resize

The resize CSS property sets whether an element is resizable, and if so, in which directions.

resize does not apply to the following:

  • Inline elements
  • Block elements for which the overflow property is set to visible

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
resize: none;
resize: both;
resize: horizontal;
resize: vertical;
resize: block;
resize: inline;

/* Global values */
resize: inherit;
resize: initial;
resize: revert;
resize: unset;  

The resize property is specified as a single keyword value from the list below.

Values

none
The element offers no user-controllable method for resizing it.
both
The element displays a mechanism for allowing the user to resize it, which may be resized both horizontally and vertically.
horizontal
The element displays a mechanism for allowing the user to resize it in the horizontal direction.
vertical
The element displays a mechanism for allowing the user to resize it in the vertical direction.
block
The element displays a mechanism for allowing the user to resize it in the block direction (either horizontally or vertically, depending on the writing-mode and direction value).
inline
The element displays a mechanism for allowing the user to resize it in the inline direction (either horizontally or vertically, depending on the writing-mode and direction value).

Formal definition

Initial valuenone
Applies toelements with overflow other than visible, and optionally replaced elements representing images or videos, and iframes
Inheritedno
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete

Formal syntax

none | both | horizontal | vertical | block | inline

Examples

Disabling resizability of textareas

In many browsers, <textarea> elements are resizable by default. You may override this behavior with the resize property.

HTML

<textarea>Type some text here.</textarea>

CSS

textarea {
  resize: none; /* Disables resizability */
}  

Result

Using resize with arbitrary elements

You can use the resize property to make any element resizable. In the example below, a resizable <div> contains a resizable paragraph (<p> element).

HTML

<div class="resizable">
  <p class="resizable">
    This paragraph is resizable in all directions, because
    the CSS `resize` property is set to `both` on this element.
  </p>
</div>

CSS

.resizable {
  resize: both;
  overflow: scroll;
  border: 1px solid black;
}

div {
  height: 300px;
  width: 300px;
}

p {
  height: 200px;
  width: 200px;
}  

Result

Specifications

Specification
CSS Basic User Interface Module Level 4 (CSS User Interface 4)
# resize

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also