What is RSS

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This page explains what RSS is. You will not yet be creating your own RSS files, but you will be seeing how RSS is commonly used and simple example RSS files for these common uses. You will also be getting a little history on RSS.


What is RSS?

The most popular versions of RSS are XML-based markup languages used for syndication. (Although RDF-based RSS formats exist. Namely the deprecated RSS 0.90 and RSS 1.0.) Common uses of RSS syndication are for the syndication of news web sites, of blogs, of IPradio, and of IPTV.

This tutorial teaches RSS 2.0. But makes an effort to point out issues with other versions of RSS.

RSS is almost never written by hand. But almost always created by server side software (usually written in a language like PHP, Java, C# or Python) on the web server. However, so that we can learn RSS, we will be creating RSS scripts by hand.

Short History of RSS

In March of 1999 Netscape released RSS 0.90. It was much much different than today's RSS. It wasn't really a format for syndication, but was a format for providing a summary of a website. In fact, back then, RSS did not stand for Really Simple Syndication but stood for Rich Site Summary.

In July of 1999 Netscape's RSS 0.91 was released. Like RSS 0.90, Netscape's RSS 0.91 was also a format for providing a summary of a website, and not really a syndication format (as it is today). Netscape's RSS 0.91 was created to simplify things. RSS 0.90 was RDF-based. (Which many found to be overly complex.) Netscape's RSS 0.91 was only XML-based and added a DTD to allow several entities (commonly found in HTML).

So at this point Netscape deprecated the RDF-based RSS 0.90 and told everyone to use Netscape's RSS 0.91, which was XML-based.

In June of 2000 Userland's RSS 0.91 was released. (And yes, that means that there are 2 different version of RSS 0.91.) The difference between the 2 different versions of RSS 0.91 -- Netscape's RSS 0.91 and Userland's RSS 0.91 -- is that Userland's RSS 0.91 does not have the DTD that Netscape's RSS 0.91 has; and thus doesn't have the extra entities that Netscape's RSS 0.91 has (commonly found in HTML). Other than that though, they are the same. Technically speaking, Userland's RSS 0.91 is a subset of Netscape's RSS 0.91.

In December of 2000 the RSS-DEV working group released RSS 1.0. This version of RSS was no longer purely XML-based, but was RDF-based (like the original and now deprecated RSS 0.90). The RSS-DEV working group changed what RSS stood for, and made it stand for RDF Site Summary. (At least, this is that it stood for for their version of RSS.)

So at this point we had Netscape's RSS 0.91, Userland's RSS 0.91, and the RSS-DEV working group's RSS 1.0.

Later that same December Userland released RSS 0.92. RSS 0.92 was meant to replace Userland's RSS 0.91. (If you notice though, the RSS versioning number got all messed up at this point. RSS 0.92 is newer than RSS 1.0.)

So at this point we had Netscape's RSS 0.91, the RSS-DEV working group's RSS 1.0, and Userland's RSS 0.92.

In April 2001 Userland released a draft for RSS 0.93. This version of RSS was never made "final" and was only ever a draft, and never became a replacement for Userland's RSS 0.92.

In August 2002 Userland released a draft for RSS 0.94. Like RSS 0.93, this version of RSS was never made "final" and was only ever a draft, and never became a replacement for Userland's RSS 0.92.

So at this point we still had Netscape's RSS 0.91, the RSS-DEV working group's RSS 1.0, and Userland's RSS 0.92. (Although some were using RSS 0.93 and RSS 0.94 even though they weren't suppose to.)

In September 2002 Userland released RSS 2.0. RSS 2.0 was meant to be a replacement for RSS 0.92 (and the RSS 0.93 and RSS 0.94 drafts that no one was suppose to use). Userland bumped up the version number all the way up to 2.0 because the RSS-DEV working group already used 1.0 with their RDF-based RSS 1.0.

So at this point we had Netscape's RSS 0.91, the RSS-DEV working group's RSS 1.0, and Userland's RSS 2.0.

