreenCanvas.getContext()

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This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The OffscreenCanvas.getContext() method returns a drawing context for an offscreen canvas, or null if the context identifier is not supported.

Note: This API is currently implemented for WebGL1 and WebGL2 contexts only. See bug 801176 for Canvas 2D API support from workers.

Syntax

offscreen.getContext(contextType, contextAttributes);

Parameters

contextType
Is a DOMString containing the context identifier defining the drawing context associated to the canvas. Possible values are:
  • "2d" creates a CanvasRenderingContext2D object representing a two-dimensional rendering context.
  • "webgl" creates a WebGLRenderingContext object representing a three-dimensional rendering context. This context is only available on browsers that implement WebGL version 1 (OpenGL ES 2.0).
  • "webgl2" creates a WebGL2RenderingContext object representing a three-dimensional rendering context. This context is only available on browsers that implement WebGL version 2 (OpenGL ES 3.0).
  • "bitmaprenderer" creates a ImageBitmapRenderingContext which only provides functionality to replace the content of the canvas with a given ImageBitmap.

Note: The identifiers "experimental-webgl" or "experimental-webgl2" are also used in implementations of WebGL. These implementations have not reached test suite conformance, or the graphic drivers situation on the platform is not yet stable. The Khronos Group certifies WebGL implementations under certain conformance rules.

contextAttributes

You can use several context attributes when creating your rendering context, for example:

offscreen.getContext("webgl", 
                 { antialias: false,
                   depth: false });
2d context attributes:
  • alpha: Boolean that indicates if the canvas contains an alpha channel. If set to false, the browser now knows that the backdrop is always opaque, which can speed up drawing of transparent content and images then.
  • (Gecko only) willReadFrequently: Boolean that indicates whether or not a lot of read-back operations are planned. This will force the use of a software (instead of hardware accelerated) 2D canvas and can save memory when calling getImageData() frequently. This option is only available, if the flag gfx.canvas.willReadFrequently.enable is set to true (which, by default, is only the case for B2G/Firefox OS).
  • (Blink only) storage: String that indicates which storage is used ("persistent" by default).
WebGL context attributes:
  • alpha: Boolean that indicates if the canvas contains an alpha buffer.
  • depth: Boolean that indicates that the drawing buffer has a depth buffer of at least 16 bits.
  • stencil: Boolean that indicates that the drawing buffer has a stencil buffer of at least 8 bits.
  • antialias: Boolean that indicates whether or not to perform anti-aliasing.
  • premultipliedAlpha: Boolean that indicates that the page compositor will assume the drawing buffer contains colors with pre-multiplied alpha.
  • preserveDrawingBuffer: If the value is true the buffers will not be cleared and will preserve their values until cleared or overwritten by the author.
  • failIfMajorPerformanceCaveat: Boolean that indicates if a context will be created if the system performance is low.

Return value

A RenderingContext which is either a

If the contextType doesn't match a possible drawing context, null is returned.

Examples

var offscreen = new OffscreenCanvas(256, 256);
var gl = offscreen.getContext("webgl");

gl; // WebGLRenderingContext
gl.canvas; // OffscreenCanvas

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'OffscreenCanvas.getContext()' in that specification.
Living Standard  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic support
Experimental
Chrome Full support 69Edge ? Firefox Full support 44
Disabled
Full support 44
Disabled
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the gfx.offscreencanvas.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 56Safari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 69Edge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 44
Disabled
Full support 44
Disabled
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the gfx.offscreencanvas.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
WebGL context
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge ? Firefox Full support 44
Disabled
Full support 44
Disabled
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the gfx.offscreencanvas.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 44
Disabled
Full support 44
Disabled
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the gfx.offscreencanvas.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
webgl2 context
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge ? Firefox Full support 44
Disabled
Full support 44
Disabled
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the gfx.offscreencanvas.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 44
Disabled
Full support 44
Disabled
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the gfx.offscreencanvas.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
2d context
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge ? Firefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile ? Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
bitmaprenderer context
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge ? Firefox Full support 46
Disabled
Full support 46
Disabled
Disabled From version 46: this feature is behind the gfx.offscreencanvas.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile ? Firefox Android Full support 46
Disabled
Full support 46
Disabled
Disabled From version 46: this feature is behind the gfx.offscreencanvas.enabled preference. To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also

Etiquetas y colaboradores del documento

Colaboradores en esta página: mfluehr, sideshowbarker, fscholz, adria
Última actualización por: mfluehr,