tree

A container which can be used to hold a tabular or hierarchical set of rows of elements. The tree may contain any number of rows and any number of columns. Each row of the tree may contain child rows which are displayed indented from the parent. Unlike other elements, the data to display inside the tree is not specified using tags, but is determined from a view object. The view object implements the nsITreeView interface. The view is queried for the data to appear in the tree. There are several ways in which trees are used, as listed below. The second column lists the interfaces available via the tree's view property. The third column indicates whether treeitem element are used.

If you would like to allow the tree to be horizontally scrolled, simply set the width attributes for each column to make the tree wider than its containing object.

Tree type View interfaces Has DOM nodes? Description
Content tree nsITreeView, nsITreeContentView Yes This tree has treeitem elements placed within the treechildren element. In this situation, a content view (which implements the interface nsITreeContentView) which is a more specialized type of view, uses the treeitem elements and their descendants to determine the data to display in the tree. However, the treeitems are not displayed directly; they are used only as data to the content view. However, the content view will automatically update the tree if treeitems are changed.
RDF tree nsITreeView, nsIXULTreeBuilder No This tree is generated from an RDF datasource. It is used when a tree has a datasources attribute, and has dont-build-content in its flags attribute. For this tree, the data comes directly from the RDF datasource. DOM treeitems are not created. Even though the template uses treeitem elements to define the content, DOM nodes for these elements are not created. This is the type that should be used for RDF generated trees with lots of rows.
RDF content tree nsITreeView, nsIXULTreeBuilder, nsITreeContentView Yes This tree is generated from an RDF datasource. It is similar to the previous type but is used when the tree does not have dont-build-content in its flags attribute. DOM treeitems are created, so you can access the data using RDF functions or DOM functions. This type is suitable for RDF generated trees with a fairly small number of rows.
Custom tree view nsITreeView No For this tree you implement the nsITreeView interface yourself. The tree's data is retrieved from this custom view. The custom view should be attached to the tree by setting its view property.

More information is available in the XUL tutorial. Also Tree Widget Changes.

Relevant accessbility guidelines
  • Provide alternative access (for example, via menus) to column picker and for header behaviors like sorting (these have no default keyboard access).
Attributes
disableKeyNavigation, disabled, editable, enableColumnDrag, flags, hidecolumnpicker, onselect, rows, seltype, statedatasource, tabindex, treelines
Properties
accessibleType, builderView, columns, contentView, currentIndex, disableKeyNavigation, disabled, editingColumn, editingRow, enableColumnDrag, firstOrdinalColumn, inputField, selType, selstyle, tabIndex, treeBoxObject, view

Examples

A tree with several columns

<tree flex="1" rows="2">

  <treecols>
    <treecol id="sender" label="Sender" flex="1"/>
    <treecol id="subject" label="Subject" flex="2"/>
  </treecols>

  <treechildren>
    <treeitem>
      <treerow>
        <treecell label="joe@somewhere.com"/>
        <treecell label="Top secret plans"/>
      </treerow>
    </treeitem>
    <treeitem>
      <treerow>
        <treecell label="mel@whereever.com"/>
        <treecell label="Let's do lunch"/>
      </treerow>
    </treeitem>
  </treechildren>

</tree>
Image:trees1.png

A tree with several columns and nested items

<tree id="myTree" flex="1" hidecolumnpicker="false" seltype="single" class="tree"
      rows="5">
  <treecols id="myTree2-treeCols">
    <treecol id="myTree2-treeCol0" primary="true" flex="2" label="Column A"
             persist="width" ordinal="1"/>
    <splitter class="tree-splitter" ordinal="2"/>
    <treecol id="myTree2-treeCol1" flex="1" label="Column B"
             persist="width" ordinal="3"/>
  </treecols>
  <treechildren>
    <treeitem>
      <treerow>
        <treecell label="1"/>
        <treecell label="a"/>
      </treerow>
    </treeitem>
    <!-- Make sure to set container="true" -->
    <treeitem container="true" open="true">
      <treerow>
        <treecell label="2"/>
        <treecell label="b"/>
      </treerow>
      <treechildren>
        <treeitem>
          <treerow>
            <treecell label="2a"/>
            <treecell label="ba"/>
          </treerow>
        </treeitem>
      </treechildren>
    </treeitem>
  </treechildren>
</tree>