Now, the story does not quite end there. Once in November 2002 and another time in January 2003, RSS 2.0 was changed from its original specification, by Userland. And although these are each are different, they all label themselves as RSS 2.0 on the <rss> element.

So now, at this point, we still have Netscape's RSS 0.91 (since Netscape never deprecated it) although most people don't use it anymore. Most people use either the RDF-based RSS 1.0 or the XML-based RSS 2.0. With the XML-based RSS 2.0 seeming to be the most popular. (This tutorial uses RSS 2.0.)

How RSS is Used Today

Today, RSS is mostly used for syndication. Syndication is the process of telling others that you have content for them to consume. In other words, when you syndicate, you are telling everyone something like: "Hey everyone, I've got articles that I want everyone to come and read. Just subscribe to my RSS feed and you will be able to get the latest ones all the time.".

NOTE: If you provide a non-password-protected RSS feed, you are implicitly giving everyone permission to use the contents in you RSS feed in almost any way they see fit. They can read it. The can make local copies of it. They can share that local copy. They can put it on their web site. They can even re-syndicated it. And more.

If you don't want any of that done, then don't put it in a non-password-protected RSS feed. (And don't make the password public of course.)

News web sites use RSS to provide everyone with a list of their newest articles. For example:

   
    <?xml version="1.0"?>

    <rss version="2.0">
    
        <channel>
            <title>Example News Site</title>
            <description>This is an Example News Site.</description>
            <lastBuildDate>Wed, 27 Jul 2005 00:30:30 -0700</lastBuildDate>
            <link>http://news.example.com/</link>

            <item>
                <title>News Flash: I Like Bread</title>
                <guid>4d4a0a12-f188-4c97-908b-eea27213c2fe</guid>
                <pubDate>Wed, 27 Jul 2005 00:30:30 -0700</pubDate>
                <link>http://news.example.com/artcle/554</link>
            </item>
            <item>
                <title>Big News Today: Birds Fly</title>
                <guid>c4a63f09-b45b-466b-8773-6ff264001ab7</guid>
                <pubDate>Tue, 19 Jul 2005 04:32:51 -0700</pubDate>
                <link>http://news.example.com/artcle/553</link>
            </item>
            <item>
                <title>Fire is Hot</title>
                <guid>c1795324-d5ea-44fa-95b1-b5ce2090d4f1</guid>
                <pubDate>Sun, 15 May 2005 13:02:08 -0700</pubDate>
                <link>http://news.example.com/artcle/552</link>
            </item>
        </channel>
    
    </rss>
    

Bloggers use RSS to provide everyone with a list of their newest blog posts. For example:

   
    <?xml version="1.0"?>

    <rss version="2.0">
    
        <channel>
            <title>Joe Blow's Blog</title>
            <description>This is the Weblog of Joe Blow</description>
            <lastBuildDate>Sun, 15 May 2005 13:02:08 -0500</lastBuildDate>
            <link>http://joe-blow.example.net/</link>

            <item>
                <title>I Be Blogging...</title>
                <guid>http://joe-blow.example.net/log/21</guid>
                <pubDate>Sun, 15 May 2005 13:02:08 -0500</pubDate>
                <link>http://joe-blow.example.net/log/21</link>
            </item>
            <item>
                <title>I am so SMRT</title>
                <guid>http://joe-blow.example.net/log/20</guid>
                <pubDate>Sat, 14 May 2005 22:19:18 -0500</pubDate>
                <link>http://joe-blow.example.net/log/20</link>
            </item>
            <item>
                <title>Huh?</title>
                <guid>http://joe-blow.example.net/log/19</guid>
                <pubDate>Sat, 14 May 2005 09:55:59 -0500</pubDate>
                <link>http://joe-blow.example.net/log/19</link>
            </item>
            <item>
                <title>Black Cat Spotted</title>
                <guid>http://joe-blow.example.net/log/18</guid>
                <pubDate>Fri, 13 May 2005 13:13:13 -0500</pubDate>
                <link>http://joe-blow.example.net/log/18</link>
            </item>
        </channel>
    
