FileList

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An object of this type is returned by the files property of the HTML <input> element; this lets you access the list of files selected with the <input type="file"> element. It's also used for a list of files dropped into web content when using the drag and drop API; see the DataTransfer object for details on this usage.

Note: Prior to Gecko 1.9.2, the input element only supported a single file being selected at a time, meaning that the FileList would contain only one file. Starting with Gecko 1.9.2, if the input element's multiple attribute is true, the FileList may contain multiple files.

Using the file list

All <input> element nodes have a files array on them which allows access to the items in this list. For example, if the HTML includes the following file input:

<input id="fileItem" type="file">

The following line of code fetches the first file in the node's file list as a File object:

var file = document.getElementById('fileItem').files[0];

Method overview

File item(index);

Propiedades

Atributo Tipo Descripción
length integer A read-only value indicating the number of files in the list.

Métodos

item()

Returns a File object representing the file at the specified index in the file list.

 File item(
   index
 );
Parameters
index
The zero-based index of the file to retrieve from the list.
Return value

The File representing the requested file.

Ejemplo

Este ejemplo itera por todos los archivos seleccionados por el usuario, utilizando un elemento de tipo input

// fileInput is an HTML input element: <input type="file" id="myfileinput" multiple>
var fileInput = document.getElementById("myfileinput");

// files is a FileList object (similar to NodeList)
var files = fileInput.files;
var file;

// loop through files
for (var i = 0; i < files.length; i++) {

    // get item
    file = files.item(i);
    //or
    file = files[i];

    alert(file.name);
}

Aquí un ejemplo completo.

<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
</head>
<body>
<!--multiple is set to allow multiple files to be selected-->

<input id="myfiles" multiple type="file">

</body>

<script>

var pullfiles=function(){ 
    // love the query selector
    var fileInput = document.querySelector("#myfiles");
    var files = fileInput.files;
    // cache files.length 
    var fl=files.length;
    var i=0;

    while ( i < fl) {
        // localize file var in the loop
        var file = files[i];
        alert(file.name);
        i++;
    }    
}

// set the input element onchange to call pullfiles
document.querySelector("#myfiles").onchange=pullfiles;

//a.t
</script>

</html>

Specification

See also

Etiquetas y colaboradores del documento

 Colaboradores en esta página: Ferrmolina
 Última actualización por: Ferrmolina,