Attributes

disabled
Type: boolean
Indicates whether the element is disabled or not. If this element is set to true the element is disabled. Disabled elements are usually drawn with grayed-out text. If the element is disabled, it does not respond to user actions, it cannot be focused, and the command event will not fire.
Visible controls have a disabled property which, except for menus and menuitems, is normally preferred to use of the attribute, as it may need to update additional state.
disableKeyNavigation
Type: boolean
If this attribute is not used, the user can navigate to specific items within the element by pressing keys corresponding to letters in the item's label. This is done incrementally, so typing more letters with select more specific items. This feature may be disabled by setting this attribute to true.
editable
Type: boolean
Indicates that the cells of the tree may be edited.
enableColumnDrag
Type: boolean
When set to true, the user may drag the column headers around to change the order in which they are displayed.
flags
Type: space-separated list of the values below
A set of flags used for miscellaneous purposes. Two flags are defined, which may be the value of this attribute.
  • dont-test-empty: For template generated content, the builder will not check that a container is empty.
  • dont-build-content: This flag may be used on a tree to indicate that content elements should not be generated. This results in a performance enhancement, but you will not be able to use the DOM functions to retrieve the tree rows.
hidecolumnpicker
Type: boolean
When set to false, a drop-down will appear in the upper right corner of the tree, which the user may use to show and hide columns. When set to true, the column picker will be hidden. The default value is false.
onselect
Type: script code
This event is sent to a tree when a row is selected, or whenever the selection changes. The user can select multiple rows by holding down Shift or Control and clicking on a row. The onselect event will be sent for each item added to or removed from the selection.
rows
Type: integer
The number of rows to display in the element. If the element contains more than this number of rows, a scrollbar will appear which the user can use to scroll to the other rows. To get the actual number of rows in the element, use the getRowCount method.
seltype
Type: one of the values below
Used to indicate whether multiple selection is allowed.
single
Only one row may be selected at a time. (Default in listbox and richlistbox.)
multiple
Multiple rows may be selected at once. (Default in tree.)

For trees, you can also use the following values:

cell
Individual cells can be selected
text
Rows are selected; however, the selection highlight appears only over the text of the primary column.

For richlistbox, this is new in Firefox 3.5.

statedatasource
Type: URI
Chrome XUL may specify an RDF datasource to use to store tree state information. This is used to hold which tree items are open and which items are collapsed. This information will be remembered for the next time the XUL file is opened. If you do not specify this attribute, state information will be stored in the local store (rdf:local-store).
tabindex
Type: integer
The tab order of the element. The tab order is the order in which the focus is moved when the user presses the "tab" key. Elements with a higher tabindex are later in the tab sequence.
treelines
Type: boolean
When set to true, lines are drawn connecting the lines in the tree; when false, the lines are not drawn. This is false by default.

Properties

accessibleType
Type: integer
A value indicating the type of accessibility object for the element.
builderView
Type: nsIXULTreeBuilder
A reference to the tree builder which constructed the tree data. The builder provides access to the RDF resources for each row in the tree, and allows sorting the data by column. In newer versions of Mozilla, the builderView property is actually a synonym for the view property, since the two interfaces are flattened together into a single interface in JavaScript. This property is read-only.
columns
Type: nsITreeColumns
Returns the columns for the tree as an nsITreeColumns object.
contentView
Type: nsITreeContentView
For trees built with a content builder - that is, those that do not have flags set -- the contentView will be a reference to the nsITreeContentView for the tree. This interface lets you retrieve the DOM element corresponding to a given a row index and vice versa. For trees that are not built with a content builder, the functions of nsITreeContentView will not be available, since there are no DOM nodes to retrieve. In newer versions of Mozilla, the contentView property is actually a synonym for the view property, since the two interfaces are flattened together into a single interface in JavaScript. This property is read-only.
currentIndex
Type: integer

Set to the row index of the tree caret in the tree. For trees with focus, the caret's position is indicated by the focus ring, but unfocused trees won't show  a focus ring, naturally. For unfocused trees, the (undrawn) caret's position can still be obtained by this property. If the caret isn't present for any row (for example, because the tree has never been focused), the value will be -1.

