The CSS align-content property sets how the browser distributes space between and around content items along the cross-axis of a flexbox container.

This property has no effect on single line flexible boxes (i.e. ones with flex-wrap: nowrap).

Syntax

/* Basic positional alignment */
/* align-content does not take left and right values */
align-content: center;     /* Pack items around the center */
align-content: start;      /* Pack items from the start */
align-content: end;        /* Pack items from the end */
align-content: flex-start; /* Pack flex items from the start */
align-content: flex-end;   /* Pack flex items from the end */

/* Normal alignment */
align-content: normal;

/* Baseline alignment */ 
align-content: baseline;
align-content: first baseline;
align-content: last baseline;

/* Distributed alignment */
align-content: space-between; /* Distribute items evenly
                                 The first item is flush with the start,
                                 the last is flush with the end */
align-content: space-around;  /* Distribute items evenly
                                 Items have a half-size space
                                 on either end */
align-content: space-evenly;  /* Distribute items evenly
                                 Items have equal space around them */
align-content: stretch;       /* Distribute items evenly
                                 Stretch 'auto'-sized items to fit
                                 the container */

/* Overflow alignment */
align-content: safe center;
align-content: unsafe center;

/* Global values */
align-content: inherit;
align-content: initial;
align-content: unset;

Values

start
The items are packed flush to each other toward the start edge of the alignment container in the cross axis.
end
The items are packed flush to each other toward the end edge of the alignment container in the cross axis.
flex-start
The items are packed flush to each other toward the edge of the alignment container depending on the flex container's cross-start side.
This only applies to flex layout items. For items that are not children of a flex container, this value is treated like start.
flex-end
The items are packed flush to each other toward the edge of the alignment container depending on the flex container's cross-end side.
This only applies to flex layout items. For items that are not children of a flex container, this value is treated like end.
center
The items are packed flush to each other toward the center of the alignment container along the cross axis.
normal
The items are packed in their default position as if no align-content value was set.
baseline
first baseline

last baseline
the baseline is the line upon which most letters "sit" and below which descenders extend.
Specifies participation in first- or last-baseline alignment: aligns the alignment baseline of the box’s first or last baseline set with the corresponding baseline in the shared first or last baseline set of all the boxes in its baseline-sharing group.
The fallback alignment for first baseline is start, the one for last baseline is end.
space-between
The items are evenly distributed within the alignment container along the cross axis. The spacing between each pair of adjacent items is the same. The first item is flush with the main-start edge, and the last item is flush with the main-end edge.
space-around
The items are evenly distributed within the alignment container along the cross axis. The spacing between each pair of adjacent items is the same. The empty space before the first and after the last item equals half of the space between each pair of adjacent items.
space-evenly
The items are evenly distributed within the alignment container along the cross axis. The spacing between each pair of adjacent items, the main-start edge and the first item, and the main-end edge and the last item, are all exactly the same.
stretch
If the combined size of the items along the cross axis is less than the size of the alignment container, any auto-sized items have their size increased equally (not proportionally), while still respecting the constraints imposed by max-height/max-width (or equivalent functionality), so that the combined size exactly fills the alignment container along the cross axis.
safe
Used alongside an alignment keyword. If the chosen keyword means that the item overflows the alignment container causing data loss, the item is instead aligned as if the alignment mode were start.
unsafe
Used alongside an alignment keyword. Regardless of the relative sizes of the item and alignment container and whether overflow which causes data loss might happen, the given alignment value is honored.

Formal syntax

normal | <baseline-position> | <content-distribution> | <overflow-position>? <content-position>

where
<baseline-position> = [ first | last ]? baseline
<content-distribution> = space-between | space-around | space-evenly | stretch
<overflow-position> = unsafe | safe
<content-position> = center | start | end | flex-start | flex-end

Example

CSS

#container {
  height:200px;
  width: 240px;
  align-content: center; /* Can be changed in the live sample */
  background-color: #8c8c8c;
}

.flex {
  display: flex;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
}

.grid {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(auto-fill, 50px);
}

div > div {
  box-sizing: border-box;
  border: 2px solid #8c8c8c;
  width: 50px;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
}

