<button>

  • Revision slug: HTML/Element/button
  • Revision title: <button>
  • Revision id: 352475
  • Created:
  • Creator: wlach
  • Is current revision? No
  • Comment

Revision Content

Summary

The HTML <button> Element represents a clickable button.

Attributes

This element includes the global attributes.

{{htmlattrdef("autofocus")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}
This Boolean attribute lets you specify that the button should have input focus when the page loads, unless the user overrides it, for example by typing in a different control. Only one form-associated element in a document can have this attribute specified.
{{htmlattrdef("disabled")}}
This Boolean attribute indicates that the user cannot interact with the button. If this attribute is not specified, the button inherits its setting from the containing element, for example {{HTMLElement("fieldset")}}; if there is no containing element with the disabled attribute set, then the button is enabled.
{{htmlattrdef("form")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}
The form element that the button is associated with (its form owner). The value of the attribute must be the id attribute of a {{HTMLElement("form")}} element in the same document. If this attribute is not specified, the <button> element must be a descendant of a form element. This attribute enables you to place <button> elements anywhere within a document, not just as descendants of their {{HTMLElement("form")}} elements.
{{htmlattrdef("formaction")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}
The URI of a program that processes the information submitted by the button. If specified, it overrides the {{htmlattrxref("action","form")}} attribute of the button's form owner.
{{htmlattrdef("formenctype")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}
If the button is a submit button, this attribute specifies the type of content that is used to submit the form to the server. Possible values are:
  • application/x-www-form-urlencoded: The default value if the attribute is not specified.
  • multipart/form-data: Use this value if you are using an {{HTMLElement("input")}} element with the {{htmlattrxref("type","input")}} attribute set to file.
  • text/plain

If this attribute is specified, it overrides the {{htmlattrxref("enctype","form")}} attribute of the button's form owner.

{{htmlattrdef("formmethod")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}
If the button is a submit button, this attribute specifies the HTTP method that the browser uses to submit the form. Possible values are:
  • post: The data from the form is included in the body of the form and is sent to the server.
  • get: The data from the form are appended to the form attribute URI, with a '?' as a separator, and the resulting URI is sent to the server. Use this method when the form has no side-effects and contains only ASCII characters.

If specified, this attribute overrides the {{htmlattrxref("method","form")}} attribute of the button's form owner.

{{htmlattrdef("formnovalidate")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}
If the button is a submit button, this Boolean attribute specifies that the form is not to be validated when it is submitted. If this attribute is specified, it overrides the {{htmlattrxref("novalidate","form")}} attribute of the button's form owner.
{{htmlattrdef("formtarget")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}
If the button is a submit button, this attribute is a name or keyword indicating where to display the response that is received after submitting the form. This is a name of, or keyword for, a browsing context (for example, tab, window, or inline frame). If this attribute is specified, it overrides the {{htmlattrxref("target", "form")}} attribute of the button's form owner. The following keywords have special meanings:
  • _self: Load the response into the same browsing context as the current one. This value is the default if the attribute is not specified.
  • _blank: Load the response into a new unnamed browsing context.
  • _parent: Load the response into the parent browsing context of the current one. If there is no parent, this option behaves the same way as _self.
  • _top: Load the response into the top-level browsing context (that is, the browsing context that is an ancestor of the current one, and has no parent). If there is no parent, this option behaves the same way as _self.
{{htmlattrdef("name")}}
The name of the button, which submitted with the form data.
{{htmlattrdef("type")}}
The type of the button. Possible values are:
  • submit: The button submits the form data to the server. This is the default if the attribute is not specified, or if the attribute is dynamically changed to an empty or invalid value.
  • reset: The button resets all the controls to their initial values.
  • button: The button has no default behavior. It can have client-side scripts associated with the element's events, which are triggered when the events occur.
{{htmlattrdef("value")}}
The initial value of the button.

Example

<button name="button">Click me</button>

{{ EmbedLiveSample('Example', 200, 64) }}

Please note that this button has CSS applied.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
{{SpecName('HTML WHATWG', 'the-button-element.html#the-button-element', '<button>')}} {{Spec2('HTML WHATWG')}}  
{{SpecName('HTML5 W3C', 'the-b-element.html#the-button-element', '<button>')}} {{Spec2('HTML5 W3C')}}  
{{SpecName('HTML4.01', 'interact/forms.html#h-17.5', '<button>')}} {{Spec2('HTML4.01')}}  

