HTML element reference

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This page lists all the HTML elements. They are grouped by function to help you find what you have in mind easily. Although this guide is written for those who are newer to coding, we intend it to be useful for anyone.

Basic elements

Basic elements are the backbone of any HTML document. You'll see these elements in the source code for all web pages, following the doctype declaration, which is on the first line of the page. The doctype specifies which version of (X)HTML that page is using. Elements comprising the contents of a Web page are placed between the opening <html> tag and the closing </html> tag. The <html> element is also known as the root element.  (Note however that complex documents may also have special "child" roots called shadow-roots.)

Attributes

Most elements need, or can have, additional information specified in order to function properly, or as intended.  These details are given via special name="value" pairs called attributes, and are included in the opening tag of the element.  Each element or element-type has its own set of allowed attributes, (See desired element for its specific list), but there are also general or "global" attributes that can be applied to ANY element (though some may have no effect.)  Note that attribute values should be in quotes (and MUST be to properly function if value contains any whitespace -- for example, a class-list) but there is usually no error message generated if quotes are missing.  Note also that there is usually no error generated by misspelled or undefined attributes (though they do violate the formal spec), and thus some complex HTML documents may make use of their own private attribute-names in handling their data and elements.

Basic syntax

<tagname attribute1 = "value" ... attributeN = "value"> element contents </tagname>


Main root

Element Description
<html>

Document metadata

Metadata contains information about the page. This includes information about styles, scripts and data to help software (search engines, browsers, etc.) use and render the page. Metadata for styles and scripts may be defined in the page or link to another file that has the information. 

Element Description
<base>
<head>
<link>
<meta>
<style>
<title>

Content sectioning

Content sectioning elements allow you to organize the document content into logical pieces. Use the sectioning elements to create a broad outline for your page content, including header and footer navigation, and heading elements to identify sections of content.   

Element Description
<address>
<article>
<aside>
<footer>
<header>
<h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, <h6>
<hgroup>
<nav>
<section>

Text content

Use HTML text content elements to organize blocks or sections of content placed between the opening <body> and closing </body> tags. Important for accessibility and SEO, these elements identify the purpose or structure of that content.     

Element Description
<dd>
<div>
<dl>
<dt>
<figcaption>
<figure>
<hr>
<li>
<main>
<ol>
<p>
<pre>
<ul>

Inline text semantics

Use the HTML inline text semantic to define the meaning, structure, or style of a word, line, or any arbitrary piece of text.

Element Description
<a>
<abbr>
<b>
<bdi>
<bdo>
<br>
<cite>
<code>
<data>
<dfn>
<em>
<i>
<kbd>
<mark>
<q>
<rp>
<rt>
<rtc>
<ruby>
<s>
<samp>
<small>
<span>
<strong>
<sub>
<sup>
<time>
<u>
<var>
<wbr>

Image and multimedia

HTML supports various multimedia resources such as images, audio, and video.

Element Description
<area>
<audio>
<img>
<map>
<track>
<video>

Embedded content

In addition to regular multimedia content, HTML can include a variety of other content, even if it's not always easy to interact with.

Element Description
<embed>
<object>
<param>
<source>

Scripting

In order to create dynamic content and Web applications, HTML supports the use of scripting languages, most prominently JavaScript. Certain elements support this capability.

Element Description
<canvas>
<noscript>
<script>

Demarcating edits

These elements let you provide indications that specific parts of the text have been altered.

Element Description
<del>
<ins>

Table content

The elements here are used to create and handle tabular data.

Element Description
<caption>
<col>
<colgroup>
<table>
<tbody>
<td>
<tfoot>
<th>
<thead>
<tr>

Forms

HTML provides a number of elements which can be used together to create forms which the user can fill out and submit to the Web site or application. There's a great deal of further information about this available in the HTML forms guide.

Element Description
<button>
<datalist>
<fieldset>
<form>
<input>
<label>
<legend>
<meter>
<optgroup>
<option>
<output>
<progress>
<select>
<textarea>

Interactive elements

HTML offers a selection of elements which help to create interactive user interface objects.

Element Description
<details>
<dialog>
<menu>
<menuitem>
<summary>

Web Components

Web Components is an HTML-related technology which makes it possible to, essentially, create and use custom elements as if it were regular HTML. In addition, you can create custom versions of standard HTML elements.

Note: The elements for Web Components are defined in the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Components collection of specifications rather than the HTML specification. In addition, the Web Components specification has not been finalized and is subject to change.

Element Description
<content>
<element>
<shadow>
<template>

Obsolete and deprecated elements

Warning: These are old HTML elements which are deprecated and should not be used. You should never use them in new projects, and should replace them in old projects as soon as you can. They are listed here for informational purposes only.

Element Description
<acronym>
<applet>
<basefont>
<big>
<blink>
<center>
<command>
<content>
<dir>
<font>
<frame>
<frameset>
<isindex>
<keygen>
<listing>
<marquee>
<multicol>
<nextid>
<noembed>
<plaintext>
<spacer>
<strike>
<tt>
<xmp>

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