filter

  • Revision slug: Web/CSS/filter
  • Revision title: filter
  • Revision id: 493493
  • Created:
  • Creator: Joao_Beno
  • Is current revision? No
  • Comment

Revision Content

{{ CSSRef() }}

{{ SeeCompatTable() }}

Summary

The CSS filter property provides for effects like blurring or color shifting on an element’s rendering before the element is displayed. Filters are commonly used to adjust the rendering of an image, a background, or a border.

Included in the CSS standard are several functions that achieve predefined effects. You can also reference a filter specified in SVG with a URL to an SVG filter element.

Note: Older versions (4.0 through 9.0) of the Windows Internet Explorer browser supported a non-standard "filter" that has since been deprecated.
  • {{ Xref_cssinitial() }} none
  • Applies to graphics and container elements
  • {{ Xref_cssinherited() }} no
  • Media {{ Xref_cssvisual() }}
  • {{ Xref_csscomputed() }} as specified
  • {{ Xref_cssanimatable() }} yes

Syntax

With a function, use the following:

filter: <filter-function> [<filter-function>]* | none

For a reference to an SVG {{ SVGElement("filter") }} element, use the following:

filter: url(svg-url#element-id) 

Examples

Examples of using the predefined functions are shown below. See each function for a specific example.

.mydiv { filter: grayscale(50%) }

/* gray all images by 50% and blur by 10px */
img {
  filter: grayscale(0.5) blur(10px);
}

Examples of using the URL function with an SVG resource are shown below.

.target { filter: url(#c1); }

.mydiv { filter: url(commonfilters.xml#large-blur) }

Functions

To use the CSS filter property, you specify a value for one of the following functions. If the value is invalid, the function returns "none." Except where noted, the functions that take a value expressed with a percent sign (as in 34%) also accept the value expressed as decimal (as in 0.34).

url()

The url() function takes the location of an XML file that specifies an SVG filter, and may include an anchor to a specific filter element.

filter: url(resources.svg#c1)

blur()

Applies a Gaussian blur to the input image. The value of ‘radius’ defines the value of the standard deviation to the Gaussian function, or how many pixels on the screen blend into each other, so a larger value will create more blur. If no parameter is provided, then a value 0 is used. The parameter is specified as a CSS length, but does not accept percentage values.

filter: blur(5px)
<svg height="0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
  <filter id="svgBlur" x="-5%" y="-5%" width="110%" height="110%">
    <feGaussianBlur in="SourceGraphic" stdDeviation="5"/>
  </filter>
</svg>

{{EmbedLiveSample('blur_example','100%','236px','')}}

brightness()

Applies a linear multiplier to input image, making it appear more or less bright. A value of 0% will create an image that is completely black. A value of 100% leaves the input unchanged. Other values are linear multipliers on the effect. Values of an amount over 100% are allowed, providing brighter results. If the ‘amount’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.

filter: brightness(0.5)
<svg height="0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
 <filter id="brightness">
    <feComponentTransfer>
        <feFuncR type="linear" slope="[amount]"/>
        <feFuncG type="linear" slope="[amount]"/>
        <feFuncB type="linear" slope="[amount]"/>
    </feComponentTransfer>
  </filter>
</svg>

{{EmbedLiveSample('brightness_example','100%','231px','')}}

contrast()

Adjusts the contrast of the input. A value of 0% will create an image that is completely black. A value of 100% leaves the input unchanged. Values of amount over 100% are allowed, providing results with less contrast. If the ‘amount’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.

filter: contrast(200%)
<svg height="0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
  <filter id="contrast">
    <feComponentTransfer>
      <feFuncR type="linear" slope="[amount]" intercept="-(0.5 * [amount]) + 0.5"/>
      <feFuncG type="linear" slope="[amount]" intercept="-(0.5 * [amount]) + 0.5"/>
      <feFuncB type="linear" slope="[amount]" intercept="-(0.5 * [amount]) + 0.5"/>
    </feComponentTransfer>
  </filter>
</svg>

{{EmbedLiveSample('contrast_example','100%','203px','')}}

drop-shadow()

Applies a drop shadow effect to the input image. A drop shadow is effectively a blurred, offset version of the input image's alpha mask drawn in a particular color, composited below the image. The function accepts a parameter of type <shadow> (defined in CSS3 Backgrounds), with the exception that the ‘inset’ keyword is not allowed. This function is similar to the more established box-shadow property; the difference is that with filters, some browsers provide hardware acceleration for better performance. The parameters of the <shadow> property are as follows.