Browser compatibility

{{CompatibilityTable}}

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 1.0 {{CompatGeckoDesktop("1.0")}} {{CompatVersionUnknown}} {{CompatVersionUnknown}} {{CompatVersionUnknown}}
formaction attribute {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatGeckoDesktop("2.0")}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}}
formenctype attribute {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatGeckoDesktop("2.0")}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}}
formmethod attribute {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatGeckoDesktop("2.0")}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}}
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support {{CompatVersionUnknown}} {{CompatGeckoMobile("1.0")}} {{CompatVersionUnknown}} {{CompatVersionUnknown}} {{CompatVersionUnknown}}
formaction attribute {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatGeckoMobile("2.0")}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}}
formenctype attribute {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatGeckoMobile("2.0")}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}}
formmethod attribute {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatGeckoMobile("2.0")}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}} {{CompatUnknown}}

Notes

<button> elements are much easier to style than {{HTMLElement("input")}} elements. You can add inner HTML content (think <em>, <strong> or even <img>), and make use of {{Cssxref(":after")}} and {{Cssxref(":before")}} pseudo-element to achieve complex rendering while {{HTMLElement("input")}} only accept a text value attribute.

IE7 has a bug where when submitting a form with <button type="submit" name="myButton" value="foo">Click me</button>, the POST data sent will result in myButton=Click me instead of myButton=foo.
IE6 has an even worse bug where submitting a form through a button will submit ALL buttons of the form, with the same bug as IE7
This bug has been fixed in IE8

Firefox will add, for accessibility purposes, a small dotted border on a focused button. This border is declared through CSS, in the browser stylesheet, but you can override it if necessary to add your own focused style using button::-moz-focus-inner { }

See also

Other elements that are used for creating forms: {{HTMLElement("form")}}, {{HTMLElement("datalist")}}, {{HTMLElement("fieldset")}}, {{HTMLElement("input")}},{{HTMLElement("keygen")}}, {{HTMLElement("label")}}, {{HTMLElement("legend")}}, {{HTMLElement("meter")}}, {{HTMLElement("optgroup")}}, {{HTMLElement("option")}}, {{HTMLElement("output")}}, {{HTMLElement("progress")}}, {{HTMLElement("select")}}, {{HTMLElement("textarea")}}.

