<picture>: The Picture element
<picture> HTML element contains zero or more
<source> elements and one
<img> element to offer alternative versions of an image for different display/device scenarios.
The browser will consider each child
<source> element and choose the best match among them. If no matches are found—or the browser doesn't support the
<picture> element—the URL of the
src attribute is selected. The selected image is then presented in the space occupied by the
To decide which URL to load, the user agent examines each
type attributes to select a compatible image that best matches the current layout and capabilities of the display device.
<img> element serves two purposes:
- It describes the size and other attributes of the image and its presentation.
- It provides a fallback in case none of the offered
<source>elements are able to provide a usable image.
Common use cases for
- Art direction. Cropping or modifying images for different
mediaconditions (for example, loading a simpler version of an image which has too many details, on smaller displays).
- Offering alternative image formats, for cases where certain formats are not supported.
Note: For example, newer formats like AVIF or WEBP have many advantages, but might not be supported by the browser. A list of supported image formats can be found in: Image file type and format guide.
- Saving bandwidth and speeding page load times by loading the most appropriate image for the viewer's display.
If providing higher-density versions of an image for high-DPI (Retina) display, use
srcset on the
<img> element instead. This lets browsers opt for lower-density versions in data-saving modes, and you don't have to write explicit
|Content categories||Flow content, phrasing content, embedded content|
Zero or more
|Tag omission||None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.|
|Permitted parents||Any element that allows embedded content.|
|Implicit ARIA role||No corresponding role|
|Permitted ARIA roles||No
This element includes only global attributes.
You can use the
object-position property to adjust the positioning of the image within the element's frame, and the
object-fit property to control how the image is resized to fit within the frame.
Note: Use these properties on the child
<img> element, not the
These examples demonstrate how different attributes of the
<source> element change the selection of the image inside
The media attribute
media attribute specifies a media condition (similar to a media query) that the user agent will evaluate for each
<source>'s media condition evaluates to
false, the browser skips it and evaluates the next element inside
<picture> <source srcset="mdn-logo-wide.png" media="(min-width: 600px)" /> <img src="mdn-logo-narrow.png" alt="MDN" /> </picture>
The srcset attribute
The srcset attribute is used to offer list of possible images based on size.
It is composed of a comma-separated list of image descriptors. Each image descriptor is composed of a URL of the image, and either:
a width descriptor, followed by a
- a pixel density descriptor, followed by an
2x) to serve a high-res image for high-DPI screens.
<picture> <source srcset="logo-768.png, logo-768-1.5x.png 1.5x" /> <img src="logo-320.png" alt="logo" /> </picture>
The type attribute
type attribute specifies a MIME type for the resource URL(s) in the
srcset attribute. If the user agent does not support the given type, the
<source> element is skipped.
<picture> <source srcset="photo.avif" type="image/avif" /> <source srcset="photo.webp" type="image/webp" /> <img src="photo.jpg" alt="photo" /> </picture>
|HTML Standard |
BCD tables only load in the browser
- Positioning and sizing the picture within its frame:
- Image file type and format guide