تسمح لك خاصية التحويل transform في CSS بإدارة وتغيير إحداثيات وأبعاد العناصر وما إلى ذلك كما سنتعرف في هذه الوثيقة.

ويتم ذلك عن طريق تعديل الإحداثيات لنموذج التنسيق المرئي للـ CSS.

 

إذا كانت الخاصية لها قيمة مختلفة عن none ، فسيتم إنشاء سياق تجميع. في هذه الحالة ، سيكون الكائن بمثابة كتلة تحتوي على position: fixed العناصر التي تحتوي عليها.

بناء الجملة

/* قيم رئيسية */
transform: none;

/* قيم وضيفية */
transform: matrix(1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0);
transform: translate(12px, 50%);
transform: translateX(2em);
transform: translateY(3in);
transform: scale(2, 0.5);
transform: scaleX(2);
transform: scaleY(0.5);
transform: rotate(0.5turn);
transform: skew(30deg, 20deg);
transform: skewX(30deg);
transform: skewY(1.07rad);
transform: matrix3d(1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1);
transform: translate3d(12px, 50%, 3em);
transform: translateZ(2px);
transform: scale3d(2.5, 1.2, 0.3);
transform: scaleZ(0.3);
transform: rotate3d(1, 2.0, 3.0, 10deg);
transform: rotateX(10deg);
transform: rotateY(10deg);
transform: rotateZ(10deg);
transform: perspective(17px);

/*  قيم وضيفية متعددة */
transform: translateX(10px) rotate(10deg) translateY(5px);

/* قيمة عامة */
transform: inherit;
transform: initial;
transform: unset;

التحويل يمكن أن يحدد بقيمة واحدة أو أكثر من وضيفة.

القيم

<transform-function>
يمكنك استعمال وظيفة واحد أو أكثر من وظائف تحويل CSS ليتم تطبيقها. يتم تطبيق التحويلات المركبة بشكل فعال بالترتيب من اليسار إلى اليمين.
noneيحدد بعدم تحديد أي تحويل.

البنية

Syntax not found in DB!

أمثلة

HTML

<div>عنصر التحويل</div>

CSS

div {
  border: solid red;
  transform: translate(30px, 20px) rotate(20deg);
  width: 140px;
  height: 60px;
}

النتيجة

Please see Using CSS transforms and <transform-function> for more examples.

الميزات

الميزة الحالة التعليق
CSS Transforms Level 2
The definition of 'transform' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Adds 3D transform functions.
CSS Transforms Level 1
The definition of 'transform' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition.

Value not found in DB!

توافق المتصفح

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 36
Full support 36
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12
Prefixed
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes Internet Explorer does not support the global values initial and unset.
Full support 11
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 9
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -ms-
Notes Internet Explorer 5.5 or later supports a proprietary Matrix Filter which can be used to achieve a similar effect.
Opera Full support 12.1
Full support 12.1
Full support 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
No support 10.5 — 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -o-
Safari Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 3.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support 2
Prefixed Notes
Full support 2
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Notes Android 2.3 has a bug where input forms will "jump" when typing, if any container element has a -webkit-transform.
Chrome Android Full support Yes
Prefixed
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Mobile Full support Yes
Prefixed
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 16
Full support 16
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 11.5
Prefixed
Full support 11.5
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Safari iOS Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 3.2
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
3D supportChrome Full support 12Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 10IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes Internet Explorer 9.0 or earlier has no support for 3D transforms. Mixing 3D and 2D transform functions, such as -ms-transform:rotate(10deg) translateZ(0);, will prevent the entire property from being applied.
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 4WebView Android Full support 3
Prefixed
Full support 3
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 3.2Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

قد يفيدك

Document Tags and Contributors

المساهمون في هذه الصفحة: mohamadlounnas
آخر مَن حدّثها: mohamadlounnas,