Baseline Widely available

This feature is well established and works across many devices and browser versions. It’s been available across browsers since March 2017.

The Response interface of the Fetch API represents the response to a request.

You can create a new Response object using the Response() constructor, but you are more likely to encounter a Response object being returned as the result of another API operation—for example, a service worker FetchEvent.respondWith, or a simple fetch().



Creates a new Response object.

Instance properties

Response.body Read only

A ReadableStream of the body contents.

Response.bodyUsed Read only

Stores a boolean value that declares whether the body has been used in a response yet.

Response.headers Read only

The Headers object associated with the response.

Response.ok Read only

A boolean indicating whether the response was successful (status in the range 200299) or not.

Response.redirected Read only

Indicates whether or not the response is the result of a redirect (that is, its URL list has more than one entry).

Response.status Read only

The status code of the response. (This will be 200 for a success).

Response.statusText Read only

The status message corresponding to the status code. (e.g., OK for 200).

Response.type Read only

The type of the response (e.g., basic, cors).

Response.url Read only

The URL of the response.

Static methods


Returns a new Response object associated with a network error.


Returns a new response with a different URL.


Returns a new Response object for returning the provided JSON encoded data.

Instance methods


Returns a promise that resolves with an ArrayBuffer representation of the response body.


Returns a promise that resolves with a Blob representation of the response body.


Returns a promise that resolves with a Uint8Array representation of the response body.


Creates a clone of a Response object.


Returns a promise that resolves with a FormData representation of the response body.


Returns a promise that resolves with the result of parsing the response body text as JSON.


Returns a promise that resolves with a text representation of the response body.


Fetching an image

In our basic fetch example (run example live) we use a simple fetch() call to grab an image and display it in an <img> element. The fetch() call returns a promise, which resolves to the Response object associated with the resource fetch operation.

You'll notice that since we are requesting an image, we need to run Response.blob to give the response its correct MIME type.

const image = document.querySelector(".my-image");
  .then((response) => response.blob())
  .then((blob) => {
    const objectURL = URL.createObjectURL(blob);
    image.src = objectURL;

You can also use the Response() constructor to create your own custom Response object:

const response = new Response();

A PHP Call

Here we call a PHP program file that generates a JSON string, displaying the result as a JSON value.

// Function to fetch JSON using PHP
const getJSON = async () => {
  // Generate the Response object
  const response = await fetch("getJSON.php");
  if (response.ok) {
    // Get JSON value from the response body
    return response.json();
  throw new Error("*** PHP file not found");

// Call the function and output value or error message to console
  .then((result) => console.log(result))
  .catch((error) => console.error(error));


Fetch Standard
# response-class

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also