Feature-Policy

Experimental

This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

Warning

The header has now been renamed to Permissions-Policy in the spec, and this article will eventually be updated to reflect that change.

The HTTP Feature-Policy header provides a mechanism to allow and deny the use of browser features in its own frame, and in content within any <iframe> elements in the document.

For more information, see the main Feature Policy article.

Header type Response header
Forbidden header name yes

Syntax

Feature-Policy: <directive> <allowlist>
<directive>
The Feature Policy directive to apply the allowlist to. See Directives below for a list of the permitted directive names.
<allowlist>

An allowlist is a list of origins that takes one or more of the following values, separated by spaces:

  • *: The feature will be allowed in this document, and all nested browsing contexts (iframes) regardless of their origin.
  • 'self': The feature will be allowed in this document, and in all nested browsing contexts (iframes) in the same origin. The feature is not allowed in cross-origin documents in nested browsing contexts.
  • 'src': (In an iframe allow attribute only) The feature will be allowed in this iframe, as long as the document loaded into it comes from the same origin as the URL in the iframe's src attribute.
    The 'src' origin is used in the iframe allow attribute only, and is the default allowlist value. 
  • 'none': The feature is disabled in top-level and nested browsing contexts.
  • <origin(s)>: The feature is allowed for specific origins (for example, https://example.com). Origins should be separated by a space.

The values * (enable for all origins) or 'none' (disable for all origins) may only be used alone, while 'self' and 'src' may be used with one or more origins.

Features have a default allowlist, which is one of: *, 'self', or 'none'.

Directives

accelerometer
Controls whether the current document is allowed to gather information about the acceleration of the device through the Accelerometer interface.
ambient-light-sensor
Controls whether the current document is allowed to gather information about the amount of light in the environment around the device through the AmbientLightSensor interface.
autoplay
Controls whether the current document is allowed to autoplay media requested through the HTMLMediaElement interface. When this policy is disabled and there were no user gestures, the Promise returned by HTMLMediaElement.play() will reject with a DOMException. The autoplay attribute on <audio> and <video> elements will be ignored.
battery
Controls whether the use of the Battery Status API is allowed. When this policy is disabled, the Promise returned by Navigator.getBattery() will reject with a NotAllowedError DOMException.
camera
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use video input devices. When this policy is disabled, the Promise returned by getUserMedia() will reject with a NotAllowedError DOMException.
display-capture
Controls whether or not the current document is permitted to use the getDisplayMedia() method to capture screen contents. When this policy is disabled, the promise returned by getDisplayMedia() will reject with a NotAllowedError if permission is not obtained to capture the display's contents.
document-domain
Controls whether the current document is allowed to set document.domain. When this policy is disabled, attempting to set document.domain will fail and cause a SecurityError DOMException to be thrown.
encrypted-media
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use the Encrypted Media Extensions API (EME). When this policy is disabled, the Promise returned by Navigator.requestMediaKeySystemAccess() will reject with a DOMException.
execution-while-not-rendered
Controls whether tasks should execute in frames while they're not being rendered (e.g. if an iframe is hidden or display: none).
execution-while-out-of-viewport
Controls whether tasks should execute in frames while they're outside of the visible viewport.
fullscreen
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use Element.requestFullScreen(). When this policy is disabled, the returned Promise rejects with a TypeError.
geolocation
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use the Geolocation Interface. When this policy is disabled, calls to getCurrentPosition() and watchPosition() will cause those functions' callbacks to be invoked with a GeolocationPositionError code of PERMISSION_DENIED.
gyroscope
Controls whether the current document is allowed to gather information about the orientation of the device through the Gyroscope interface.
layout-animations
Controls whether the current document is allowed to show layout animations.
legacy-image-formats
Controls whether the current document is allowed to display images in legacy formats.
magnetometer
Controls whether the current document is allowed to gather information about the orientation of the device through the Magnetometer interface.
microphone
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use audio input devices. When this policy is disabled, the Promise returned by MediaDevices.getUserMedia() will reject with a NotAllowedError.
midi
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use the Web MIDI API. When this policy is disabled, the Promise returned by Navigator.requestMIDIAccess() will reject with a DOMException.
navigation-override
Controls the availability of mechanisms that enables the page author to take control over the behavior of spatial navigation, or to cancel it outright.
oversized-images
Controls whether the current document is allowed to download and display large images.
payment
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use the Payment Request API. When this policy is enabled, the PaymentRequest() constructor will throw a SecurityError DOMException.
picture-in-picture
Controls whether the current document is allowed to play a video in a Picture-in-Picture mode via the corresponding API.
publickey-credentials-get
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use the Web Authentication API to retrieve already stored public-key credentials, i.e. via navigator.credentials.get({publicKey: ..., ...}).
sync-xhr
Controls whether the current document is allowed to make synchronous XMLHttpRequest requests.
unoptimized-images
Controls whether the current document is allowed to download and display unoptimized images.
unsized-media
Controls whether the current document is allowed to change the size of media elements after the initial layout is complete.
usb
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use the WebUSB API.
vibrate
Controls whether the current document is allowed to trigger device vibrations via Navigator.vibrate() method of Vibration API.
vr
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use the WebVR API. When this policy is disabled, the Promise returned by Navigator.getVRDisplays() will reject with a DOMException. Keep in mind that the WebVR standard is in the process of being replaced with WebXR.
screen-wake-lock
Controls whether the current document is allowed to use Screen Wake Lock API to indicate that device should not turn off or dim the screen.
web-share
Controls whether or not the current document is allowed to use the Navigator.share() of Web Share API to share text, links, images, and other content to arbitrary destinations of user's choice, e.g. mobile apps.
xr-spatial-tracking
Controls whether or not the current document is allowed to use the WebXR Device API to interact with a WebXR session.

Example

SecureCorp Inc. wants to disable Microphone and Geolocation APIs in its application. It can do so by delivering the following HTTP response header to define a feature policy:

Feature-Policy: microphone 'none'; geolocation 'none'

By specifying the 'none' keyword for the origin list, the specified features will be disabled for all browsing contexts (this includes all iframes), regardless of their origin.

Specifications

Specification
Permissions Policy

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also