    </rss>
    

Those who create IPradio use RSS to allow users to broadcatch their shows. For example:

   
    <?xml version="1.0"?>

    <rss version="2.0">
    
        <channel>
            <title>Joe's IPradio Show</title>
            <description>The best IPradio Show on the Internet, staring Joe!</description>
            <lastBuildDate>Mon, 15 Aug 2005 16:12:37 -0400</lastBuildDate>
            <link>http://joe.ipradio.example.net/</link>

            <item>
                <title>I C UR Tan Line</title>
                <guid>http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/55</guid>
                <pubDate>Mon, 15 Aug 2005 16:11:57 -0400</pubDate>
                <enclosure url="http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/55"
                           length="4487216"
                           type="application/ogg"
                />
            </item>
            <item>
                <title>Car Care for Car Fanatics</title>
                <guid>http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/54</guid>
                <pubDate>Mon, 8 Aug 2005 13:12:12 -0400</pubDate>
                <enclosure url="http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/54"
                           length="4892178"
                           type="audio/x-mp3"
                />
            </item>
            <item>
                <title>Best Beaches in BC</title>
                <guid>http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/53</guid>
                <pubDate>Mon, 1 Aug 2005 18:22:14 -0400</pubDate>
                <enclosure url="http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/53"
                           length="3984215"
                           type="application/ogg"
                />
            </item>
        </channel>
    
    </rss>
    

NOTE: Broadcatching of IPradio is sometimes call Podcasting. However, it is suggested that this term is not used. Apple seems to own a registered trademark on the term. And thus owns the word.

Those who create IPTV use RSS to allow users to broadcatch their shows. For example:

   
    <?xml version="1.0"?>

    <rss version="2.0">
    
        <channel>
            <title>Kate's IPTV Show</title>
            <description>Watch it or else!  You know you want to.</description>
            <lastBuildDate>Tue, 23 Aug 2005 21:02:05 -0800</lastBuildDate>
            <link>http://katetv.example.com/</link>

            <item>
                <title>This is Fun</title>
                <guid>http://katetv.example.com/show/4</guid>
                <pubDate>Tue, 23 Aug 2005 21:02:05 -0800</pubDate>
                <enclosure url="http://katetv.example.com/show/4"
                           length="1911146"
                           type="application/ogg"
                />
            </item>
            <item>
                <title>Watch This</title>
                <guid>http://katetv.example.com/show/3</guid>
                <pubDate>Tue, 16 Aug 2005 16:11:57 -0400</pubDate>
                <enclosure url="http://katetv.example.com/show/3"
                           length="1387442"
                           type="application/ogg"
                />
            </item>
            <item>
                <title>It is me again</title>
                <guid>http://katetv.example.com/show/2</guid>
                <pubDate>Tue, 9 Aug 2005 13:12:12 -0400</pubDate>
                <enclosure url="http://katetv.example.com/show/2"
                           length="1894877"
                           type="video/mpeg"
                />
            </item>
            <item>
                <title>Hello</title>
                <guid>http://katetv.example.com/show/1</guid>
                <pubDate>Tue, 2 Aug 2005 18:22:14 -0400</pubDate>
                <enclosure url="http://katetv.example.com/show/1"
                           length="17442215"
                           type="application/ogg"
                />
            </item>
        </channel>
    
    </rss>
    

The observant reader may have noticed that the news web site and blogger examples were the same type of RSS. And also that the IPradio and IPTV examples were the same type of RSS. In fact, the only real difference between the news/blogger RSS and the IPradio/IPTV RSS is that the news/blogger RSS uses the <link> element and the IPradio/IPTV RSS uses the <enclosure> element.

NOTE: These RSS examples are very very simple. And were designed to give you an idea about what RSS basically looks like. All these RSS examples are very minimal. When you create your own RSS feeds, you will likely want to make them more complex than these and include additional RSS elements and make use of the various RSS Modules.

