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    element.namespaceURI

    Summary

    The namespace URI of the node, or null if the node is not in a namespace (read-only). When the node is a document, it returns the XML namespace for the current document.

    Syntax

    namespace = node.namespaceURI
    • namespace is a string that represents the namespace URI of the specified node.

    Example

    In this snippet, a node is being examined for its localName and its namespaceURI. If the namespaceURI returns the XUL namespace and the localName returns "browser", then the node is understood to be a XUL <browser/>.

    if (node.localName == "browser" && 
        node.namespaceURI == "http://www.mozilla.org/keymaster/gatekeeper/there.is.only.xul") {
      // this is a XUL browser 
    }

    Notes

    This is not a computed value that is the result of a namespace lookup based on an examination of the namespace declarations in scope. The namespace URI of a node is frozen at the node creation time.

    In Firefox 3.5 and earlier, the namespace URI for HTML elements in HTML documents is null. In later versions, in compliance with HTML5, it is http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml as in XHTML.

    For nodes of any nodeType other than ELEMENT_NODE and ATTRIBUTE_NODE the value of namespaceURI is always null.

    You can create an element with the specified namespaceURI using the DOM Level 2 method document.createElementNS.

    Per the Namespaces in XML specification, an attribute does not inherit its namespace from the element it is attached to. If an attribute is not explicitly given a namespace, it has no namespace.

    The DOM does not handle or enforce namespace validation per se. It is up to the DOM application to do any validation necessary. Note too that the namespace prefix, once it is associated with a particular node, cannot be changed.

    Specifications

    Document Tags and Contributors

    Contributors to this page: Potappo
    Last updated by: Potappo,