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    XDomainRequest

    Obsolete
    This feature is obsolete. Although it may still work in some browsers, its use is discouraged since it could be removed at any time. Try to avoid using it.

    Non-standard
    This feature is non-standard and is not on a standards track. Do not use it on production sites facing the Web: it will not work for every user. There may also be large incompatibilities between implementations and the behavior may change in the future.

    Summary

    XDomainRequest is an implementation of HTTP access control (CORS) that worked in Internet Explorer 8 and 9. It was removed in Internet Explorer 10 in favor of using XMLHttpRequest with proper CORS; if you are targeting Internet Explorer 10 or later, or wish to support any other browser, you need to use standard HTTP access control.

    This interface can send both GET and POST requests.

    Syntax

    var xdr = new XDomainRequest();

    Returns a new XDomainRequest object, which can then be used to make and manage these requests.

    Properties

    XDomainRequest.timeout
    Gets or sets the amount of time until a request times out.
    XDomainRequest.responseText
    Gets the response body as a string.

    Methods

    XDomainRequest.open()
    Opens the request, specifing the method (GET/POST) and URL.
    XDomainRequest.send()
    Sends the request. POST data is specified in this method.
    XDomainRequest.abort()
    Aborts the request.

    Event handlers

    XDomainRequest.onprogress
    A handler for when the request has made progress between the send method call and the onload event.
    XDomainRequest.ontimeout
    A handler for when the request times out.
    XDomainRequest.onerror
    A handler for when a request has errored.
    XDomainRequest.onload
    A handler for when the full response has been received from the server.

    Example

    if(window.XDomainRequest){
      var xdr = new XDomainRequest();
    
      xdr.open("get", "http://example.com/api/method");
    
      xdr.onprogress = function () {
        //Progress
      };
    
      xdr.ontimeout = function () { 
        //Timeout
      };
    
      xdr.onerror = function () { 
        //Error Occured
      };
    
      xdr.onload = function() {
        //success(xdr.responseText);
      }
    
      setTimeout(function () {
        xdr.send();
      }, 0);
    }
     

    Note: The xdr.send() call is wrapped in a timeout (see window.setTimeout() to prevent an issue with the interface where some requests are lost if multiple XDomainRequests are being sent at the same time.

    Security

    The XDomainRequest is built to be secure in multiple ways.

    • The origin's security protocol must match that of the requested URL. (http to http, https to https). If these do not match, the request will error "Access is Denied".
    • The requested URL's server must have the Access-Control-Allow-Origin header set to either all ("*") or to include the origin of the request.

    Specifications

    This interface and its methods are non-standard.

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
    XDomainRequest Not supported Not supported 8.0-9.x Not supported Not supported
    Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    XDomainRequest Not supported Not supported ? Not supported Not supported

    Document Tags and Contributors

    Contributors to this page: Sheppy, teoli, AndrewMcGivery, Milakai
    Last updated by: teoli,