repeating-radial-gradient

  • Revision slug: CSS/repeating-radial-gradient
  • Revision title: repeating-radial-gradient
  • Revision id: 377923
  • Created:
  • Creator: joyously
  • Is current revision? No
  • Comment adding a live example

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{{ CSSRef() }}

This works similarly to the standard radial gradients as described by {{ cssxref("radial-gradient") }}, but it automatically repeats the color stops infinitely in both directions, with their positions shifted by multiples of the difference between the last color stop's position and the first one's position.

Like any other gradient, a repeating CSS radial gradient is not a CSS <color> but an image with no intrinsic dimensions; that is, it has no natural or preferred size, nor ratio. Its concrete size will match the one of the element it applies to.

Mozilla currently only supports CSS gradients as values of the {{ Cssxref("background-image") }} property, as well as within the shorthand {{ Cssxref("background") }}. You specify a gradient value instead of an image URL.

Syntax

Formal grammar: 
  repeating-radial-gradient( [[ circle               || <length> ]                     [ at <position> ]? , | 
                              [ ellipse              || [<length> | <percentage> ]{2}] [ at <position> ]? , |
                              [ [ circle | ellipse ] || <extent-keyword> ]             [ at <position> ]? , |
                                                                                         at <position> ,     <color-stop> [ , <color-stop> ]+ )
                            \------------------------------------------------------------------------------/\--------------------------------/
                                 Definition of the contour, size and position of the ending shape                    List of color stops  
    
              where <extent-keyword> = closest-corner | closest-side | farthest-corner | farthest-side
                    and <color-stop> = <color> [ <percentage> | <length> ]?
Definition of the ending shape
repeating-radial-gradient( circle, … )                /* Synonym of repeating-radial-gradient( circle farthest-corner, …) */
repeating-radial-gradient( ellipse, … )               /* Synonym of repeating-radial-gradient( ellipse farthest-corner, …) */
repeating-radial-gradient( <extent-keyword>, … )      /* It draws concentric circles */
repeating-radial-gradient( circle radius, … )         /* Concentrinc centered circles of the given length. It can't be in %. */
repeating-radial-gradient( ellipse x-axis y-axis, … ) /* The two semi-major axis are given, horizontal, then vertical */

Definition of the position of the shape
repeating-radial-gradient (… at <position>, … )

Definition of the color stops
repeating-radial-gradient (…, <color-stop>)
repeating-radial-gradient (…, <color-stop>, <color-stop>)

Values

<position>
A {{ xref_cssposition() }}, interpreted in the same way as {{ Cssxref("background-position") }} or {{ Cssxref("transform-origin") }}. If omitted, the default is center.
<angle>
An angle establishing the gradient line, which extends from the starting point at this angle; this is 0deg by default.
<shape>
The gradient's shape. This is one of circle (meaning that the gradient's shape is a circle with constant radius) or ellipse (meaning that the shape is an axis-aligned ellipse). The default value is ellipse.
<size>
The size of the gradient. This is one of the {{ anch("Size constants") }} listed below.
<color-stop>
Representing a fixed color at a precise position, this value is composed by a {{ Xref_csscolorvalue() }} value, followed by an optional stop position (either a {{ xref_csspercentage() }} or a {{ Xref_csslength() }} along the virtual gradient ray). A percentage of 0%, or a length of 0, represents the center of the gradient, the value 100% the intersection of the ending shape with the virtual gradient ray. Percentage values in-between. are linearily positioned on the gradient ray.
<extent-keyword>
Are keywords describing how big the ending shape must be. The possible keywords are:
Constant Description
closest-side The gradient's ending shape meets the side of the box closest to its center (for circles) or meets both the vertical and horizontal sides closest to the center (for ellipses).
closest-corner The gradient's ending shape is sized so it exactly meets the closest corner of the box from its center.
farthest-side Similar to closest-side, except the ending shape is sized to meet the side of the box farthest from its center (or vertical and horizontal sides).
farthest-corner The gradient's ending shape is sized so it exactly meets the farthest corner of the box from its center.
Early drafts were defining to other keywords, cover and contain, synonyms of the standard farthest-corner and closest-side respectively. Do exclusively use the standard keyword as some implementations have dropped to older variants.

