Date.prototype.toLocaleFormat()

Non-standard
This feature is non-standard and is not on a standards track. Do not use it on production sites facing the Web: it will not work for every user. There may also be large incompatibilities between implementations and the behavior may change in the future.

The non-standard toLocaleFormat() method converts a date to a string using the specified formatting. Intl.DateTimeFormat is an alternative to format dates in a standards-compliant way. See also the newer version of Date.prototype.toLocaleDateString().

Syntax

dateObj.toLocaleFormat(formatString)

Parameters

formatString
A format string in the same format expected by the strftime() function in C.

Description

The toLocaleFormat() method provides greater software control over the formatting of the generated date and/or time. Names for months and days of the week are localized using the operating system's locale. However, ordering of the day and month and other localization tasks are not handled automatically since you have control over the order in which they occur. You should take care that the format string is localized properly according to the user's system settings. Be aware that the locale used is not necessarily the same as the locale of the browser.

Extension and XULRunner developers should know that just loading the format string from a .dtd or .properties file using a chrome://somedomain/locale/somefile.ext URI should be avoided, as the .dtd/.properties file and the toLocaleFormat() method does not not necessarily use the same locale, which could result in odd looking or even ambiguous or unreadable dates.

Also note that the behavior of the used locale depends on the platform, and the user might customize the locale used, so using the system locale the choose the format string might in some cases not even be adequate. You might consider using some of the more general toLocale* methods of the Date object or doing your own custom localization of the date to be displayed using some of the get* methods of the Date object instead of using this method.

Examples

Using toLocaleFormat()

var today = new Date();
var date = today.toLocaleFormat('%A, %B %e, %Y'); // Bad example

In this example, toLocaleFormat() returns a string such as "Wednesday, October 3, 2007". Note that the format string in this example is not properly localized, which will result in the problems described above.

Polyfill

When using the DateJS library you can polyfill Date.prototype.toLocaleDateString() like this:

if (!Date.prototype.toLocaleFormat) {
    (function() {
        Date.prototype.toLocaleFormat = function(formatString) {
            return this.format(formatString);
        };
    }());
}

Specifications

Not part of any specification. Implemented in JavaScript 1.6.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support ? (Yes) Not supported ? ?
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? (Yes) ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: fscholz,
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