<offset-x> <offset-y> (required)
This are two {{ Xref_csslength() }} values to set the shadow offset. <offset-x> specifies the horizontal distance. Negative values place the shadow to the left of the element. <offset-y> specifies the vertical distance. Negative values place the shadow above the element. See {{ Xref_csslength() }} for possible units.
If both values are 0, the shadow is placed behind the element (and may generate a blur effect if <blur-radius> and/or <spread-radius> is set).
<blur-radius> (optional)
This is a third {{ Xref_csslength() }} value. The larger this value, the bigger the blur, so the shadow becomes bigger and lighter. Negative values are not allowed. If not specified, it will be 0 (the shadow's edge is sharp).
<spread-radius> (optional)
This is a fourth {{ Xref_csslength() }} value. Positive values will cause the shadow to expand and grow bigger, negative values will cause the shadow to shrink. If not specified, it will be 0 (the shadow will be the same size as the element).
<color> (optional)
See {{ Xref_csscolorvalue() }} values for possible keywords and notations.
If not specified, the color depends on the browser. In Gecko (Firefox), Presto (Opera) and Trident (Internet Explorer), the value of the {{ cssxref("color") }} property is used. On the other hand, WebKit's shadow is transparent and therefore useless if <color> is omitted.
filter: drop-shadow(16px 16px 10px black)
<svg height="0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
 <filter id="drop-shadow">
    <feGaussianBlur in="SourceAlpha" stdDeviation="[radius]"/>
    <feOffset dx="[offset-x]" dy="[offset-y]" result="offsetblur"/>
    <feFlood flood-color="[color]"/>
    <feComposite in2="offsetblur" operator="in"/>
    <feMerge>
      <feMergeNode/>
      <feMergeNode in="SourceGraphic"/>
    </feMerge>
  </filter>
</svg>

{{EmbedLiveSample('shadow_example','100%','238px','')}}

grayscale()

Converts the input image to grayscale. The value of ‘amount’ defines the proportion of the conversion. A value of 100% is completely grayscale. A value of 0% leaves the input unchanged. Values between 0% and 100% are linear multipliers on the effect. If the ‘amount’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.

filter: grayscale(100%)

{{EmbedLiveSample('grayscale_example','100%','209px','')}}

hue-rotate()

Applies a hue rotation on the input image. The value of ‘angle’ defines the number of degrees around the color circle the input samples will be adjusted. A value of 0deg leaves the input unchanged. If the ‘angle’ parameter is missing, a value of 0deg is used. Maximum value is 360deg.

filter: hue-rotate(90deg)

{{EmbedLiveSample('huerotate_example','100%','221px','')}}

invert()

Inverts the samples in the input image. The value of ‘amount’ defines the proportion of the conversion. A value of 100% is completely inverted. A value of 0% leaves the input unchanged. Values between 0% and 100% are linear multipliers on the effect. If the ‘amount’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.

filter: invert(100%)

{{EmbedLiveSample('invert_example','100%','407px','')}}

opacity()

Applies transparency to the samples in the input image. The value of ‘amount’ defines the proportion of the conversion. A value of 0% is completely transparent. A value of 100% leaves the input unchanged. Values between 0% and 100% are linear multipliers on the effect. This is equivalent to multiplying the input image samples by amount. If the ‘amount’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used. This function is similar to the more established opacity property; the difference is that with filters, some browsers provide hardware acceleration for better performance.

filter: opacity(50%)

{{EmbedLiveSample('opacity_example','100%','210px','')}}

saturate()

Saturates the input image. The value of ‘amount’ defines the proportion of the conversion. A value of 0% is completely un-saturated. A value of 100% leaves the input unchanged. Other values are linear multipliers on the effect. Values of amount over 100% are allowed, providing super-saturated results. If the ‘amount’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.

filter: saturate(200%)

{{EmbedLiveSample('saturate_example','100%','332px','')}}

sepia()

Converts the input image to sepia. The value of ‘amount’ defines the proportion of the conversion. A value of 100% is completely sepia. A value of 0 leaves the input unchanged. Values between 0% and 100% are linear multipliers on the effect. If the ‘amount’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.

filter: sepia(100%)

{{EmbedLiveSample('sepia_example','100%','229px','')}}

Combining functions

You may combine any number of functions to manipulate the rendering. The following example enhances the contrast and brightness of the image.

filter: contrast(175%) brightness(3%)

{{EmbedLiveSample('combination_example','100%','209px','')}}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
{{ SpecName('Filters 1.0', '#FilterProperty', 'filter') }} {{ Spec2('Filters 1.0') }} Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

{{ CompatibilityTable() }}

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 18.0{{ property_prefix("-webkit") }} {{ CompatNo() }}
 (see note)
{{ CompatNo() }} (see note) 17.0 {{ property_prefix("-webkit")}} {{ CompatVersionUnknown() }}{{ property_prefix("-webkit") }}
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support {{ CompatUnknown() }} {{ CompatUnknown() }} {{ CompatUnknown() }} {{ CompatUnknown() }}

{{ CompatUnknown() }}

Gecko notes

Gecko currently only implements the {{ anch("url()") }} form of the filter property.