Size constants

Constant Description
closest-side The gradient's shape meets the side of the box closest to its center (for circles) or meets both the vertical and horizontal sides closest to the center (for ellipses).
closest-corner The gradient's shape is sized so it exactly meets the closest corner of the box from its center.
farthest-side Similar to closest-side, except the shape is sized to meet the side of the box farthest from its center (or vertical and horizontal sides).
farthest-corner The gradient's shape is sized so it exactly meets the farthest corner of the box from its center.
contain A synonym for closest-side.
cover A synonym for farthest-corner.

Usage

Radial gradients also run along an axis. At each end point of the axis, a radius is specified. This can be imagined as creating two "circles", where for each circle the center is specified by the point and the radius is specified by the radius length. The gradient runs outwards from the circumference of the inner circle to the circumference of the outer circle.

Black White Example

background: repeating-radial-gradient(black, black 5px, white 5px, white 10px);

...will result in:

{{EmbedLiveSample('blackwhite','100%', '120')}}

Browser compatibility

{{ CompatibilityTable() }}

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 10 {{ property_prefix("-webkit") }} {{ CompatGeckoDesktop("1.9.2") }}{{ property_prefix("-moz") }}
{{ CompatGeckoDesktop("16") }}
10 12 {{ property_prefix("-o") }}
12.5
5.1 {{ property_prefix("-webkit") }}
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support {{ CompatUnknown() }} {{ CompatUnknown() }} {{ CompatUnknown() }} {{ CompatUnknown() }} {{ CompatUnknown() }}

See also

Revision Source

<p>{{ CSSRef() }}</p>
<p>This works similarly to the standard radial gradients as described by {{ cssxref("radial-gradient") }}, but it automatically repeats the color stops infinitely in both directions, with their positions shifted by multiples of the difference between the last color stop's position and the first one's position.</p>
<p>Like any other gradient, a repeating CSS radial gradient is not a CSS <span class="lang lang-en"><code><a href="color_value" rel="custom">&lt;color&gt;</a></code> </span> but an image with <a href="/en/CSS/image#no_intrinsic" title="en/CSS/image#no_intrinsic">no intrinsic dimensions</a>; that is,&nbsp;it has no natural or preferred size, nor ratio. Its concrete size will match the one of the element it applies to.</p>
<p>Mozilla currently only supports CSS gradients as values of the {{ Cssxref("background-image") }} property, as well as within the shorthand {{ Cssxref("background") }}. You specify a gradient value instead of an image URL.</p>
<h2 id="Syntax">Syntax</h2>
<pre class="twopartsyntaxbox">
Formal grammar: 
  repeating-radial-gradient( [[ circle               || <a href="/en-US/docs/CSS/length" title="/en-US/docs/CSS/length">&lt;length&gt;</a> ]                     [ at <a href="/en-US/CSS/position_value" title="/en-US/CSS/position_value">&lt;position&gt;</a> ]? , | 
                              [ ellipse              || [<a href="/en-US/docs/CSS/length" title="/en-US/docs/CSS/length">&lt;length&gt;</a> | <a href="/en-US/docs/CSS/percentage" title="/en-US/docs/CSS/percentage">&lt;percentage&gt;</a> ]{2}] [ at <a href="/en-US/CSS/position_value" title="/en-US/CSS/position_value">&lt;position&gt;</a> ]? , |
                              [ [ circle | ellipse ] || &lt;extent-keyword&gt; ]             [ at <a href="/en-US/CSS/position_value" title="/en-US/CSS/position_value">&lt;position&gt;</a> ]? , |
                                                                                         at <a href="/en-US/CSS/position_value" title="/en-US/CSS/position_value">&lt;position&gt;</a> ,     &lt;color-stop&gt; [ , &lt;color-stop&gt; ]+ )
                            \------------------------------------------------------------------------------/\--------------------------------/
                                 Definition of the contour, size and position of the ending shape                    List of color stops  
    
