:active

Summary

The :active CSS pseudo-class matches when an element is being activated by the user. It allows the page to give a feedback that the activation has been detected by the browser. When interacting with a mouse, this is typically the time between the user presses the mouse button and releases it. The :active pseudo-class is also typically matched when using the keyboard tab key. It is frequently used on <a> and <button> HTML elements, but may not be limited to just those.

This style may be overridden by any other link-related pseudo-classes, that is :link, :hover, and :visited, appearing in subsequent rules. In order to style appropriately links, you need to put the :active rule after all the other link-related rules, as defined by the LVHA-order: :link:visited:hover:active.

Note: On systems with multi-button mice, CSS 3 specifies that the :active pseudo-class must only apply to the primary button; on right-handed mice, this is typically the leftmost button.

Example

HTML

<body>
    <h1>:active CSS selector example</h1>
    <p>The following link will turn lime during the time you click it and release the click: <a href="#">Mozilla Developer Network</a>.</p>
</body>

CSS

body { background-color: #ffffc9 }
a:link { color: blue } /* unvisited links */
a:visited { color: purple } /* visited links */
a:hover { font-weight: bold } /* user hovers */
a:active { color: lime } /* active links */

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Selectors Level 4 Working Draft No change.
Selectors Level 3 Recommendation No change.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1) Recommendation No change.
CSS Level 1 Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Support on the <a> element 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 4.0 5.0 1.0
Support on any element 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 8.0 7.0 ?
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Support on the <a> element 1.0 1.0 (1.0) 6.0 6.0 1.0
Support on any element 1.0 1.0 (1.0) ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: kscarfone,
Hide Sidebar