Internet Explorer notes

Internet Explorer 4.0 to 9.0 implemented a non-standard filter property. The syntax was completely different from this one and is not documented here.

Chrome notes

In Chrome 18 to 19, saturate() function only takes integers instead of decimal or percentage values. This bug is fixed in Chrome 20 and further.

See also

Revision Source

<p>{{ CSSRef() }}</p>
<p>{{ SeeCompatTable() }}</p>
<h2 id="Summary">Summary</h2>
<p>The CSS <code>filter</code> property provides for effects like blurring or color shifting on an element’s rendering before the element is displayed. Filters are commonly used to adjust the rendering of an image, a background, or a border.</p>
<p>Included in the CSS standard are several functions that achieve predefined effects. You can also&nbsp;reference a filter specified in SVG with a URL to an&nbsp;<a href="/en-US/docs/Web/SVG/Element/filter" title="/en/SVG/Element/filter">SVG filter element</a>.</p>
<div class="note">
 <strong>Note:</strong> Older versions (4.0 through 9.0) of the Windows Internet Explorer browser supported a non-standard <a class="external" href="http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms532853(v=vs.85).aspx" title="http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms532853(v=vs.85).aspx">"filter"</a> that has since been deprecated.</div>
<ul class="cssprop">
 <li><dfn>{{ Xref_cssinitial() }}</dfn> <code>none</code></li>
 <li><dfn>Applies to</dfn> graphics and container elements</li>
 <li><dfn>{{ Xref_cssinherited() }}</dfn> no</li>
 <li><dfn>Media</dfn> {{ Xref_cssvisual() }}</li>
 <li><dfn>{{ Xref_csscomputed() }}</dfn> as specified</li>
 <li><dfn>{{ Xref_cssanimatable() }}</dfn> yes</li>
</ul>
<h2 id="Syntax">Syntax</h2>
<p>With a function, use the following:</p>
<pre>
filter: &lt;filter-function&gt; [&lt;filter-function&gt;]* | none
</pre>
<p>For a reference to an SVG {{ SVGElement("filter") }} element, use the following:</p>
<pre class="eval">
filter: url(svg-url#element-id) 
</pre>
<h2 id="Examples">Examples</h2>
<p>Examples of using the predefined functions are shown below. See each function for a specific example.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
.mydiv { filter: grayscale(50%) }

/* gray all images by 50% and blur by 10px */
img {
&nbsp; filter: grayscale(0.5) blur(10px);
}</pre>
<p>Examples of using the URL function with an SVG resource are shown below.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
.target { filter: url(#c1); }

