:out-of-range

The :out-of-range CSS pseudo-class represents an <input> element whose current value is outside the range limits specified by the min and max attributes.

Try it

This pseudo-class is useful for giving the user a visual indication that a field's current value is outside the permitted limits.

Note: This pseudo-class only applies to elements that have (and can take) a range limitation. In the absence of such a limitation, the element can neither be "in-range" nor "out-of-range."

Syntax

:out-of-range

Examples

HTML

<form action="" id="form1">
  <p>Values between 1 and 10 are valid.</p>
  <ul>
    <li>
      <input
        id="value1"
        name="value1"
        type="number"
        placeholder="1 to 10"
        min="1"
        max="10"
        value="12" />
      <label for="value1">Your value is </label>
    </li>
  </ul>
</form>

CSS

li {
  list-style: none;
  margin-bottom: 1em;
}

input {
  border: 1px solid black;
}

input:in-range {
  background-color: rgba(0, 255, 0, 0.25);
}

input:out-of-range {
  background-color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.25);
  border: 2px solid red;
}

input:in-range + label::after {
  content: "okay.";
}

input:out-of-range + label::after {
  content: "out of range!";
}

Result

Specifications

Specification
HTML Standard
# selector-out-of-range
Unknown specification
# out-of-range-pseudo

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also