The window we've created so far has had nothing in it, so it isn't very interesting yet. In this section, we will add two buttons, a Find button and a Cancel button. We will also learn a simple way to position them on the window.
Like HTML, XUL has a number of tags that can be used to create user interface elements. The most basic of these is the
tag. This element is used to create simple buttons.
The button element has two main properties associated with it, a
label and an
image. You need one or the other or both. Thus, a button can have a label only, an image only or both a label and an image. Buttons are commonly used for the OK and Cancel buttons in a dialog, for example.
Syntax of buttons
tag has the following syntax:
<button id="identifier" class="dialog" label="OK" image="images/image.jpg" disabled="true" accesskey="t"/>
The attributes are as follows, all of which are optional:
- A unique identifier so that you can identify the button with. You'll see this attribute on all elements. You'll want to use this if you want to refer to the button in a style sheet or script. However, you should add this attribute to almost all elements. It isn't always placed on elements in this tutorial for simplicity.
- The style class of the button. This works the same as in HTML. It is used to indicate the style that the button appears in. In this case the value
dialogis used. In most cases, you will not use a class for a button.
- The label that will appear on the button. For example, OK or Cancel. If this is left out, no text appears.
- The URL of the image to appear on the button. If this is attribute is left out, no image appears. You can also specify the image in a stylesheet using the
- If this attribute is set to
- This should be set to a letter that is used as a shortcut key. This letter should appear in the label text and will typically be drawn underlined. When the user presses ALT (or a similar key that varies on each platform) and the access key, the button will be focused from anywhere in the window.
Some examples of buttons
<button label="Normal"/> <button label="Disabled" disabled="true"/>
The examples above will generate the buttons in the image. The first button is a normal button. The second button is disabled so it appears greyed out.
We'll start by creating a simple Find button for the find files utility. The example code below shows how to do this.
<button id="find-button" label="Find"/>
The findfile.xul example
Let's add this code to the file findfile.xul that we created in the previous section. The code needs to be inserted in-between the
tags. The code to add is shown in red below:
<?xml version="1.0"?> <?xml-stylesheet href="chrome://global/skin/" type="text/css"?> <window id="findfile-window" title="Find Files" orient="horizontal" xmlns="http://www.mozilla.org/keymaster/gatekeeper/there.is.only.xul"> <button id="find-button" label="Find"/> <button id="cancel-button" label="Cancel"/> </window>
You'll notice that the Cancel button was added also. The window has been given a horizontal orientation so that the two buttons appear beside each other. If you open the file in Mozilla, you should get something like the image shown here.
In the next section, we will find out how to add labels and images to a XUL window.