.mydiv { filter: url(commonfilters.xml#large-blur) }
</pre>
<h2 id="Functions">Functions</h2>
<p>To use the CSS <code>filter</code> property, you specify a value for one of the following functions. If the value is invalid, the function returns "none." Except where noted, the functions that take a value expressed with a percent sign (as in 34%) also accept the value expressed as decimal (as in 0.34).</p>
<h3 id="url()"><code>url()</code></h3>
<p>The url() function takes the location of an XML file that specifies an SVG filter, and may include an anchor to a specific filter element.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: url(resources.svg#c1)
</pre>
<h3 id="blur()"><code>blur()</code></h3>
<p>Applies a Gaussian blur to the input image. The value of ‘radius’ defines the value of the standard deviation to the Gaussian function, or how many pixels on the screen blend into each other, so a larger value will create more blur. If no parameter is provided, then a value 0 is used. The parameter is specified as a CSS length, but does not accept percentage values.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: blur(5px)
</pre>
<div id="blur_example" style="display: none;">
 <pre class="brush: html">
  &lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;SVG Equivalent&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form.jpg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3710/Test_Form_2.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3710/Test_Form_2.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;div class="svg-container"&gt;&lt;svg id="img3" viewbox="0 0 233 176"&gt;
  &lt;filter id="svgBlur" x="-5%" y="-5%" width="110%" height="110%" &gt;
    &lt;feGaussianBlur in="SourceGraphic" stdDeviation="5" /&gt;
  &lt;/filter&gt;
  &lt;image xlink:href="/files/3710/Test_Form_2.jpeg" filter="url(#svgBlur)" x="5%" y="5%" width="212px" height="161px" /&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;&lt;div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3711/Test_Form_2_s.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter:blur(5px);
  -webkit-filter:blur(5px);
  -o-filter:blur(5px);
  -ms-filter:blur(5px);
  filter:blur(5px); }
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  height: 100%;
  width: 85%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<pre class="brush: html">
&lt;svg height="0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"&gt;
  &lt;filter id="svgBlur" x="-5%" y="-5%" width="110%" height="110%"&gt;
    &lt;feGaussianBlur in="SourceGraphic" stdDeviation="5"/&gt;
  &lt;/filter&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;</pre>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('blur_example','100%','236px','')}}</p>
<h3 id="brightness()"><code>brightness()</code></h3>
<p>Applies a linear multiplier to input image, making it appear more or less bright. A value of 0% will create an image that is completely black. A value of 100% leaves the input unchanged. Other values are linear multipliers on the effect. Values of an amount over 100% are allowed, providing brighter results. If the ‘amount’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: brightness(0.5)</pre>
<pre class="brush: html">
&lt;svg height="0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="brightness"&gt;
    &lt;feComponentTransfer&gt;
        &lt;feFuncR type="linear" slope="[amount]"/&gt;
        &lt;feFuncG type="linear" slope="[amount]"/&gt;
        &lt;feFuncB type="linear" slope="[amount]"/&gt;
    &lt;/feComponentTransfer&gt;
  &lt;/filter&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;</pre>
<div id="brightness_example" style="display:none">
 <pre class="brush: html">
&lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;SVG Equivalent&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form.jpg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3708/Test_Form.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3708/Test_Form.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;div class="svg-container"&gt;&lt;svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" id="img3" viewbox="0 0 286 217"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="brightness"&gt;
    &lt;feComponentTransfer&gt;
        &lt;feFuncR type="linear" slope="2"/&gt;
        &lt;feFuncG type="linear" slope="2"/&gt;
        &lt;feFuncB type="linear" slope="2"/&gt;
    &lt;/feComponentTransfer&gt;
  &lt;/filter&gt;
&nbsp; &lt;image xlink:href="/files/3708/Test_Form.jpg" filter="url(#brightness)" width="286px" height="217px" /&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;&lt;div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3709/Test_Form_s.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter:brightness(2);
  -webkit-filter:brightness(2);
  -o-filter:brightness(2);
  -ms-filter:brightness(2);
  filter:brightness(2); }
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  height:100%;
  width: 85%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('brightness_example','100%','231px','')}}</p>
<h3 id="contrast()"><code>contrast()</code></h3>
<p>Adjusts the contrast of the input. A value of 0% will create an image that is completely black. A value of 100% leaves the input unchanged. Values of amount over 100% are allowed, providing results with less contrast. If the ‘amount’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: contrast(200%)
</pre>
<pre class="brush: html">
&lt;svg height="0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"&gt;
  &lt;filter id="contrast"&gt;
    &lt;feComponentTransfer&gt;
      &lt;feFuncR type="linear" slope="[amount]" intercept="-(0.5 * [amount]) + 0.5"/&gt;
      &lt;feFuncG type="linear" slope="[amount]" intercept="-(0.5 * [amount]) + 0.5"/&gt;
      &lt;feFuncB type="linear" slope="[amount]" intercept="-(0.5 * [amount]) + 0.5"/&gt;
    &lt;/feComponentTransfer&gt;
  &lt;/filter&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;
</pre>
<div id="contrast_example" style="display:none">