{{template.Next("RSS:Getting_Started:Why_use_RSS")}}

{{ wiki.languages( { "pl": "pl/RSS/Na_pocz\u0105tek/Czym_jest_RSS" } ) }}

Revision Source

<p>
</p><p>This page explains what RSS is.  You will not yet be creating your own RSS files, but you will be seeing how RSS is commonly used and simple example RSS files for these common uses.  You will also be getting a little history on RSS.
</p><p><br>
</p>
<h3 name="What_is_RSS.3F"> What is RSS? </h3>
<p>The most popular <a href="en/RSS/Version">versions of RSS</a> are <a href="en/XML">XML</a>-based markup languages used for syndication.  (Although <a href="en/RDF">RDF</a>-based RSS formats exist.  Namely the deprecated <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.90">RSS 0.90</a> and <a href="en/RSS/Version/1.0">RSS 1.0</a>.)  Common uses of RSS syndication are for the syndication of news web sites, of blogs, of IPradio, and of IPTV.
</p><p>This tutorial teaches <a href="en/RSS/Version/2.0">RSS 2.0</a>.  But makes an effort to point out issues with other <a href="en/RSS/Version">versions of RSS</a>.
</p><p>RSS is almost never written by hand.  But almost always created by server side software (usually written in a language like PHP, Java, C# or Python) on the web server.  However, so that we can learn RSS, we will be creating RSS scripts by hand.
</p>
<h3 name="Short_History_of_RSS"> Short History of RSS </h3>
<p>In March of 1999 Netscape released <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.90">RSS 0.90</a>.  It was much much different than today's RSS.  It wasn't really a format for syndication, but was a format for providing a summary of a website.  In fact, back then, RSS did not stand for <b>Really Simple Syndication</b> but stood for <b>Rich Site Summary</b>.
</p><p>In July of 1999 <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Netscape">Netscape's RSS 0.91</a> was released.  Like <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.90">RSS 0.90</a>, Netscape's RSS 0.91 was also a format for providing a summary of a website, and not really a syndication format (as it is today).  Netscape's RSS 0.91 was created to simplify things.  RSS 0.90 was <a href="en/RDF">RDF</a>-based.  (Which many found to be overly complex.)  Netscape's RSS 0.91 was only <a href="en/XML">XML</a>-based and added a <a href="en/DTD">DTD</a> to allow several entities (commonly found in <a href="en/HTML">HTML</a>).
</p><p>So at this point Netscape deprecated the <a href="en/RDF">RDF</a>-based <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.90">RSS 0.90</a> and told everyone to use <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Netscape">Netscape's RSS 0.91</a>, which was <a href="en/XML">XML</a>-based.
</p><p>In June of 2000 <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Userland">Userland's RSS 0.91</a> was released.  (And yes, that means that there are 2 different version of <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91">RSS 0.91</a>.)  The difference between the 2 different versions of <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91">RSS 0.91</a> -- <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Netscape">Netscape's RSS 0.91</a> and <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Userland">Userland's RSS 0.91</a> -- is that Userland's RSS 0.91 does not have the <a href="en/DTD">DTD</a> that Netscape's RSS 0.91 has; and thus doesn't have the extra entities that Netscape's RSS 0.91 has (commonly found in <a href="en/HTML">HTML</a>).  Other than that though, they are the same.  Technically speaking, Userland's RSS 0.91 is a subset of Netscape's RSS 0.91.
</p><p>In December of 2000 the RSS-DEV working group released <a href="en/RSS/Version/1.0">RSS 1.0</a>.  This version of RSS was no longer purely <a href="en/XML">XML</a>-based, but was <a href="en/RDF">RDF</a>-based (like the original and now deprecated <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.90">RSS 0.90</a>).  The RSS-DEV working group changed what RSS stood for, and made it stand for <b>RDF Site Summary</b>.  (At least, this is that it stood for for their version of RSS.)
</p><p>So at this point we had <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Netscape">Netscape's RSS 0.91</a>, <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Userland">Userland's RSS 0.91</a>, and the RSS-DEV working group's <a href="en/RSS/Version/1.0">RSS 1.0</a>.