{{HTML:Element_Navigation}}

Revision Source

<h2 id="Summary">Summary</h2>
<p>The <strong>HTML <em><code>&lt;button&gt;</code></em> Element</strong> represents a clickable button.</p>
<ul class="htmlelt">
  <li><dfn><a href="/en-US/docs/HTML/Content_categories" title="HTML/Content_categories">Content categories</a></dfn> <a href="/en-US/docs/HTML/Content_categories#Flow_content" title="HTML/Content categories#Flow content">Flow content</a>, <a href="/en-US/docs/HTML/Content_categories#Phrasing_content" title="HTML/Content categories#Phrasing content">phrasing content</a>, <a href="/en-US/docs/HTML/Content_categories#Interactive_content" title="HTML/Content categories#Interactive content">Interactive content</a>, <a href="/en-US/docs/HTML/Content_categories#Form_listed" title="HTML/Content categories#Form listed">listed</a>, <a href="/en-US/docs/HTML/Content_categories#Form_labelable" title="HTML/Content categories#Form labelable">labelable</a>, and <a href="/en-US/docs/HTML/Content_categories#Form_submittable" title="HTML/Content categories#Form submittable">submittable</a>&nbsp;<a href="/en-US/docs/HTML/Content_categories#Form-associated_" title="HTML/Content categories#Form-associated ">form-associated</a> element, palpable content.</li>
  <li><dfn>Permitted content</dfn> <a href="/en-US/docs/HTML/Content_categories#Phrasing_content" title="HTML/Content_categories#Phrasing_content">Phrasing content</a>.</li>
  <li><dfn>Tag omission</dfn> {{no_tag_omission}}</li>
  <li><dfn>Permitted parent elements</dfn> Any element that accepts <a href="/en-US/docs/HTML/Content_categories#Phrasing_content" title="HTML/Content_categories#Phrasing_content">phrasing content</a>.</li>
  <li><dfn>DOM interface</dfn> {{domxref("HTMLButtonElement")}}</li>
</ul>
<h2 id="Attributes">Attributes</h2>
<p><span style="line-height: 21px;">This element includes the&nbsp;</span><a href="https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/HTML/Global_attributes" style="line-height: 21px;" title="HTML/Global attributes">global attributes</a><span style="line-height: 21px;">.</span></p>
<dl>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("autofocus")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}</dt>
  <dd>
    This Boolean attribute lets you specify that the button should have input focus when the page loads, unless the user overrides it, for example by typing in a different control. Only one form-associated element in a document can have this attribute specified.</dd>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("disabled")}}</dt>
  <dd>
    This Boolean attribute indicates that the user cannot interact with the button. If this attribute is not specified, the button inherits its setting from the containing element, for example {{HTMLElement("fieldset")}}; if there is no containing element with the <strong>disabled</strong> attribute set, then the button is enabled.</dd>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("form")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}</dt>
  <dd>
    The form element that the button is associated with (its <em>form owner</em>). The value of the attribute must be the <strong>id</strong> attribute of a {{HTMLElement("form")}} element in the same document. If this attribute is not specified, the <code>&lt;button&gt;</code> element must be a descendant of a form element. This attribute enables you to place <code>&lt;button&gt;</code> elements anywhere within a document, not just as descendants of their {{HTMLElement("form")}} elements.</dd>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("formaction")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}</dt>
  <dd>
    The URI of a program that processes the information submitted by the button. If specified, it overrides the {{htmlattrxref("action","form")}} attribute of the button's form owner.</dd>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("formenctype")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}</dt>
  <dd>
    If the button is a submit button, this attribute specifies the type of content that is used to submit the form to the server. Possible values are:
    <ul>
      <li><code>application/x-www-form-urlencoded</code>: The default value if the attribute is not specified.</li>
      <li><code>multipart/form-data</code>: Use this value if you are using an {{HTMLElement("input")}} element with the {{htmlattrxref("type","input")}} attribute set to <code>file</code>.</li>
      <li><code>text/plain</code></li>
    </ul>
    <p>If this attribute is specified, it overrides the {{htmlattrxref("enctype","form")}} attribute of the button's form owner.</p>
  </dd>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("formmethod")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}</dt>
  <dd>
    If the button is a submit button, this attribute specifies the HTTP method that the browser uses to submit the form. Possible values are:
    <ul>
      <li><code>post</code>: The data from the form is included in the body of the form and is sent to the server.</li>
      <li><code>get</code>: The data from the form are appended to the <strong>form</strong> attribute URI, with a '?' as a separator, and the resulting URI is sent to the server. Use this method when the form has no side-effects and contains only ASCII characters.</li>
    </ul>
    <p>If specified, this attribute overrides the {{htmlattrxref("method","form")}} attribute of the button's form owner.</p>
  </dd>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("formnovalidate")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}</dt>
  <dd>
    If the button is a submit button, this Boolean attribute specifies that the form is not to be validated when it is submitted. If this attribute is specified, it overrides the {{htmlattrxref("novalidate","form")}} attribute of the button's form owner.</dd>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("formtarget")}} {{HTMLVersionInline(5)}}</dt>
  <dd>
    If the button is a submit button, this attribute is a name or keyword indicating where to display the response that is received after submitting the form. This is a name of, or keyword for, a <em>browsing context</em> (for example, tab, window, or inline frame). If this attribute is specified, it overrides the {{htmlattrxref("target", "form")}} attribute of the button's form owner. The following keywords have special meanings:
    <ul>
      <li><code>_self</code>: Load the response into the same browsing context as the current one. This value is the default if the attribute is not specified.</li>
      <li><code>_blank</code>: Load the response into a new unnamed browsing context.</li>
