Intl.RelativeTimeFormat() constructor

The Intl.RelativeTimeFormat() constructor creates Intl.RelativeTimeFormat objects.

Syntax

new Intl.RelativeTimeFormat([locales[, options]]) 

Parameters

locales

Optional. A string with a BCP 47 language tag, or an array of such strings. For the general form and interpretation of the locales argument, see the Intl page.

options
Optional. An object with some or all of the following properties:
  • localeMatcher
    The locale matching algorithm to use. Possible values are "lookup" and "best fit"; the default is "best fit". For information about this option, see Intl.
  • numeric
    The format of output message. Possible values are:
    • "always" (default, e.g., 1 day ago),
    • or "auto" (e.g., yesterday). The "auto" value allows to not always have to use numeric values in the output.
  • style
    The length of the internationalized message. Possible values are:
    • "long" (default, e.g., in 1 month)
    • "short" (e.g., in 1 mo.),
    • or "narrow" (e.g., in 1 mo.). The narrow style could be similar to the short style for some locales.

Examples

Basic format usage

The following example shows how to create a relative time formatter using the English language.

// Create a relative time formatter in your locale
// with default values explicitly passed in.
const rtf = new Intl.RelativeTimeFormat("en", {
    localeMatcher: "best fit", // other values: "lookup"
    numeric: "always", // other values: "auto"
    style: "long", // other values: "short" or "narrow"
});

// Format relative time using negative value (-1).
rtf.format(-1, "day");
// > "1 day ago"

// Format relative time using positive  value (1).
rtf.format(1, "day");
// > "in 1 day"

Using the auto option

If numeric:auto option is passed, it will produce the string yesterday or tomorrow instead of 1 day ago or in 1 day. This allows to not always have to use numeric values in the output.

// Create a relative time formatter in your locale
// with numeric: "auto" option value passed in.
const rtf = new Intl.RelativeTimeFormat("en", { numeric: "auto" });

// Format relative time using negative value (-1).
rtf.format(-1, "day");
// > "yesterday"

// Format relative time using positive day unit (1).
rtf.format(1, "day");
// > "tomorrow"

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Internationalization API 4.0 (ECMA-402)
The definition of 'RelativeTimeFormat()' in that specification.
Stage 4

Browser compatibility

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DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
RelativeTimeFormat() constructorChrome Full support 71Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 65IE No support NoOpera Full support 58Safari No support NoWebView Android Full support 71Chrome Android Full support 71Firefox Android Full support 65Opera Android Full support 50Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 10.0nodejs Full support 12.0.0

Legend

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See also