</p><p>Later that same December Userland released <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.92">RSS 0.92</a>.  RSS 0.92 was meant to replace <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Userland">Userland's RSS 0.91</a>.  (If you notice though, the RSS versioning number got all messed up at this point.  RSS 0.92 is newer than <a href="en/RSS/Version/1.0">RSS 1.0</a>.)
</p><p>So at this point we had <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Netscape">Netscape's RSS 0.91</a>, the RSS-DEV working group's <a href="en/RSS/Version/1.0">RSS 1.0</a>, and Userland's <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.92">RSS 0.92</a>.
</p><p>In April 2001 Userland released a draft for <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.93">RSS 0.93</a>.  This version of RSS was never made "final" and was only ever a draft, and never became a replacement for Userland's <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.92">RSS 0.92</a>.
</p><p>In August 2002 Userland released a draft for <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.94">RSS 0.94</a>.  Like <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.93">RSS 0.93</a>, this version of RSS was never made "final" and was only ever a draft, and never became a replacement for Userland's <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.92">RSS 0.92</a>.
</p><p>So at this point we <em>still</em> had <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Netscape">Netscape's RSS 0.91</a>, the RSS-DEV working group's <a href="en/RSS/Version/1.0">RSS 1.0</a>, and Userland's <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.92">RSS 0.92</a>.  (Although some were using <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.93">RSS 0.93</a> and <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.94">RSS 0.94</a> even though they weren't suppose to.)
</p><p>In September 2002 Userland released <a href="en/RSS/Version/2.0">RSS 2.0</a>.  RSS 2.0 was meant to be a replacement for <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.92">RSS 0.92</a> (and the <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.93">RSS 0.93</a> and <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.94">RSS 0.94</a> drafts that no one was suppose to use).  Userland bumped up the version number all the way up to <b>2.0</b> because the RSS-DEV working group already used <b>1.0</b> with their <a href="en/RDF">RDF</a>-based <a href="en/RSS/Version/1.0">RSS 1.0</a>.
</p><p>So at this point we had <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Netscape">Netscape's RSS 0.91</a>, the RSS-DEV working group's <a href="en/RSS/Version/1.0">RSS 1.0</a>, and Userland's <a href="en/RSS/Version/2.0">RSS 2.0</a>.
</p><p>Now, the story does not quite end there.  Once in November 2002 and another time in January 2003, <a href="en/RSS/Version/2.0">RSS 2.0</a> was changed from its original specification, by Userland.  And although these are each are different, they all label themselves as RSS 2.0 on the <a href="en/RSS/Element/rss">&lt;rss&gt;</a> element.
</p><p>So now, at this point, we still have <a href="en/RSS/Version/0.91/Netscape">Netscape's RSS 0.91</a> (since Netscape never deprecated it) although most people don't use it anymore.  Most people use either the <a href="en/RDF">RDF</a>-based <a href="en/RSS/Version/1.0">RSS 1.0</a> or the <a href="en/XML">XML</a>-based <a href="en/RSS/Version/2.0">RSS 2.0</a>.  With the XML-based RSS 2.0 seeming to be the most popular.  (This tutorial uses <a href="en/RSS/Version/2.0">RSS 2.0</a>.)
</p>
<h3 name="How_RSS_is_Used_Today"> How RSS is Used Today </h3>
<p>Today, RSS is mostly used for syndication.  Syndication is the process of telling others that you have content for them to consume.  In other words, when you syndicate, you are telling everyone something like: "Hey everyone, I've got articles that I want everyone to come and read.  Just subscribe to my RSS feed and you will be able to get the latest ones all the time.".
</p>
<div class="note">
<p><b>NOTE</b>: If you provide a non-password-protected RSS feed, you are implicitly giving everyone permission to use the contents in you RSS feed in almost any way they see fit.  They can read it.  The can make local copies of it.  They can share that local copy.  They can put it on their web site.  They can even re-syndicated it.  And more.
</p><p>If you don't want any of that done, then don't put it in a non-password-protected RSS feed.  (And don't make the password public of course.)
</p>
</div>
<p>News web sites use RSS to provide everyone with a list of their newest articles.  For example:
</p>
<pre class="eval">   <span class="plain">
    &lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;