You cannot rely on this property to change or determine a tree selection, except for trees with seltype="single". (All trees have seltype="multiple" by default.) To reliably change or determine a selection, instead use the nsITreeSelection interface methods available via tree.view.selection.

disabled
Type: boolean
Gets and sets the value of the disabled attribute.
disableKeyNavigation
Type: boolean
Gets or sets the value of the disableKeyNavigation attribute.
editingColumn
Type: nsITreeColumn
The column of the tree cell currently being edited, or null if there is no cell being edited.
editingRow
Type: integer
The row index of the tree cell currently being edited, or -1 if there is no cell currently being edited.
enableColumnDrag
Type: boolean
When set to true, the user may drag the column headers around to change the order in which they are displayed.
firstOrdinalColumn
Type: treecol element
A reference to the first treecol element, which or may not be the first column displayed in the tree.
inputField
Type: textbox element
Read-only property that holds the textbox that is used for editing.

selType
Type: string
Gets and sets the value of the seltype attribute.

 

selstyle
Type: string
If set to the value primary, only the label of the primary column will be highlighted when an item in the tree is selected. Otherwise, the entire row will be highlighted. To see the difference, compare the selection style in the folder list and the message list in Mozilla mail.
tabIndex
Type: integer
Gets and sets the value of the tabindex attribute.
treeBoxObject
Type: nsITreeBoxObject
The box object is responsible for rendering the tree on the window. This object implements the nsITreeBoxObject interface and contains functions for retrieving the cells at certain coordinates, redrawing cells and scrolling the tree. This property is equivalent to the boxObject property.
view
Type: nsITreeView
The view for the tree, which is the object which generates the data to be displayed. You can assign an object which implements nsITreeView to this property. Trees built from RDF or those which use treeitems directly will already have a view. Functions available in the view allow one to retrieve the data within the cells, and determine which rows are nested within others. For a complete list of view functions, see the nsITreeView interface.

Methods

Inherited Methods
addEventListener(), appendChild(), blur, click, cloneNode(), compareDocumentPosition, dispatchEvent(), doCommand, focus, getAttribute(), getAttributeNode(), getAttributeNodeNS(), getAttributeNS(), getBoundingClientRect(), getClientRects(), getElementsByAttribute, getElementsByAttributeNS, getElementsByClassName(), getElementsByTagName(), getElementsByTagNameNS(), getFeature, getUserData, hasAttribute(), hasAttributeNS(), hasAttributes(), hasChildNodes(), insertBefore(), isDefaultNamespace(), isEqualNode, isSameNode, isSupported(), lookupNamespaceURI, lookupPrefix, normalize(), querySelector(), querySelectorAll(), removeAttribute(), removeAttributeNode(), removeAttributeNS(), removeChild(), removeEventListener(), replaceChild(), setAttribute(), setAttributeNode(), setAttributeNodeNS(), setAttributeNS(), setUserData

startEditing( row, column )
Return type: no return value
Activates user editing of the given cell, which is specified by row index number and the nsITreeColumn in which it is located. The tree view's nsITreeView.getCellText() method is called to obtain the cell contents.
stopEditing( shouldaccept )
Return type: no return value
Stops editing the cell currently being edited. If the shouldAccept parameter is true, the cell's label is changed to the edited value (the tree view's nsITreeView.setCellText() method is called to change the cell contents). Otherwise the cell label is reverted to the value it had prior to editing.

Elements
treecols, treecol, treechildren, treeitem, treerow, treecell and treeseparator..
Interfaces
nsIAccessibleProvider, nsIDOMXULTreeElement, nsIDOMXULMultiSelectControlElement

Script Examples

To have alternating colors for each row, use the style rules like the following:

treechildren::-moz-tree-row(selected) { background-color: #FFFFAA; }
treechildren::-moz-tree-row(odd) { background-color: #EEEEEE; }
treechildren::-moz-tree-row(odd, selected) { background-color: #FFFFAA; }
treechildren::-moz-tree-cell-text(selected) { color: #000000; }
treechildren::-moz-tree-cell-text(odd, selected) { color: #000000; }