 <pre class="brush: html">
&lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;SVG Equivalent&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_3.jpeg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3712/Test_Form_3.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_3.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3712/Test_Form_3.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;div class="svg-container"&gt;&lt;svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" id="img3" viewbox="0 0 240 151"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="contrast"&gt;
    &lt;feComponentTransfer&gt;
      &lt;feFuncR type="linear" slope="2" intercept="-0.5"/&gt;
      &lt;feFuncG type="linear" slope="2" intercept="-0.5"/&gt;
      &lt;feFuncB type="linear" slope="2" intercept="-0.5"/&gt;
    &lt;/feComponentTransfer&gt;
  &lt;/filter&gt;
&nbsp; &lt;image xlink:href="/files/3712/Test_Form_3.jpeg" filter="url(#contrast)" width="240px" height="151px" /&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;&lt;div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3713/Test_Form_3_s.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter:contrast(200%);
  -webkit-filter:contrast(200%);
  -o-filter:contrast(200%);
  -ms-filter:contrast(200%);
  filter:contrast(200%); }
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  width: 85%;
  height: 100%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('contrast_example','100%','203px','')}}</p>
<h3 id="drop-shadow()"><code>drop-shadow()</code></h3>
<p>Applies a drop shadow effect to the input image. A drop shadow is effectively a blurred, offset version of the input image's alpha mask drawn in a particular color, composited below the image. The function accepts a parameter of type &lt;shadow&gt; (defined in CSS3 Backgrounds), with the exception that the ‘inset’ keyword is not allowed. This function is similar to the more established <a href="/En/CSS/Box-shadow" title="/en/CSS/box-shadow">box-shadow</a>&nbsp;property; the difference is that with filters, some browsers provide hardware acceleration for better performance. The parameters of the &lt;shadow&gt; property are as follows.</p>
<dl>
 <dt>
  <code>&lt;offset-x&gt;</code> <code>&lt;offset-y&gt;</code> <small>(required)</small></dt>
 <dd>
  This are two {{ Xref_csslength() }} values to set the shadow offset. <code>&lt;offset-x&gt;</code> specifies the horizontal distance. Negative values place the shadow to the left of the element. <code>&lt;offset-y&gt;</code> specifies the vertical distance. Negative values place the shadow above the element. See {{ Xref_csslength() }} for possible units.<br />
  If both values are <code>0</code>, the shadow is placed behind the element (and may generate a blur effect if <code>&lt;blur-radius&gt;</code> and/or <code>&lt;spread-radius&gt;</code> is set).</dd>
 <dt>
  <code>&lt;blur-radius&gt;</code> <small>(optional)</small></dt>
 <dd>
  This is a third {{ Xref_csslength() }} value. The larger this value, the bigger the blur, so the shadow becomes bigger and lighter. Negative values are not allowed. If not specified, it will be <code>0</code> (the shadow's edge is sharp).</dd>
 <dt>
  <code>&lt;spread-radius&gt;</code> <small>(optional)</small></dt>
 <dd>
  This is a fourth {{ Xref_csslength() }} value. Positive values will cause the shadow to expand and grow bigger, negative values will cause the shadow to shrink. If not specified, it will be <code>0</code> (the shadow will be the same size as the element).</dd>
 <dt>
  <code>&lt;color&gt;</code> <small>(optional)</small></dt>
 <dd>
  See {{ Xref_csscolorvalue() }} values for possible keywords and notations.<br />
  If not specified, the color depends on the browser. In Gecko (Firefox), Presto (Opera) and Trident (Internet Explorer), the value of the {{ cssxref("color") }} property is used. On the other hand, WebKit's shadow is transparent and therefore useless if <code>&lt;color&gt;</code> is omitted.</dd>
</dl>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: drop-shadow(16px 16px 10px black)</pre>
<pre class="brush: html">
&lt;svg height="0" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="drop-shadow"&gt;
    &lt;feGaussianBlur in="SourceAlpha" stdDeviation="[radius]"/&gt;
    &lt;feOffset dx="[offset-x]" dy="[offset-y]" result="offsetblur"/&gt;
    &lt;feFlood flood-color="[color]"/&gt;
    &lt;feComposite in2="offsetblur" operator="in"/&gt;
    &lt;feMerge&gt;
      &lt;feMergeNode/&gt;
      &lt;feMergeNode in="SourceGraphic"/&gt;
    &lt;/feMerge&gt;
  &lt;/filter&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;
</pre>
<div id="shadow_example" style="display:none">
 <pre class="brush: html">
&lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;SVG Equivalent&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_4.jpeg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3714/Test_Form_4.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_4.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3714/Test_Form_4.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;div class="svg-container"&gt;&lt;svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" id="img3" viewbox="0 0 239 187"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="drop-shadow"&gt;
    &lt;feGaussianBlur in="SourceAlpha" stdDeviation="5"/&gt;
    &lt;feOffset dx="16" dy="16"/&gt;
    &lt;feMerge&gt;
      &lt;feMergeNode/&gt;
      &lt;feMergeNode in="SourceGraphic"/&gt;
    &lt;/feMerge&gt;
 &lt;/filter&gt;
 &lt;image xlink:href="/files/3714/Test_Form_4.jpeg" filter="url(#drop-shadow)" width="213px" height="161px" /&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;&lt;div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_4_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3715/Test_Form_4_s.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter: drop-shadow(16px 16px 10px black);
  -webkit-filter: drop-shadow(16px 16px 10px black);