              where &lt;extent-keyword&gt; = closest-corner | closest-side | farthest-corner | farthest-side
                    and<code> &lt;color-stop&gt; = &lt;color&gt; [ &lt;percentage&gt; | &lt;length&gt; ]?</code></pre>
<pre>
<strong>Definition of the ending shape</strong>
repeating-radial-gradient( circle, … )                /* Synonym of repeating-radial-gradient( circle farthest-corner, …) */
repeating-radial-gradient( ellipse, … )               /* Synonym of repeating-radial-gradient( ellipse farthest-corner, …) */
repeating-radial-gradient( <em>&lt;extent-keyword&gt;</em>, … )      /* It draws concentric circles */
repeating-radial-gradient( circle <em>radius</em>, … )         /* Concentrinc centered circles of the given length. It can't be in %. */
repeating-radial-gradient( ellipse <em>x-axis</em> <em>y-axis</em>, … ) /* The two semi-major axis are given, horizontal, then vertical */

<strong>Definition of the position of the shape</strong>
repeating-radial-gradient (… at &lt;position&gt;, … )

<strong>Definition of the color stops
</strong>repeating-radial-gradient (…, &lt;color-stop&gt;)
repeating-radial-gradient (…, &lt;color-stop&gt;, &lt;color-stop&gt;)