If using a content tree view, use the following to get the value of the id attribute for each of the selected rows of a tree:

var idList = [];
var rangeCount = tree.view.selection.getRangeCount();
for (var i = 0; i < rangeCount; i++) {
  var start = {};
  var end = {};
  tree.view.selection.getRangeAt(i, start, end);
  for (var c = start.value; c <= end.value; c++) {
    idList.push(tree.view.getItemAtIndex(c).firstChild.id);
  }
}

The following returns a array of the indicies of the rows where the value is checked in a checkbox type column:

function getCellChecked(tree, columnid) {
  var arr = [];
  var column = tree.columns.getNamedColumn(columnid);
  for (var i = 0; i < tree.view.rowCount; i++) {
    if (tree.view.getCellValue(i, column) == 'true')
      arr.push(i);
  }
  return arr;
}

To get the text value for a specific column (for example column 'age') from the currently focused row in the tree:

var t = document.getElementById('mytree');
document.title = t.view.getCellText(t.currentIndex,t.columns.getNamedColumn('age'));

To select the checkbox and display the cell's text value, you can use code like the following.

XUL for the tree:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<?xml-stylesheet href="chrome://global/skin/" type="text/css"?>
<?xml-stylesheet href="file://C:/main.css" type="text/css"?>                                    
<window xmlns="http://www.mozilla.org/keymaster/gatekeeper/there.is.only.xul">

<row><button label="GetRowValues" oncommand="getrowcellvalues();"/></row>
 <tree flex="1" editable="true" id="mytree">

  <treecols>
    <treecol label="Active" type="checkbox" editable="true" />
    <treecol label="Name" flex="1" id="name"/>
  </treecols>

  <treechildren>
    <treeitem>
      <treerow>
        <treecell value="false"/>
        <treecell label="Alice"/>
      </treerow>
    </treeitem>
    <treeitem>
      <treerow>
        <treecell value="false"/>
        <treecell label="Bob"/>
      </treerow>
    </treeitem>
  </treechildren>

</tree>

</window>

CSS:

treechildren::-moz-tree-checkbox {
  /* unchecked checkbox treecells. This style MUST come before treechildren::-moz-tree-checkbox(checked) otherwise it won't take effect. */
  list-style-image: url("")
}
treechildren::-moz-tree-checkbox(checked) {
  /* checked checkbox treecells. cbox-check.gif isn't available in
     Firefox 1, 2, and 3 in Mac OS X so you should specify a URL to an image
     in your extension or elsewhere. */
  list-style-image: url("chrome://global/skin/checkbox/cbox-check.gif");
}
treechildren::-moz-tree-checkbox(disabled) {
  /* disabled checkbox treecells. cbox-check-dis.gif isn't available in
     Firefox 1, 2, and 3 in Mac OS X, so you should specify a URL to an image
     in your extension or elsewhere. */
  list-style-image: url("chrome://global/skin/checkbox/cbox-check-dis.gif")
}

treechildren::-moz-tree-row(selected)            { background-color: #FFFFAA; }
treechildren::-moz-tree-row(odd)                 { background-color: #EEEEEE; }
treechildren::-moz-tree-row(odd, selected)       { background-color: #FFFFAA; }
treechildren::-moz-tree-cell-text(selected)      { color: #000000; }
treechildren::-moz-tree-cell-text(odd, selected) { color: #000000; }
treechildren::-moz-tree-row(hover) {background-color: #FFFFAA !important;}

treechildren:-moz-tree-column {
  border-right:1px solid rgb(220,220,220) !important;
}

The JavaScript to get the text for the selected row/rows:

function getrowcellvalues() {
  var tree = document.getElementById('mytree');
  for (var i = 0; i < tree.view.rowCount; i++) {
    if (tree.view.getCellValue(i, tree.columns.getColumnAt(0)) == 'true'){
      alert(tree.view.getCellText(i, tree.columns.getNamedColumn("name")));
    }
  }
}

This way, you can get the tree cell values of the selected checkbox of the corresponding row.

Attachments

File Size Date Attached by
trees1.png
6200 bytes 2006-08-09 03:41:15 Ptak82
XUL_ref_dialog.png
6727 bytes 2006-06-26 20:13:46 Nickolay

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: Sheppy,