  -o-filter: drop-shadow(16px 16px 10px black);
  -ms-filter: drop-shadow(16px 16px 10px black);
  filter: drop-shadow(16px 16px 10px black);
}
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  width: 85%;
  height: 100%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('shadow_example','100%','238px','')}}</p>
<h3 id="grayscale()"><code>grayscale()</code></h3>
<p>Converts the input image to grayscale. The value of ‘amount’ defines the proportion of the conversion. A value of 100% is completely grayscale. A value of 0% leaves the input unchanged. Values between 0% and 100% are linear multipliers on the effect. If the ‘amount’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: grayscale(100%)</pre>
<div id="grayscale_example" style="display:none">
 <pre class="brush: html">
&lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;SVG Equivalent&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_5.jpeg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3716/Test_Form_5.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_5.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3716/Test_Form_5.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;div class="svg-container"&gt;&lt;svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" id="img3" viewbox="0 0 276 184"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="grayscale"&gt;
    &lt;feColorMatrix type="matrix"
               values="0.2126 0.7152 0.0722 0 0
                       0.2126 0.7152 0.0722 0 0
                       0.2126 0.7152 0.0722 0 0
                       0 0 0 1 0"/&gt;
  &lt;/filter&gt;
&nbsp; &lt;image xlink:href="/files/3716/Test_Form_5.jpeg" filter="url(#grayscale)" width="276px" height="184px" /&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;&lt;div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_5_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3717/Test_Form_5_s.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter:grayscale(100%);
  -webkit-filter:grayscale(100%);
  -o-filter:grayscale(100%);
  -ms-filter:grayscale(100%);
  filter:grayscale(100%); }
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  width: 85%;
  height: 100%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('grayscale_example','100%','209px','')}}</p>
<h3 id="hue-rotate()"><code>hue-rotate()</code></h3>
<p>Applies a hue rotation on the input image. The value of ‘<code class="property">angle</code>’ defines the number of degrees around the color circle the input samples will be adjusted. A value of 0deg leaves the input unchanged. If the ‘<code class="property">angle</code>’ parameter is missing, a value of 0deg is used. Maximum value is 360deg.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: hue-rotate(90deg)</pre>
<div id="huerotate_example" style="display:none">
 <pre class="brush: html">
&lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;SVG Equivalent&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_6.jpeg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3718/Test_Form_6.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_6.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3718/Test_Form_6.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;div class="svg-container"&gt;&lt;svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" id="img3" viewbox="0 0 266 190"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="hue-rotate"&gt;
    &lt;feColorMatrix type="hueRotate"
               values="90deg"/&gt;
  &lt;/filter&gt;
&nbsp; &lt;image xlink:href="/files/3718/Test_Form_6.jpeg" filter="url(#hue-rotate)" width="266px" height="190px" /&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;&lt;div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_6_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3719/Test_Form_6_s.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter:hue-rotate(90deg);
  -webkit-filter:hue-rotate(90deg);
  -o-filter:hue-rotate(90deg);
  -ms-filter:hue-rotate(90deg);
  filter:hue-rotate(90deg); }
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  width: 85%;
  height: 100%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('huerotate_example','100%','221px','')}}</p>
<h3 id="invert()"><code>invert()</code></h3>
<p>Inverts the samples in the input image. The value of ‘<code class="property">amount</code>’ defines the proportion of the conversion. A value of 100% is completely inverted. A value of 0% leaves the input unchanged. Values between 0% and 100% are linear multipliers on the effect. If the ‘<code class="property">amount</code>’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: invert(100%)</pre>
<div id="invert_example" style="display:none">
 <pre class="brush: html">
&lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;SVG Equivalent&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_7.jpeg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3720/Test_Form_7.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_7.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3720/Test_Form_7.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;div class="svg-container"&gt;&lt;svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" id="img3" viewbox="0 0 183 276"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="invert"&gt;
    &lt;feComponentTransfer&gt;
        &lt;feFuncR type="table" tableValues="1 0"/&gt;
        &lt;feFuncG type="table" tableValues="1 0"/&gt;
        &lt;feFuncB type="table" tableValues="1 0"/&gt;
    &lt;/feComponentTransfer&gt;
 &lt;/filter&gt;
 &lt;image xlink:href="/files/3720/Test_Form_7.jpeg" filter="url(#invert)" width="183px" height="276px" /&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;&lt;div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_7_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3721/Test_Form_7_s.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter: invert(100%);
  -webkit-filter: invert(100%);
  -o-filter: invert(100%);
  -ms-filter: invert(100%);