      <li><code>_parent</code>: Load the response into the parent browsing context of the current one. If there is no parent, this option behaves the same way as <code>_self</code>.</li>
      <li><code>_top</code>: Load the response into the top-level browsing context (that is, the browsing context that is an ancestor of the current one, and has no parent). If there is no parent, this option behaves the same way as <code>_self</code>.</li>
    </ul>
  </dd>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("name")}}</dt>
  <dd>
    The name of the button, which submitted with the form data.</dd>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("type")}}</dt>
  <dd>
    The type of the button. Possible values are:
    <ul>
      <li><code>submit</code>: The button submits the form data to the server. This is the default if the attribute is not specified, or if the attribute is dynamically changed to an empty or invalid value.</li>
      <li><code>reset</code>: The button resets all the controls to their initial values.</li>
      <li><code>button</code>: The button has no default behavior. It can have client-side scripts associated with the element's events, which are triggered when the events occur.</li>
    </ul>
  </dd>
  <dt>
    {{htmlattrdef("value")}}</dt>
  <dd>
    The initial value of the button.</dd>
</dl>
<h2 id="Example" name="Example">Example</h2>
<pre class="brush:html">
&lt;button name="button"&gt;Click me&lt;/button&gt;
</pre>
<p>{{ EmbedLiveSample('Example', 200, 64) }}</p>
<p>Please note that this button has CSS applied.</p>
<h2 id="Specifications" name="Specifications">Specifications</h2>
<table class="standard-table">
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <th scope="col">Specification</th>
      <th scope="col">Status</th>
      <th scope="col">Comment</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <td>{{SpecName('HTML WHATWG', 'the-button-element.html#the-button-element', '&lt;button&gt;')}}</td>
      <td>{{Spec2('HTML WHATWG')}}</td>
      <td>&nbsp;</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>{{SpecName('HTML5 W3C', 'the-b-element.html#the-button-element', '&lt;button&gt;')}}</td>
      <td>{{Spec2('HTML5 W3C')}}</td>
      <td>&nbsp;</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>{{SpecName('HTML4.01', 'interact/forms.html#h-17.5', '&lt;button&gt;')}}</td>
      <td>{{Spec2('HTML4.01')}}</td>
      <td>&nbsp;</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>
<h2 id="Browser_compatibility">Browser compatibility</h2>
<p>{{CompatibilityTable}}</p>
<div id="compat-desktop">
  <table class="compat-table">
    <tbody>
      <tr>
        <th>Feature</th>
        <th>Chrome</th>
        <th>Firefox (Gecko)</th>
        <th>Internet Explorer</th>
        <th>Opera</th>
        <th>Safari</th>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Basic support</td>
        <td>1.0</td>
        <td>{{CompatGeckoDesktop("1.0")}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatVersionUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatVersionUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatVersionUnknown}}</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td><code>formaction</code> attribute</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatGeckoDesktop("2.0")}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td><code>formenctype</code> attribute</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatGeckoDesktop("2.0")}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td><code>formmethod</code> attribute</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatGeckoDesktop("2.0")}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
      </tr>
    </tbody>
  </table>
</div>
<div id="compat-mobile">
  <table class="compat-table">
    <tbody>
      <tr>
        <th>Feature</th>
        <th>Android</th>
        <th>Firefox Mobile (Gecko)</th>
        <th>IE Mobile</th>
        <th>Opera Mobile</th>
        <th>Safari Mobile</th>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Basic support</td>
        <td>{{CompatVersionUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatGeckoMobile("1.0")}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatVersionUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatVersionUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatVersionUnknown}}</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td><code>formaction</code> attribute</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatGeckoMobile("2.0")}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td><code>formenctype</code> attribute</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatGeckoMobile("2.0")}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td><code>formmethod</code> attribute</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatGeckoMobile("2.0")}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
        <td>{{CompatUnknown}}</td>
      </tr>
    </tbody>
  </table>
</div>
<h2 id="Notes">Notes</h2>
<p><code>&lt;button&gt;</code> elements are much easier to style than {{HTMLElement("input")}} elements. You can add inner HTML content (think <code>&lt;em&gt;</code>, <code>&lt;strong&gt;</code> or even <code>&lt;img&gt;</code>), and make use of {{Cssxref(":after")}} and {{Cssxref(":before")}} pseudo-element to achieve complex rendering while {{HTMLElement("input")}} only accept a text value attribute.</p>
<p>IE7 has a bug where when submitting a form with <code>&lt;button type="submit" name="myButton" value="foo"&gt;Click me&lt;/button&gt;</code>, the <code>POST</code> data sent will result in <code>myButton=Click me</code> instead of <code>myButton=foo</code>.<br />
  IE6 has an even worse bug where submitting a form through a button will submit ALL buttons of the form, with the same bug as IE7<br />
  This bug has been fixed in IE8</p>
<p>Firefox will add, for accessibility purposes, a small dotted border on a focused button. This border is declared through CSS, in the browser stylesheet, but you can override it if necessary to add your own focused style using <code>button<span class="sy0">:</span><span class="re2">:-moz-focus-inner { }</span></code></p>
<h2 id="See_also">See also</h2>
<p>Other elements that are used for creating forms: {{HTMLElement("form")}}, {{HTMLElement("datalist")}}, {{HTMLElement("fieldset")}}, {{HTMLElement("input")}},{{HTMLElement("keygen")}}, {{HTMLElement("label")}}, {{HTMLElement("legend")}}, {{HTMLElement("meter")}}, {{HTMLElement("optgroup")}}, {{HTMLElement("option")}}, {{HTMLElement("output")}}, {{HTMLElement("progress")}}, {{HTMLElement("select")}}, {{HTMLElement("textarea")}}.</p>
<div>
  {{HTML:Element_Navigation}}</div>
Revert to this revision