#item1 {
  background-color: #8cffa0;
  min-height: 30px;
}

#item2 {
  background-color: #a0c8ff;
  min-height: 50px;
}

#item3 {
  background-color: #ffa08c;
  min-height: 40px;
}

#item4 {
  background-color: #ffff8c;
  min-height: 60px;
}

#item5 {
  background-color: #ff8cff;
  min-height: 70px;
}

#item6 {
  background-color: #8cffff;
  min-height: 50px;
  font-size: 30px;
}

select {
  font-size: 16px;
}

.row {
  margin-top: 10px;
}

HTML

<div id="container" class="flex">
  <div id="item1">1</div>
  <div id="item2">2</div>
  <div id="item3">3</div>
  <div id="item4">4</div>
  <div id="item5">5</div>
  <div id="item6">6</div>
</div>

<div class="row">
  <label for="display">display: </label>
  <select id="display">
    <option value="flex">flex</option>
    <option value="grid">grid</option>
  </select>
</div>

<div class="row">
  <label for="values">align-content: </label>
  <select id="values">
    <option value="normal">normal</option>
    <option value="stretch">stretch</option>
    <option value="flex-start">flex-start</option>
    <option value="flex-end">flex-end</option>
    <option value="center" selected>center</option>
    <option value="space-between">space-between</option>
    <option value="space-around">space-around</option>
    <option value="space-evenly">space-evenly</option>

    <option value="start">start</option>
    <option value="end">end</option>
    <option value="left">left</option>
    <option value="right">right</option>

    <option value="baseline">baseline</option>
    <option value="first baseline">first baseline</option>
    <option value="last baseline">last baseline</option>

    <option value="safe center">safe center</option>
    <option value="unsafe center">unsafe center</option>
    <option value="safe right">safe right</option>
    <option value="unsafe right">unsafe right</option>
    <option value="safe end">safe end</option>
    <option value="unsafe end">unsafe end</option>
    <option value="safe flex-end">safe flex-end</option>
    <option value="unsafe flex-end">unsafe flex-end</option>
  </select>
</div>

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Box Alignment Module Level 3
The definition of 'align-content' in that specification.
Working Draft Adds the [ first | last ]? baseline, start, end, left, right, unsafe | safe values.
CSS Flexible Box Layout Module
The definition of 'align-content' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition
Initial valuenormal
Applies tomulti-line flex containers
Inheritedno
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

Support in Flex layout

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 29
Full support 29
Full support 21
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12
Full support 12
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Full support 28
Full support 28
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 48
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 48: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 11Opera Full support 12.1Safari Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 6.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support 4.4
Full support 4.4
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 29
Full support 29
Full support 25
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 28
Full support 28
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 48
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 48: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 12.1Safari iOS Full support 9.2
Full support 9.2
Full support 7.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
space-evenlyChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 52IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 52Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
start and endChrome Partial support Partial
Notes
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Edge No support NoFirefox Full support YesIE No support NoOpera Partial support Partial
Notes
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Safari ? WebView Android Partial support Partial
Notes
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Chrome Android Partial support Partial
Notes
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android No support NoOpera Android Partial support Partial
Notes
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
left and rightChrome Partial support Partial
Notes
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Edge No support NoFirefox No support 52 — 60
Notes
No support 52 — 60
Notes
Notes align-content no longer accepts the left and right values
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
IE No support NoOpera Partial support Partial
Notes
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Safari ? WebView Android Partial support Partial
Notes
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Chrome Android Partial support Partial
Notes
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android No support 52 — 60
Notes
No support 52 — 60
Notes
Notes align-content no longer accepts the left and right values
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Opera Android Partial support Partial
Notes
Partial support Partial
Notes
Notes This value is recognized, but has no effect.
Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
baselineChrome Full support 57Edge No support NoFirefox Full support YesIE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari ? WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support 44Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0
first baseline and last baselineChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 52IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari ? WebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 52Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android No support No
stretchChrome Full support 57Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 52IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari ? WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 52Opera Android Full support 44Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0
safe and unsafeChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 63IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari ? WebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 63Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android No support No

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Partial support  
Partial support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

Support in Grid layout

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 57Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52IE ? Opera Full support 44Safari Full support 10.1WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 52Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 52Opera Android Full support 44Safari iOS Full support 10.3Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.2

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also