  filter: invert(100%); }
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  width: 85%;
  height: 100%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('invert_example','100%','407px','')}}</p>
<h3 id="opacity()"><code>opacity()</code></h3>
<p>Applies transparency to the samples in the input image. The value of ‘<code class="property">amount</code>’ defines the proportion of the conversion. A value of 0% is completely transparent. A value of 100% leaves the input unchanged. Values between 0% and 100% are linear multipliers on the effect. This is equivalent to multiplying the input image samples by amount. If the ‘<code class="property">amount</code>’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.&nbsp;This function is similar to the more established <a href="/en/CSS/opacity" title="/en/CSS/opacity">opacity</a>&nbsp;property; the difference is that with filters, some browsers provide hardware acceleration for better performance.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: opacity(50%)</pre>
<div id="opacity_example" style="display:none">
 <pre class="brush: html">
&lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;SVG Equivalent&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_14.jpeg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3725/Test_Form_14.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_14.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3725/Test_Form_14.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;div class="svg-container"&gt;&lt;svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" id="img3" viewbox="0 0 276 183"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="opacity"&gt;
    &lt;feComponentTransfer&gt;
        &lt;feFuncA type="table" tableValues="0 0.5"&gt;
    &lt;/feComponentTransfer&gt;
 &lt;/filter&gt;
 &lt;image xlink:href="/files/3725/Test_Form_14.jpeg" filter="url(#opacity)" width="276px" height="183px" /&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;&lt;div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_14_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3726/Test_Form_14_s.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter: opacity(50%);
  -webkit-filter: opacity(50%);
  -o-filter: opacity(50%);
  -ms-filter: opacity(50%);
  filter: opacity(50%); }
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  width: 85%;
  height: 100%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('opacity_example','100%','210px','')}}</p>
<h3 id="saturate()"><code>saturate()</code></h3>
<p>Saturates the input image. The value of ‘<code class="property">amount</code>’ defines the proportion of the conversion. A value of 0% is completely un-saturated. A value of 100% leaves the input unchanged. Other values are linear multipliers on the effect. Values of amount over 100% are allowed, providing super-saturated results. If the ‘<code class="property">amount</code>’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: saturate(200%)</pre>
<div id="saturate_example" style="display:none">
 <pre class="brush: html">
&lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;SVG Equivalent&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_9.jpeg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3722/Test_Form_9.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_9.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3722/Test_Form_9.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;div class="svg-container"&gt;&lt;svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" id="img3" viewbox="0 0 201 239"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="saturate"&gt;
    &lt;feColorMatrix type="saturate"
               values="2"/&gt;
 &lt;/filter&gt;
 &lt;image xlink:href="/files/3722/Test_Form_9.jpeg" filter="url(#saturate)" width="201px" height="239px" /&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;&lt;div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_9_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3724/Test_Form_9_s.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter: saturate(200%);
  -webkit-filter: saturate(200%);
  -o-filter: saturate(200%);
  -ms-filter: saturate(200%);
  filter: saturate(200%); }
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  width: 85%;
  height: 100%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('saturate_example','100%','332px','')}}</p>
<h3 id="sepia()"><code>sepia()</code></h3>
<p>Converts the input image to sepia. The value of ‘<code class="property">amount</code>’ defines the proportion of the conversion. A value of 100% is completely sepia. A value of 0 leaves the input unchanged. Values between 0% and 100% are linear multipliers on the effect. If the ‘<code class="property">amount</code>’ parameter is missing, a value of 100% is used.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: sepia(100%)</pre>
<div id="sepia_example" style="display:none">
 <pre class="brush: html">
&lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;SVG Equivalent&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_12.jpeg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3727/Test_Form_12.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_12.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3727/Test_Form_12.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;div class="svg-container"&gt;&lt;svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" id="img3" viewbox="0 0 259 194"&gt;
 &lt;filter id="sepia"&gt;
    &lt;feColorMatrix type="matrix"
               values="0.393 0.769 0.189 0 0
                       0.349 0.686 0.168 0 0
                       0.272 0.534 0.131 0 0
                       0 0 0 1 0"/&gt;
 &lt;/filter&gt;
 &lt;image xlink:href="/files/3727/Test_Form_12.jpeg" filter="url(#sepia)" width="259px" height="194px" /&gt;
&lt;/svg&gt;&lt;div&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_12_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3728/Test_Form_12_s.jpg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter: sepia(100%);