    &lt;rss version="2.0"&gt;
    
        &lt;channel&gt;
            &lt;title&gt;Example News Site&lt;/title&gt;
            &lt;description&gt;This is an Example News Site.&lt;/description&gt;
            &lt;lastBuildDate&gt;Wed, 27 Jul 2005 00:30:30 -0700&lt;/lastBuildDate&gt;
            &lt;link&gt;http://news.example.com/&lt;/link&gt;

            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;News Flash: I Like Bread&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;4d4a0a12-f188-4c97-908b-eea27213c2fe&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Wed, 27 Jul 2005 00:30:30 -0700&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;link&gt;http://news.example.com/artcle/554&lt;/link&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;Big News Today: Birds Fly&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;c4a63f09-b45b-466b-8773-6ff264001ab7&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Tue, 19 Jul 2005 04:32:51 -0700&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;link&gt;http://news.example.com/artcle/553&lt;/link&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;Fire is Hot&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;c1795324-d5ea-44fa-95b1-b5ce2090d4f1&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Sun, 15 May 2005 13:02:08 -0700&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;link&gt;http://news.example.com/artcle/552&lt;/link&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
        &lt;/channel&gt;
    
    &lt;/rss&gt;
    </span>
</pre>
<p>Bloggers use RSS to provide everyone with a list of their newest blog posts.  For example:
</p>
<pre class="eval">   <span class="plain">
    &lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;

    &lt;rss version="2.0"&gt;
    
        &lt;channel&gt;
            &lt;title&gt;Joe Blow's Blog&lt;/title&gt;
            &lt;description&gt;This is the Weblog of Joe Blow&lt;/description&gt;
            &lt;lastBuildDate&gt;Sun, 15 May 2005 13:02:08 -0500&lt;/lastBuildDate&gt;
            &lt;link&gt;http://joe-blow.example.net/&lt;/link&gt;

            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;I Be Blogging...&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://joe-blow.example.net/log/21&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Sun, 15 May 2005 13:02:08 -0500&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;link&gt;http://joe-blow.example.net/log/21&lt;/link&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;I am so SMRT&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://joe-blow.example.net/log/20&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Sat, 14 May 2005 22:19:18 -0500&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;link&gt;http://joe-blow.example.net/log/20&lt;/link&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;Huh?&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://joe-blow.example.net/log/19&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Sat, 14 May 2005 09:55:59 -0500&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;link&gt;http://joe-blow.example.net/log/19&lt;/link&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;Black Cat Spotted&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://joe-blow.example.net/log/18&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Fri, 13 May 2005 13:13:13 -0500&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;link&gt;http://joe-blow.example.net/log/18&lt;/link&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
        &lt;/channel&gt;
    
    &lt;/rss&gt;
    </span>
</pre>
<p>Those who create IPradio use RSS to allow users to broadcatch their shows.  For example:
</p>
<pre class="eval">   <span class="plain">
    &lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;

    &lt;rss version="2.0"&gt;
    
        &lt;channel&gt;
            &lt;title&gt;Joe's IPradio Show&lt;/title&gt;
            &lt;description&gt;The best IPradio Show on the Internet, staring Joe!&lt;/description&gt;
            &lt;lastBuildDate&gt;Mon, 15 Aug 2005 16:12:37 -0400&lt;/lastBuildDate&gt;
            &lt;link&gt;http://joe.ipradio.example.net/&lt;/link&gt;