</pre>
<h3 id="Values">Values</h3>
<dl>
  <dt>
    <code>&lt;position&gt;</code></dt>
  <dd>
    A {{ xref_cssposition() }}, interpreted in the same way as {{ Cssxref("background-position") }} or {{ Cssxref("transform-origin") }}. If omitted, the default is <code>center</code>.</dd>
  <dt>
    &lt;<code>angle</code>&gt;</dt>
  <dd>
    An angle establishing the gradient line, which extends from the starting point at this angle; this is <code>0deg</code> by default.</dd>
  <dt>
    <code>&lt;shape&gt;</code></dt>
  <dd>
    The gradient's shape. This is one of <code>circle</code> (meaning that the gradient's shape is a circle with constant radius) or <code>ellipse</code> (meaning that the shape is an axis-aligned ellipse). The default value is <code>ellipse</code>.</dd>
  <dt>
    <code>&lt;size&gt;</code></dt>
  <dd>
    The size of the gradient. This is one of the {{ anch("Size constants") }} listed below.</dd>
  <dt>
    <code>&lt;color-stop&gt;</code></dt>
  <dd>
    Representing a fixed color at a precise position, this value is composed by a {{ Xref_csscolorvalue() }} value, followed by an optional stop position (either a {{ xref_csspercentage() }} or a {{ Xref_csslength() }} along the virtual gradient ray). A percentage of <code>0%</code>, or a length of <code>0</code>, represents the center of the gradient, the value <code>100%</code> the intersection of the ending shape with the virtual gradient ray. Percentage values in-between. are linearily positioned on the gradient ray.</dd>
  <dt>
    <code>&lt;extent-keyword&gt;</code></dt>
  <dd>
    Are keywords describing how big the ending shape must be. The possible keywords are:</dd>
  <dd>
    <table class="standard-table">
      <tbody>
        <tr>
          <th>Constant</th>
          <th>Description</th>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td><code>closest-side</code></td>
          <td>The gradient's ending shape meets the side of the box closest to its center (for circles) or meets both the vertical and horizontal sides closest to the center (for ellipses).</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td><code>closest-corner</code></td>
          <td>The gradient's ending shape is sized so it exactly meets the closest corner of the box from its center.</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td><code>farthest-side</code></td>
          <td>Similar to closest-side, except the ending shape is sized to meet the side of the box farthest from its center (or vertical and horizontal sides).</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td><code>farthest-corner</code></td>
          <td>The gradient's ending shape is sized so it exactly meets the farthest corner of the box from its center.</td>
        </tr>
      </tbody>
    </table>
    Early drafts were defining to other keywords, <code>cover</code> and <code>contain</code>, synonyms of the standard <code><span class="st">farthest-corner</span></code> and <code>closest-side</code> respectively. Do exclusively use the standard keyword as some implementations have dropped to older variants.</dd>
</dl>
<h2 id="Size_constants">Size constants</h2>
<table class="standard-table">
  <tbody>
    <tr>
      <th>Constant</th>
      <th>Description</th>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td><code>closest-side</code></td>
      <td>The gradient's shape meets the side of the box closest to its center (for circles) or meets both the vertical and horizontal sides closest to the center (for ellipses).</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td><code>closest-corner</code></td>
      <td>The gradient's shape is sized so it exactly meets the closest corner of the box from its center.</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td><code>farthest-side</code></td>
      <td>Similar to closest-side, except the shape is sized to meet the side of the box farthest from its center (or vertical and horizontal sides).</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td><code>farthest-corner</code></td>
      <td>The gradient's shape is sized so it exactly meets the farthest corner of the box from its center.</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td><code>contain</code></td>
      <td>A synonym for <code>closest-side</code>.</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td><code>cover</code></td>
      <td>A synonym for <code>farthest-corner</code>.</td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>
<h2 id="Usage">Usage</h2>
<p>Radial gradients also run along an axis. At each end point of the axis, a radius is specified. This can be imagined as creating two "circles", where for each circle the center is specified by the point and the radius is specified by the radius length. The gradient runs outwards from the circumference of the inner circle to the circumference of the outer circle.</p>
<h2 id="blackwhite" name="blackwhite">Black White Example</h2>
<pre class="brush: css">
background: repeating-radial-gradient(black, black 5px, white 5px, white 10px);</pre>
<p id="...will_result_in.3A">...will result in:</p>
<div>
  {{EmbedLiveSample('blackwhite','100%', '120')}}</div>
<h2 id="Browser_compatibility">Browser compatibility</h2>
<p>{{ CompatibilityTable() }}</p>
<div id="compat-desktop">
  <table class="compat-table">
    <tbody>
      <tr>
        <th>Feature</th>
        <th>Chrome</th>
        <th>Firefox (Gecko)</th>
        <th>Internet Explorer</th>
        <th>Opera</th>
        <th>Safari (WebKit)</th>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Basic support</td>
        <td>10 {{ property_prefix("-webkit") }}</td>
        <td>{{ CompatGeckoDesktop("1.9.2") }}{{ property_prefix("-moz") }}<br />
          {{ CompatGeckoDesktop("16") }}</td>
        <td>10</td>
        <td>12 {{ property_prefix("-o") }}<br />
          12.5</td>
        <td>5.1 {{ property_prefix("-webkit") }}</td>
      </tr>
    </tbody>
  </table>
</div>
<div id="compat-mobile">
  <table class="compat-table">
    <tbody>
      <tr>
        <th>Feature</th>
        <th>Android</th>
        <th>Firefox Mobile (Gecko)</th>
        <th>IE&nbsp;Phone</th>
        <th>Opera Mobile</th>
        <th>Safari Mobile</th>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Basic support</td>
        <td>{{ CompatUnknown() }}</td>
        <td>{{ CompatUnknown() }}</td>
        <td>{{ CompatUnknown() }}</td>
        <td>{{ CompatUnknown() }}</td>
        <td>{{ CompatUnknown() }}</td>
      </tr>
    </tbody>
  </table>
</div>
<h2 id="See_also">See also</h2>
<ul>
  <li><a href="/en/CSS/Using_CSS_gradients" title="en/Using gradients">Using gradients</a>, {{ cssxref("repeating-linear-gradient") }}, {{ cssxref("radial-gradient") }}</li>
  <li>WebKit's original proposal: <a class="external" href="http://webkit.org/blog/175/introducing-css-gradients/" title="http://webkit.org/blog/175/introducing-css-gradients/">http://webkit.org/blog/175/introducing-css-gradients/</a></li>
  <li><a class="external" href="http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms532997(VS.85,loband).aspx" title="http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms532997(VS.85,loband).aspx">MSDN library, gradient filter</a> (reference doc)</li>
</ul>
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