  -webkit-filter: sepia(100%);
  -o-filter: sepia(100%);
  -ms-filter: sepia(100%);
  filter: sepia(100%); }
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  width: 85%;
  height: 100%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('sepia_example','100%','229px','')}}</p>
<h2 id="Combining_functions">Combining functions</h2>
<p>You may combine any number of functions to manipulate the rendering. The following example enhances the contrast and brightness of the image.</p>
<pre class="brush: css">
filter: contrast(175%) brightness(3%)</pre>
<div id="combination_example" style="display:none">
 <pre class="brush: html">
&lt;table class="standard-table"&gt;
  &lt;thead&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Original image&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Live example (may need to reload)&lt;/th&gt;
      &lt;th align="left" scope="col"&gt;Static example&lt;/th&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/thead&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_8.jpeg" id="img1" class="internal default" src="/files/3729/Test_Form_8.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_8.jpg" id="img2" class="internal default" src="/files/3729/Test_Form_8.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;&lt;img alt="Test_Form_8_s.jpg" id="img4" class="internal default" src="/files/3730/Test_Form_8_s.jpeg" style="width: 100%;" /&gt;&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
</pre>
 <pre class="brush: css">
html {
  height:100%;
}
body {
  font: 14px/1.286 "Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode","DejaVu Sans",Lucida,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;
  color: rgb(51, 51, 51);
  height:100%;
  overflow:hidden;
}
#img2 {
  width:100%;
  height:auto;
  -moz-filter: contrast(175%) brightness(103%);
  -webkit-filter: contrast(175%) brightness(103%);
  -o-filter: contrast(175%) brightness(103%);
  -ms-filter: contrast(175%) brightness(103%);
  filter: contrast(175%) brightness(103%);
}
table.standard-table {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border-spacing: 0px;
  margin: 0px 0px 1.286em;
  width: 85%;
  height: 100%;
}
table.standard-table th {
  border: 1px solid rgb(187, 187, 187);
  padding: 0px 5px;
  background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);
  text-align: left;
  font-weight: bold;
}
table.standard-table td {
  padding: 5px;
  border: 1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204);
  text-align: left;
  vertical-align: top;
  width:25%;
  height:auto;
}
#img3 {
  height:100%;
}
</pre>
</div>
<p>{{EmbedLiveSample('combination_example','100%','209px','')}}</p>
<h2 id="Specifications">Specifications</h2>
<table class="standard-table">
 <thead>
  <tr>
   <th scope="col">Specification</th>
   <th scope="col">Status</th>
   <th scope="col">Comment</th>
  </tr>
 </thead>
 <tbody>
  <tr>
   <td>{{ SpecName('Filters 1.0', '#FilterProperty', 'filter') }}</td>
   <td>{{ Spec2('Filters 1.0') }}</td>
   <td>Initial definition.</td>
  </tr>
 </tbody>
</table>
<h2 id="Browser_compatibility" name="Browser_compatibility">Browser compatibility</h2>
<p>{{ CompatibilityTable() }}</p>
<div id="compat-desktop">
 <table class="compat-table">
  <tbody>
   <tr>
    <th>Feature</th>
    <th>Chrome</th>
    <th>Firefox (Gecko)</th>
    <th>Internet Explorer</th>
    <th>Opera</th>
    <th>Safari (WebKit)</th>
   </tr>
   <tr>
    <td>Basic support</td>
    <td>18.0{{ property_prefix("-webkit") }}</td>
    <td>{{ CompatNo() }}<br />
     &nbsp;(see <a href="/en/CSS/filter#Gecko_notes" title="en/CSS/filter#Gecko_notes">note</a>)</td>
    <td>{{ CompatNo() }} (see <a href="/en/CSS/filter#Internet_explorer_notes" title="en/CSS/filter#Internet_explorer_notes">note</a>)</td>
    <td>17.0 {{ property_prefix("-webkit")}}</td>
    <td>{{ CompatVersionUnknown() }}{{ property_prefix("-webkit") }}</td>
   </tr>
  </tbody>
 </table>
</div>
<div id="compat-mobile">
 <table class="compat-table">
  <tbody>
   <tr>
    <th>Feature</th>
    <th>Android</th>
    <th>Firefox Mobile (Gecko)</th>
    <th>IE Mobile</th>
    <th>Opera Mobile</th>
    <th>Safari Mobile</th>
   </tr>
   <tr>
    <td>Basic support</td>
    <td>{{ CompatUnknown() }}</td>
    <td>{{ CompatUnknown() }}</td>
    <td>{{ CompatUnknown() }}</td>
    <td>{{ CompatUnknown() }}</td>
    <td>
     <p>{{ CompatUnknown() }}</p>
    </td>
   </tr>
  </tbody>
 </table>
</div>
<h3 id="Gecko_notes">Gecko notes</h3>
<p>Gecko currently only implements the <code>{{ anch("url()") }}</code> form of the <code>filter</code> property.</p>
<h3 id="Internet_Explorer_notes">Internet Explorer notes</h3>
<p>Internet Explorer 4.0 to 9.0 implemented a non-standard <code>filter</code> property. The syntax was completely different from this one and is not documented here.</p>
<h3 id="Chrome_notes">Chrome notes</h3>
<p>In Chrome 18 to 19, <code>saturate()</code> function only takes integers instead of decimal or percentage values. This bug is fixed in Chrome 20 and further.</p>
<h2 id="See_also">See also</h2>
<ul>
 <li><a class="internal" href="/en-US/docs/Applying_SVG_effects_to_HTML_content" title="En/Applying SVG effects to HTML content">Applying SVG effects to HTML content</a></li>
 <li>The {{ Cssxref("mask") }} property</li>
 <li><a class="internal" href="/en-US/docs/SVG" title="En/SVG">SVG</a></li>
 <li><a class="external" href="http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/filters/understanding-css/" title="http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/filters/understanding-css/">Understanding CSS filters</a>, HTML5Rocks! article</li>
 <li><a class="external" href="http://techstream.org/Web-Design/CSS3-Image-Filters" title="CSS filters">CSS 3 filters</a> Tech Stream article</li>
 <li><a class="external" href="http://davidwalsh.name/css-filters" title="CSS filters">CSS filters</a> By David Walsh</li>
</ul>
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