            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;I C UR Tan Line&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/55&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Mon, 15 Aug 2005 16:11:57 -0400&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;enclosure url="http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/55"
                           length="4487216"
                           type="application/ogg"
                /&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;Car Care for Car Fanatics&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/54&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Mon, 8 Aug 2005 13:12:12 -0400&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;enclosure url="http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/54"
                           length="4892178"
                           type="audio/x-mp3"
                /&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;Best Beaches in BC&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/53&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Mon, 1 Aug 2005 18:22:14 -0400&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;enclosure url="http://joe.ipradio.example.net/show/53"
                           length="3984215"
                           type="application/ogg"
                /&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
        &lt;/channel&gt;
    
    &lt;/rss&gt;
    </span>
</pre>
<div class="note">
<p><b>NOTE</b>: Broadcatching of IPradio is sometimes call Podcasting.  However, it is suggested that this term is not used.  Apple seems to own a registered trademark on the term.  And thus <b>owns</b> the word.
</p>
</div>
<p>Those who create IPTV use RSS to allow users to broadcatch their shows.  For example:
</p>
<pre class="eval">   <span class="plain">
    &lt;?xml version="1.0"?&gt;

    &lt;rss version="2.0"&gt;
    
        &lt;channel&gt;
            &lt;title&gt;Kate's IPTV Show&lt;/title&gt;
            &lt;description&gt;Watch it or else!  You know you want to.&lt;/description&gt;
            &lt;lastBuildDate&gt;Tue, 23 Aug 2005 21:02:05 -0800&lt;/lastBuildDate&gt;
            &lt;link&gt;http://katetv.example.com/&lt;/link&gt;

            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;This is Fun&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://katetv.example.com/show/4&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Tue, 23 Aug 2005 21:02:05 -0800&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;enclosure url="http://katetv.example.com/show/4"
                           length="1911146"
                           type="application/ogg"
                /&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;Watch This&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://katetv.example.com/show/3&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Tue, 16 Aug 2005 16:11:57 -0400&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;enclosure url="http://katetv.example.com/show/3"
                           length="1387442"
                           type="application/ogg"
                /&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;It is me again&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://katetv.example.com/show/2&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Tue, 9 Aug 2005 13:12:12 -0400&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;enclosure url="http://katetv.example.com/show/2"
                           length="1894877"
                           type="video/mpeg"
                /&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
            &lt;item&gt;
                &lt;title&gt;Hello&lt;/title&gt;
                &lt;guid&gt;http://katetv.example.com/show/1&lt;/guid&gt;
                &lt;pubDate&gt;Tue, 2 Aug 2005 18:22:14 -0400&lt;/pubDate&gt;
                &lt;enclosure url="http://katetv.example.com/show/1"
                           length="17442215"
                           type="application/ogg"
                /&gt;
            &lt;/item&gt;
        &lt;/channel&gt;
    
    &lt;/rss&gt;
    </span>
</pre>
<p>The observant reader may have noticed that the <i>news web site</i> and <i>blogger</i> examples were the same type of RSS.  And also that the <i>IPradio</i> and <i>IPTV</i> examples were the same type of RSS.  In fact, the only real difference between the news/blogger RSS and the IPradio/IPTV RSS is that the news/blogger RSS uses the <a href="en/RSS/Element/link">&lt;link&gt;</a> element and the IPradio/IPTV RSS uses the <a href="en/RSS/Element/enclosure">&lt;enclosure&gt;</a> element.
</p>
<div class="note">
<p><b>NOTE</b>: These RSS examples are very very simple.  And were designed to give you an idea about what RSS basically looks like.  All these RSS examples are very minimal.  When you create your own RSS feeds, you will likely want to make them more complex than these and include additional <a href="en/RSS/Element">RSS elements</a> and make use of the various <a href="en/RSS/Module">RSS Modules</a>.
</p>
</div>
<p>{{template.Next("RSS:Getting_Started:Why_use_RSS")}}
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